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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
apportionment
the distribution of the number of members of the House of Representatives based on the population of each state
reapportionment
the periodic redistribution of U.S congressional seats according to changes in the census figures
at-large
an election process in which the voters of a city, state, or country as a shole elect their government representatives
Powers Of Congress
Delegated
Implied
Nonlegislative
Delegated Powers
Powers given to Congress through the Constitution
-Borrowing (to make ends meet)
-Tax (raise money needed to pay for the government)
-Commerce (commerce clause)
-Currency (make and regulate)
-Bankruptcies (establish laws)
-War (declare, raise, ect.)
-Other (copyrights, patents, measures, post office, ect)
Implied
Powers not specifically stated in the Constitution, enterpreted through the Elastic Clause
Nonlegislative
-Impeachment
-Oversight and Investigation
impeachment
the formal procedure by which a President or any federal official is removed for misconduct in office
oversight function
the power of Congress to review the policies and programs of the executive branch
authorization
a legislature's approval to implement or continue a governmental program or agency
appropriation
a grant of money by Congress to be used for specific purposes
oversight function
the power of Congress to review the policies and programs of the executive branch
authorization
a legislature's approval to implement or continue a governmental program or agency
appropriation
a grant of money by Congress to be used for specific purposes
subpoena
a legal order requiring a person to appear in court or turn over specified documents
Organization of Senate
1. President of Senate (Vice Pres)- Richard Cheney
2. President Pro Tem - Ted Stevens
3. Majority Leader - Bill Frist
4. Minority Leader - Harry Reid
5. Majority Whip
6. Minority Whip
7. Senate Membership
Organization of the House
1. Speaker of the House - Denny Hastert
2. Majority Leader - Tom DeLay
3. Minority Leader - Nancy Pelosi
4. Majority Whip
5. Minority Whip
6. House Membership
Types of Committees
Standing
Select
Joint
Conference
standing committee
a permanent committe that evaluates bills and either kills them or passes them along for further debate
select committee
a temporary congressional committee appointed for a limited purpose
joint committee
a legislative committee made up of members of both houses of Congress
conference committee
a temporary House-Senate committee whose goal is to find an acceptable compromise on conflicting versions of a bill
Support Agencies
-Library of Congress
-The Congressional Budget Office
-The General Accounting Office
-The Government Printing Office
franking
free postal service for letter sent by members of Congress to their constituents
censure
an official expression of blame or disapproval
HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW
know chart