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66 Cards in this Set

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Declared that all slaves in areas rebelling against the U.S. would be free on Jan. 1, 1863
Emancipation Proclamation of Abraham Lincoln
A confederate sympatheizer responsible for assassinating Abraham Lincoln
John Wilkes Booth
Expression used by Confederate leaders who complained of the presence of black soldiers after the Civil War
"painful humiliation"
Founded in 1881 to teach African Americans trades and professions
Alabama's Tuskegee Institute
Founded the American Red Cross
Clara Barton
He became commander of all Union forces and used the North's advantages in terms of soldiers and supplies
Ulysses S. Grant
He was the commander of the Tennessee army. He moved 100,000 troops out of Tennessee toward Atlanta, Georgia burning and destroying everything along the way.
General William Sherman
He was the first Black promoted to Major in the Union Army
Martin Delany
In return for Democrat's acceptance of Hayes as president, Republicans agreed not to use military to enforce Reconstruction legislation.
Compromise of 1877
Merchants only giving credit to farmers who grew certain crops, most often cotton was an example of this
crop lien system
Northern Democrats who opposed the war because they sympathized with the South.
Copperheads
Northern Republicans who came south during reconstruction
carpetbaggers
On April 12, 1861, this marked the beginning of four bloody years of war
Fall of Fort Sumpter
One of the bloodiest days of the Civil War. Cost the south any hope of European support
Battle of Antietam
One of the skillful military leaders of the confederacy along with Joseph E. Johnston
General Robert E. Lee
Passed in January 1864 to abolish slavery
13th amendment to the Constitution
Radical Republican from Pennsylvania that believed that land reform could change southern society.
Thaddeus Stevens
President of the Confederacy and a strong advocate of slavery and secession
Jefferson Davis
Referred to Democrats in the South that moved to win back their states from the Republicans. They used terrorism to win state elections
Redeemers
Referred to the fact that the South had only to protect its territory until the Union quit the fight
defensive war
Secret terrorist group formed in the 1860s to keep blacks from voting
Ku Klux Klan
Secretary of War that was ousted by President Johnson without congressional approval
Edwin Stanton
Some southern states passed laws designed to enforce segregation or separation of the races. These laws were referred to as
Jim Crow Laws
Southern factory workers eared wages that were much lower than their northern counterparts
40% below
Tests supposedly intended to limit the vote to those who could read and write
literacy tests
The 1868 Radical Republican choice for presidential candidate
Ulysses S. Grant
A Democrat from Tennessee and a former slaveholder, he was ill-suited to the challenge of Reconstruction and became President when Lincoln was assassinated
Andrew Johnson
A group within the Republican Party that insisted that African Americans be given the right to vote. They wanted Reconstruction to create a new South where all men would have equal rights
Radical Republicans
A political club that brought the views of the Republican Party to the freed slaves and to poor whites
Urban League
After this battle, everyone realized that the war would last longer than a few months
Bull Run
America's first licensed female doctor
Elizabeth Blackwell
Arrangement in which sharecroppers promised their crops to merchants in exchange for supplies
crop lien system
Commander at Fort Sumpter who refused to evacuate fort on Beauregard's order
Major Robert Anderson
Declared that everyone born in the U.S. was a citizen with full civil rights. Johnson vetoed the bill saying ti would "operate against the white race."
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Described the sentiment of many who felt that many rich people were able to elude the draft by paying a substitute
Rich man' war and a poor man's fight
The calling up of people to serve in the military
draft
The first group to respond to the army's overwhelming need for medical care
Catholic nuns
The term used for the plan to rebuild the rebelling states for for reuniting the nation
Reconstruction
These represented the numerical advantage that the North had over the South in terms of people
22million people living in the North
These divided the former Confederacy into five military districts to be overseen by Union troops
Reconstruction Acts of 1867
These empowered the federal government to combat terrorism with military force and to prosecute suspects
Enforcement Acts of 1871
These were taxes imposed on every voter making it difficult for Blacks to vote
poll taxes
This battle marked the turning point proving that the confederacy could be defeated
Battle of Gettysburg
This called for former confederate states to abolish slavery and for a majority of each state's white males to take a loyalty oath
Wade Davis Bill
This offered a full pardon to almost all southerners who would sear allegiance to the US Constitution and accept federal laws on slavery.
Lincoln's Plan
This prohibited discrimination by hotels and other businesses serving the public
Civil Rights Bill of 1875
This required states to extend equal citizenship to all people "born or naturalized in the Untied States" including the African Americans
Fourteenth Amendment
This ruled that "separate but equal" facilities did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment.
Plessy v. Ferguson case of the Supreme Court
This state was formed when Lincoln asked for 75,000 militiamen
West Virginia
This strategy was used to keep the South from importing supplies and exporting cotton
Naval Blockade
This war strategy believed it was not enough to fight enemy troops. To win the war, the Union had to strike at the enemy's economic resources
Total War
This was Grant's strategy to fight until the South ran out of men, supplies, and will.
War of Attrition
Trained his men well but hesitated to send them to battle.
General McClellan
Under these laws, African American could not hold meetings unless whites were present
Black codes
Under this system the worker agreed to work a parcel of the planter's land in return for a share of the crop, a cabin, seeds, tools, and a mule
Sharecropping
Violence in Memphis, this symbolized the ongoing violence in the South by those that opposed the 14th amendment
Race riots
Women suffragists who had opposed ratification of the 15th amendment until all women gained the vote alienating many African American Women from the Women's movement
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Word used to describe the Southern states that left the union
Confederacy
Worked to put a stop to lynching and wrote a fiery editorial on the subject.
Ida B. Wells
This stated that the right to vote shall not be "denied or abridged...on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
15th Amendment
This Union General was in command by July, 1863 at the Battle of Gettysburg
General George Mead
This was designed to aid the millions of southerners, particularly slaves left homeless by the war. The agency distributed food, served as an employment agency and ran hospitals and schools
The Freedman's Bureau
This former slave founded the Tuskegee Institute
Booker T. Washington
This was the place where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Grant.
The Appomatox in 1865
This regiment was composed of some of the first African American soldiers recruited for the Union Army
54th Massachusetts Infantry
Southern whites who supported reconstruction
scalawags