Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2 chamber legislature (parliament)
upper house: house of lords
lower house: house of commons
1 chamber legislature
absolute rule by a gov. that ignores the rights ad welfare of the people
agreement to stop buying or using a good or service
someone who officially represents the interests of ther people or of a government
Rule of Law
limited the monarchy's power and laid foundation for government that promotes public good
document monarchs used to grant priveledges to individuals. A record that defines power of the government
-English monarchs gave etlers the right to establish a colony
-guaranteed elections and established laws (mass.)
Magna Carta
1215- Great Charter
Establish the Rule of Law
Monarchs and Taxes- they get rich, peole poor
Right To Trial
1607- 1st permanent colony
3 Colonies
Royal, Proprietary, and Corporate
beonged directly to the crown
most common, Virginia
Territory was granted by the king to an indiv.
founded with out any direct authorizaion from the english gov. (conn. and rhode island)
New England Confederato
1613- Defend against attacks
-Few powers, lack cooperation
-end in 1684
Albany Plan of Union
-Proposed by Be Franklin
-Defend against French an their American Indian allies
-Levy taxes, raised army, trade with Indians
-Indiv. colonial and british gov. rejected by the plan
Stamp Act
1765- British government (george III) plan to raise money
-tax on paper goods such as newspaper, contracts, decks of cards
-British business had an advantage
-non british foeign goods more expensive
Declaration of Rights and grievances
-in response to the stamp act
-boycott of some british goods
Committee of correspondence
Allowed comm. amongst the colonists
Boston Tea Party
1773- Protested the deision by parliament to give British companies all rights to the tea rade in N.A. colonies
Intolerable Acts
Response by the British to the Tea Party
-tightened british rule
Declaration of Independence
July 4th, 1776
-John Adams, Franklin, Jefferson, Livingston, and Roger Sherman
-Jefferson wrote most of it
Articles of Confederation
created in 1777 and ratifiedin 1781
Anapolis Convention
Attempted to resolve diff among states
-Convention called for all states to send reps to Phil. in May
Great Compromise
aka connecticut plan
-roger sherman
-members elected directly by the people
-2nd chamber adated from nj plan
-each state has 2 reps in the senate (small states now equal with big states)
-senators elected by state legislature
-Both the senate and hus needed majority approval for leg. to become law
-separate powers belonging to each branch of gov. everyone in check (checks and balances)
-believed that constitution did not have to specify certain freedoms
-Ratiication of Constitution=National government becoming too powerful
-too many competing interests for pop. gov. to succed.
**** Lack of BILL OF RIGHTS would be dangerous****
Checks and Balances
-keeps everyone in check
Federalist Papers
Hamilton, Madison, and JOhn Jay wrote 85 newspaper articles
-one of the most important papers US history
Ben Franklin
Delegate, signed Dec. of Ind. scientist, philosopher
Alexander Hamilton
for "executive for life"
Thomas Jefferson
absent for signing (in Europe)
George Washington
chairman of convention
Patrick Henry
Jaes Madison
Father of the Constitution
Roger Sherman
signed Dec. of Ind.
Sam Adams
brewer and delegate