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30 Cards in this Set

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Article III
Judicial Branch - Making sure Legislation doesn't pass unconstitutional laws.
III. 1
Federal Court System - Creates a Supreme Court and lower federal courts. Judges pay can not be diminished and serve for life "During Good Behavior"
III. 2
Jurisdiction- Speak about Rule
Original-The First place that the case goes is the Supreme Court. Deal with ambassadors and public officials.

Appellate- Only reaches Supreme Court upon appeal. Deals with all the rest of the cases.
III. 3
Treason - It is threatening to the stability of Govt.

Waging War against USA or giving aid to the enemy. Congress determines punishment and there is no Corruption of Blood
IV
Relations between states.
IV. 1
Full Faith and Credit- No skipping Justice.

Each state must respect the court decisions, licenses, and official documents of the other states.
IV. 2
Privileges and Immunity-
States govt. must respect the rights of people from other states and cant take away rights without "due process"
IV. 3
Adding New States-

New states may be added but existing states may not be carved up without permission
IV. 4
Guarantees-
Republican Govt. that protects against rights and also invasion and or domestic violence.
V
Amendments

2/3 of both houses or 2/3 of State Legislatures have a constitutional convention just to propose changes.

Ratification of 3/4 State Legislatures or state Constitutional Conventions to make the amendment.
VI
National Supremacy- Powers of Constitution.

Validity of Debts- If you are owed money and they place that owes you changes ownership than the new place still must pay you.
Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land.
Public Officials must swear to uphold the constitution but there will be no religious test.
VII
Ratification of the Constitution

Must be Ratified by 9/13 states but only those states will be part of the USA
Federalists
The Constitution was balanced appropriately b/w state and National Govt.
Anti-Federalists
National Govt had too much power and might take away natural rights if its not written down that it wont.
Two Main States that didn't ratify right away
New York
Virginia
Federalist Papers
Letters to the states not ratifying that said to trust the government not to take away rights. The states weren't swayed.
"The Deal"
The final states would ratify only if a Bill of Rights was added immediatly
9/13
Ratification of Constitution amount needed.
Ratification

Article and Section
VII
Amendments

Article and Section
V
National Supremacy

Article and Section
VI
Validity of Debts

Article and Section
VI
Republican Govt.

Article and Section
IV. 4
Guarantees

Article and Section
IV. 4
Adding New States

Article and Section
IV. 3
Privileges and Immunity

Article and Section
IV. 2
Due Process

Article and Section
IV. 2
Relations b/w States

Article and Section
IV
Full Faith and Credit

Article and Section
IV. 1
Religious Test

Article and Section
VI