Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are intrinsic rewards?
Intrinsic rewards come from within oneself and are personally satisfying for emotional or intellectual reasons.
What are extrinsic rewards?
Extrinsic rewards: rewards that come from outside oneself.
What is the TExAS exam?
The TExES is the certification test you have to take to be certified to teach in Texas. Consists of 1) content and 2) PPR
Want accountability Reform is currently impacting the field of education?
11. No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Components: students can transfer to other schools if theirs is failing. Every state has to set up an accountability system. See handout.
What are "high-stakes" test?
High-stakes tests are assessments used to determine whether or not students will be promoted from one grade to another, graduate from high school, or have access to specific fields of study
What does AYP mean? What are the consequence of being in an AYP school?
A statewide accountability system mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 which requires each state to ensure that all schools and districts make Adequate Yearly Progress. It means that you will be required to pass competency tests and be evaluated.
What are the pros and cons of the modified calendar?
Modified school calendars are calendars that eliminate long summer holidays without changing the total length of the school year. The pros: children less likely to forget what they learned. Cons: opponents contend that more frequent breaks actually give students more time to forget information and lead to more time spent in review then would occur with the traditional calendar. Furthermore, they argue that a modified calendar fails to address the most important components of learning, such as effective teaching methods, parental involvement, and appropriate curricula. Finally, modified calendars interfere with non-academic plans for the summer. They disrupt family vacations, and teachers are less able to further their education during the summer months
What are the pros and cons of block schedules?
Block schedules or an alternate form of scheduling that increases the link of classes, often doubling typical periods. Block scheduling aims to minimize disruptions caused by bells and transitions and or provide teachers with more flexibility and extended periods of time for instruction. Block schedules can work well in areas such as science, home economics, and art, where labs in projects often take longer to complete them the transitional period. Advocates argue that longer periods promote greater in-depth learning, fewer management problems, and better use of teacher time. Opponents counter that the longer periods fail to account for limitations in students attention spans and do not provide adequate time for the assimilation of understanding (particularly in the 4x4 schedule). Further, long gaps between courses in core areas, such as math and English, make it more likely that students will forget the general knowledge needed to progress in these areas.
What makes the following skills, "withitness," and "overlaping" so important?
Teachers must be able to multi-task in order to be effective.
Why is being a caring professional so important? How was it communicated?
If the teacher doesn't care, why should the students? Caring in condusive to learning. Classroom environments in which each student is valued regardless of academic ability or performance contributes to both learning and motivation. Caring is communicated by 1) devoting time and 2) showing respect
What are the other rules?
What are some of the barriers to parent involvement?
1. Employment -- holding down two or three jobs
2. In ability to pay for child care, transportation, telephone service, or other things that would allow them to participate in school activities
3. Some parents may have gone through only the elementary grades or may and negative experiences
four. Parents of finding holes and may not speak English
Why do teachers leave the profession by as much as 50% over the first five years?
1) better jobs or other careers
2) dissatisfaction with teaching as a career or with their specific jobs
3) school staffing actions, such as cutbacks in staff, layoffs, terminations, school reorganizations, or school closings
What is the difference between culture and ethnicity?
Culture refers to the attitudes, values, customs, and behavior patterns that characterize a social group. Ethnicity refers to a person's ancestry; the way individuals identified themselves with the nation for which they or their ancestors came.
What is the difference between assimilation and a commendation?
Is the process of socializing people so that they adopt dominant social norms and patterns of behavior; and approach to multicultural education. On the other hand, accommodation recognizes and accepts student diversity.
What is the position of NCLB regarding language diversity?
English Acquistion Act
What is an ESL program?
ESL stands for "English as a second language." They are pullout programs in which students are provided with secondary English instruction or modified instruction in content areas (also called chauffeured English programs).
Regarding ELL, what is any immersion program?
In immersion programs students learn English by being immersed in classrooms where English is the only language spoken. This sink or swim approach is often hard on students, and they may lose their native language.
Regarding ELL, what is immersion?
In immersion programs students learn English by being immersed in classrooms where English is the only language spoken. This sink or swim approach is often hard on students, and they may lose their native language.
Regarding ELL, what is transition?
In transition programs students learn to read and first language and are given supplementary instruction in English as a second language. Once English is mastered, students are placed in regular classrooms and first language is discontinued. This requires teachers trained in first language. Acquisition of English may not be as fast.
Regarding EEL, what is maintenance?
In maintenance programs first language is maintained through reading and writing activities in first language while English is introduced. The advantages students become literate in two languages. But this requires teachers trained in the first language, and acquisition of English may not be as fast.
How should teachers deal with the issue of sexual harassment?
Pitcher should talk with students about sexual harassment, and emphasized that no form of sexual harassment will be tolerated.
What is the impact of ability grouping and tracking?
1. Homogenously grouped low ability students achieve less than heterogeneously group students of similar ability.
2. Within-class grouping creates logistical problems for teachers, because different lessons and assignments or are required, and monitoring students in different tasks is difficult.
3. Improper placements occur, and placement tends to become permanent. Cultural minorities are underrepresented in high ability classes and overrepresented in lower classes and tracks.
4. Low groups are stigmatized, and the self-esteem and motivation of students in these groups suffer.
In addition to the above problems, placement in low groups increases absentee rates
What three groups make up the majority of students with exceptionalities?
1. Students with mental retardation
2. Students who have specific learning disabilities
3. Students with behavior disorders
What is the essence of IDEA, Public Law 94-142?
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act mandates a free and public education for all students with exceptionalities. This law helps ensure consistency in how different states address the needs of students with exceptionalities.
What is ARD?
The letters stand for Admission, Review, & Dismissal committee. This is the name of the committee responsible for making the educational decisions for a student. The parents, or adult students, are members of the ARD committee.
What is IEP?
The letters stand for Individual Education Plan. This is the plan written by the ARD Committee and describes the services that a student will receive from special education.
What is LRE?
The letters stand for "least restrictive environment." An LRE is one that places students in as normal an educational setting as possible while still meeting their special academic, social, and physical needs.
What is inclusion?
Inclusion is a comprehensive approach to educating students with exceptionalities advocates of total, systematic, and coordinated web of services. It has three components:
1. Including students with special needs in a regular and campus
2. Placing students with special needs in age and grade appropriate classrooms
3. Providing special education support within the regular classroom