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33 Cards in this Set

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waving the bloody shirt
expression said to have derived from a speach by Representative Benjamin F. Burler allegedly waved before the House the bloodstained nightshirt of a Klan-flogged carpetbagger. Republincans "waved the bloody shirt - meaning rebibing the gory memories of th Civil War to whip up enthusiasm for Ulysses S Grant. it became for the first time a prominent featur of presidential compaign.
Jay Gould
a millionaire whoe along with fellow millionaire "Jubilee Jim" fisk concocted a plot in 1869 to corner the gold market. The plot which also involed President Grant, failed.
popular name for the paper currency issued by the federal government durning the American Civil War to facilitate the war exprenses.
durning the nominating convention of 1880 the one half of the Republic party that beliedved in party boyalty and wated to nominated former President grant for a third term. The two hlbes eventually reached a compromise by nominatin James Garfield (a half-breed) and Chester Arthur (stalwart) for vice president.
Charles J. Guiteau
a siappointed and mentally deranged office seeker who shot Presidet Garield in the back in Washington railroad station. He claimed to be a Stalwart whose goal was to make Mrther president. Garfield died 11 weeks later and Guiteau was found guilty of murder and hanged.
James G. Blain
in 1884 the leading contender for the Republican presidential nominatin. He had been denied the nomination in previous years due to a scandal involving a railroad deal. The mugwumps seceded an promised to vote for the Democratic nominee. He lost the election by razor-thing margin and later served as secretary of state under Presidnt harrison.
Central pacific railroad
one of two railroads constructed to link the Midwest and the West Coast. It went eastward from the Pacific Ocean and met the Union Pacific Railroad at Promontory Summit, Utah in 1869 which signified a new war in Western history.
Alexander G Bell
a teacher of the deaf who in 1876 invented one of the most ingenious products the telephone.
Andrew Carnegie
American industrialist and philanthropist who formed a company to produce iron railroad bridges after the American Civil War. He later founded a steel mill and acquired a controlling interest in other large steel plants.
American Federation of labor.
formed in 1886 it became the country's first organization of craft unions. Samuel Gompers served as the first president of the AFL and set out a list of principles that guided the federation and encouraged many of national craft unions to join. It gave each craft union complete autonomy over its internal affairs and granted the national craft union exclusive jurisdiction over organizing workers employed in that craft
Jane Addams
in 1889 founded the Jull House a center for welfare work in Chicago. It championed the causes of labor reform, public education and immigrant's rights.
W.E.B. DuBois
black American historian and sociologist who conducted the initial research on the black experience in the United States. He paved the way for civil rights Pan African and Black Power movements in the United States
Crazy Horse
chief of the Oglala Sioux known for his part in the Native American resistance to white expansion in the western us he killed Colonel Custer in the battle of Little Big Horn an was later confined and killed
Long Drive
Texas cowboys black white and Mexican drove herds numbering from one to ten thousand heads slowly over the unfenced and un peopled plains until they reached the railroad terminal . The cattle grazed en route on the free government grass. It proved profitable to the cattlemen until homesteaders and sheepherder built barbed white fences to keep the cowboys out
toward the end of the 19th century one half of Oklahoma known as the Oklahoma territory was gradually opened for white settlement however land hungry settlers known as Sooner's jumped the starting gun that was to open one section of the territory to settlers and rushed in to take land before they were legally entitled to do so.
Sherman Sliver Purchase Act
under this act the treasury was to buy a total of 4.5 million oz of silver monthly about all that was being mined and pay for it in motes redeemable in either sliver or gold.
Pullman Strike
employees of the Pullman palace ca co which had been hard hit by the depression struck out in some places overturning Pullman cars and paralyzing railway traffic from Chicago to Pacific Coast President Cleveland had to send US Army troops to contain the rioting.
Gold Bugs
supporters of single gold standard
Henry C. Lodge
American statesman who led the opposition of US membership in the League of Nations after WWI
Adam George Dewey
American naval officer who became a hero during the Spanish-American war when the US fleet he commanded destroyed the Spanish fleet at Manila
John hay
American statesman and writer During the Civil war he fought with the union and served as private secretary to Abraham Lincoln He served as a Secretary of State from 1898 to 1905 in the administrations of Presidents McKinley and Roosevelt
Roosevelt Corollary
an addendum to the 1823 Monroe Doctrine the original Monroe doctrine declared that the US had the right to exclude foreign powers from expanding in the western hemisphere. The Roosevelt corollary in contrast stated that "CHRONIC" wrongdoing on the part of Latin American nations entitled the US to intervene in the affairs of those nations.
H.D. Lloyd
1894 he wrote a book entitled Wealth Against Commonwealth which charged into the standard Oil Company.
women campaigning for the Wright of women to vote in elections. Among the leaders of leaders of the suffragette movement in the US was Susan B Anthony
Dollar diplomacy
named applied to the phase of US diplomacy that was based on the theory that the US as the most powerful nation in the Western Hemisphere possessed a manifest right to regulate the destinies of the turbulent southern republics.
Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914
a law that empowered a presidential appointed commission to turn a searchlight on industries engaged in interstate commerce such as the meatpackers. The commissioner were expected to crush monopoly at the source by rooting out unfair trade practices, including unlawful competition false advertising mislabeling adulteration and bribery
British passenger liner that was torpedoed and sank off the coast of Ireland on May 7 1915 with the loss of 1,198 lives including 128 Americans. It was carrying forty-two hundred cases of small-arms ammunition a fact the Germans used to justify the sinking
Zimmerman note
a secret message in which the German government proposed an alliance with Mexico and discussed the possibility of Mexico regaining territory lost to the US Resentful that Germany was sinking American ships and making overtures to Mexico the US declared war on Germany on April 6 1917
Industrial Workers of the World
a small and radical labor organization known as the wobbliest or IWWs who engineered some of the most damaging industrial sabotage in response to having some of the shabbiest working conditions in the country
Chateau Thierry
part of the Second battle of the Marne in WWI It is notable in American history as the first victorious action of American troops in that war
David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister who led Great Britain through the latter part of WWI and the early postwar years.
Warren g Harding
29th president of the United States who believed the Republican Party could return the US to normalcy referring to the prewar economic and political isolation. He was not an effective president and his administration is mainly remembered for its corruption which was revealed after his death.
Henry Cabot Lodge
of Massachusetts grandson of Henry C Lodge who served as running mate to Nixon in the 1960 presidential campaign