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37 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
balanced budget
When the government spends only the money it takes in.
Star Wars
An American space-based defense system.
Sandinistas
Nicaraguan socialists whose government President Reagan did not support.
Contras
People in Nicaragua who wanted to overthrow the socialist government of the Sandinistas.
glasnost
The policy of openness that existed in the Soviet Union under Gorbachev; people were encouraged to speak out about problems in the Soviet Union.
economic sanctions
Actions, such as boycotts, taken against a country to bring about change without bloodshed.
Iran-Contra deal
Officials working for the President lied to Congress and caused a scandal.
Solidarity
The name of the trade union that was banned (not permitted) by the Soviets in Poland.
apartheid
The policy that kept whites and blacks separate in South Africa.
recession
Slow down of economic growth accompanied by high unemployment.
Alliance for Progress
A program to help Latin America.
Camp David Accord
A treaty signed by Israel and Egypt to promote peace in the Middle East.
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
Group that has waged guerrilla warfare against Israel.
Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act
Law that requires government spending to be cut by certain amounts each year to control the deficit.
INF Treaty
Agreement to ban short-range and medium-range missiles.
Mikhail Gorbachev
leader who wanted to rebuild the Soviet economy
Sandra Day O'Connor
first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court
Manuel Noriega
strongman ruler of Panama, captured by U.S. troops, held in U.S. jail
Corazon Aquino
first woman elected president of the Phillipines by "people power"
President Reagan
conservative president who supported smaller government, less spending on government programs
budget deficit (amount of money U.S. government spends that is more than it brings in)
increased sharply in the 1980s
"Negotiate from strength"
President Reagan's slogan for how to talk to the Soviet Union
Soviet Union - 1989
begins accept the reforms - a more open press, government, etc.
Why did the Soviet Union break up?
-rivalries among ethnic groups
-a weak economy
-an attempted coup against the government
Romania
the dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu, was executed as communism fell in Eastern Europe
Latin America
has received aid from the U.S. often
Ayatollah Khomeini
the person who controlled Iran after the Shah (king) was overthrown
The U.S. Constitution has 3 parts: the ________________, the ________________, and the ________________________
Preamble,
Articles,
Amendments
_________ goals are listed in the Preamble to the Constitution.
6
There are ________ Articles in the Constitution.
7
There are ____________ Amendments to the Constitution.
27
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution are known as _______________________
The Bill of Rights
The U.S. Constitution has 3 parts: the ________________, the ________________, and the ________________________
Preamble,
Articles,
Amendments
_________ goals are listed in the Preamble to the Constitution.
6
There are ________ Articles in the Constitution.
7
There are ____________ Amendments to the Constitution.
27
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution are known as _______________________
The Bill of Rights