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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
mass production
producing goods in large amounts
interchangeable parts
standardized parts that can be used in place of one another
Tariff of 1816
a protective tariff on imported goods; it increased the cost of foreign goods
Established to help American businesses
Adams-Onis Treaty
Spain gave up Florida to the U.S. and let go of claims it had in the Oregon Territory
Missouri Compromise
it kept the balance of power between the slave states and free states; the Louisiana Territory was divided into two interests: one for slave holders and one for free settlers. Slavery was banned from the Louisiana Territory at 36 30 north latitude. South of the line slavery was legal, north of the line, slavery was not legal.
Trail of Tears
an 800 mile trip which relocated the Cherokee nation from Georgia to the West
Eli Whitney
inventor of the cotton gin; a machine that cleans the cotton seeds
National Road
building highways to improve transportation
Gibbons v. Ogden
ensures that the federal government has power to regulate goods and services across state lines
Jim Beckwourth
mountain man, a pioneer who lived in the Rocky Mountains, discovered passage in Sierra Nevada range
Monroe Doctrine
President Monroe gives a statement that told European nations not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere. He promised the U.S. would stay out of European affairs as well.
John Quincy Adams
Secretary of State, strong belief in nationalism, worked for the security of the nation and expansion of America's territory, President number 6
Sequoya
created an alphabet for the Cherokee nation
Democratic-Republican Party
new political power that was formed in reaction to the Republican Party; today's Democratic Party
spoils system
when a government official gives government jobs to his friends
Indian Removal Act
the federal government gave money to negotiate treaties that would force the Native Americans to move west
Worcester v. Georgia
the court recognized the Cherokee Nation as a political community that could not be regulated by Georgia law and Georgia could not invade their lands
William Henry Harrison
Whig candidate who ran against Van Buren for President and won,; old war hero, man of the people, died after one month in office
Martin Van Buren
became president after Jackson, inherited his problems with bank and money policies
Bank of the United States (BUS)
national bank; many regarded it as an agent of the wealthy
Nicholas Biddle
president of the national bank, demanded repayment of loans by privately owned businesses; refuses to make new loans, forces businesses into bankruptcy
Panic of 1837
bank closings and the collapse of the credit system; many people lose their savings; businesses go bankrupt
Daniel Webster
argues against nullification (the right of a state to reject a federal law they considered unconstitutional), great speaker, Senator, debates against Hayne
Tariff of Abominations
Congress passed a bill that raised the tariffs on raw materials and manufactured goods. Southerners were very angry. They had to sell their cotton at low prices but they had to pay high prices for manufactured goods.
John Marshall
he was the Supreme Court Chief Justice, he guided the Supreme Court to decisions that increased the power of the federal government
Andrew Jackson
President after Adams, he thought of himself as a man of the people, he practiced the spoils system. He supported the policy of moving Native Americans west. He did not want a national bank.
John Tyler
Harrison's vice-president and successor, opposed Whig program for economic recovery, he was put on the ballot with Harrison to pick up Southern votes
John C. Calhoun
Secretary of War, nullification theory (state has the right to reject a federal law that it thinks is unconstitutional)
pet banks
President had government funds deposited in state banks. Jackson was against having a national bank.
Erie Canal
363 mile long "Big Ditch"; links the Hudson River and the Great Lakes