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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who created the Cotton Gin?
Eli Whitney
What is the process by which voters decide an issue directly for example slavery?
Popular Sovereignty
What is act of formally withdrawing from a nation called?
Secession
Who created the Missouri Compromise?
Speaker of the House Mr. Henry Clay
What is the Agreement that ended the Mexican War in 1848?
The Treaty of Guadalope Hidalgo
The Kansas Nebraska act of 1864 cancelled the ____?
Missouri Compromise
Who created the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
Senator Steven A. Douglas
Who created the Compromise of 1850?
Henry Clay
Which Party was established to prevent the spread of slavery into western territories?
Republican Party
Who won the presidential election of 1860?
Abraham Lincoln
What was the 1st Southern State to secede from the Union?
South Carolina
Which amendment did the Supreme Court use against Dred Scott's case?
the 5th amendment
What is the American History term for taking control of a territory?
Annex
True Or False? Although tobacco, rice, and indigo, were major crops in the early south, cotton was the major crop by the mid 1800's
True
True or False?
Textile mills in the northern U.S. and in England were important customers for southern cotton farmers?
True
True of False?
The growth of cotton farming created a cotton belt in the lower southern and brought new states into the Union?
True
True of false?
Southerners believed that slaves were necessary for cotton farming to be profitable, which encouraged the growth of slavery
True
True Or False? The South became known as the cotton kingdom because many textile mills in the region made cotton cloth for cotton.
False, the South became known as the Cotton Kingdom because of the new easy and profitable way to make cotton and fulfill the people's high demand.
True or False? The Missouri Compromise limited slavery south of 36˚30' North lattitude and the Louisiana Purchase
False, this Compromise limited slavery NORTH of 36˚30' north lattitude
What is manifest destiny?
This was the belief that America was going to expand beyond ocean and develop and experiment with agriculture and new land.

Because many Americans agreed with this belief, the Nationalism in the US grew stronger. Democracy and freedom were rapidly spreading across the new settlements and religion was brought into American Indians lives.
True Or False? Manifest Destiny called for the US to stop westward expansion at the rocky mountains
False, neither the great plains nor the rocky mountains could stop the pioneers from expanding westward
True Or False? The reverand Henry Ward Beecher was the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
False, Harriet Beecher Stowe was the author of the book Uncle Tom's Cabin.
True Or False? In 1854 The Kansas- Nebraska act gave settlers the right to decide whether Kansas and Nebraska would become states
False, the Kansas Nebraska Act gave settlers the right to decide whether Kansas and Nebraska were to become free or slave states
True Or False? According to the Compromise of 1850, slavery was banned in territories that were part of the Mexican Cession.
False, slavery was not banned, they used Popular Sovereignty to decide whether it would be free or slave state.
True Or False? Because of the fugitive slave act, captured slaves were sent to Africa.
False, they were sent back into slavery
Multiple Choice: The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided up the Northwest Territory into 6 square mile sections known as:
a. ordinances
b. counties
c. townships
d. provinces
c. townships
Multiple Choice: According to the Northwest Ordinance:
a. Land in the Northwest Territory would be sruveyd and sold in 640- acre sections
b. The Northwest territory was to be divided into districts
c. Congress would appoint a governer in each district
d.When 5,000 or more voters lived in a district they could elect a legislature.
D. When 5,000 or more voters lived in a district they could elect a legislature
Multiple Choice: The Northwest Ordinance:
a. Provided that when 60,000 free people lived in a district, it could become a state
b. Encouraged settlement of the Northwest Territory by establishing a system for the sale of lands
c. Helped strengthen the nation’s hold o its western lands
d. Created a system for the establishment of new states, though the system was quickly replaced
A. Provided that when 60,000 free people lived in a district, it could become a state
Multiple Choice: The Northwest Ordinance of 1787

a. Freed all slaves within the Northwest Territory
b. Prohibited slavery in the Northwest Territory
c. Allowed slavery in the Northwest Territory
d. Did not mention slavery
B. Prohibited slavery in the Northwest Territory
Multiple Choice: The schools of the Northwest Territory was

a. Supported by a section of land in each township
b. Encouraged by the government
c. Located in neighboring states
d. Provided for because Congress believed they were important to democracy
A. Supported by a section of land in each township
Multiple Choice: List the five states created from the Northwest Ordinance
Ohio, Indiana, Ilinois, Wisconsin and Michigan
Multiple Choice: Which one of the following did farmers not do to increase cotton production?

a. Increase the use of slave labor
b. Expand cotton farming westward
c. Decrease the use of slave labor
d. Develop new, hardier types of cotton
C. Decrease the use of slave labor
Multiple Choice: Which one of the following is not true regarding the cotton gin?

a. It reduced the amount of labor involved in cleaning cotton
b. It reduced the demand for slave labor
c. It helped make the south increasingly dependent on cotton
d. It made cotton a more profitable crop for southern farmers
B. It reduced the demand for slave labor
Multiple Choice: Which one of the following is false regarding the 1820 Missouri Compromise?

a. It allowed Missouri to join the United States as a slave state
b. It outlawed slavery in the Louisiana Purchase north of the 36 30’ north latitude
c. It allowed Missouri to join the United States as a free state
d. It allowed Maine to join the United States as a free state
C. It allowed Missouri to join the United States as free state
Multiple Choice: The vast territory gained by the United States at the end of the Mexican War was called the:

a. Mexican Cession
b. Gadsden Purchase
c. Adams-Onis Treaty
d. Guadalupe Hidalgo
A. Mexican Cession
Multiple Choice: In 1853, the United States paid Mexico 10 million dollars for a strip of land in southern New Mexico and Arizona known as the

a. Mexican Cession
b. Mexican Purchase
c. Adams-Onis Treaty
d. Gadsden Purchase
D. Gadsden Purchacse
Multiple Choice: Under the terms of the Wilmot Proviso, slavery would have been banned in

a. Missouri
b. Louisiana
c. Oregon
d. The territories gained from Mexico
A. Missouri
Multiple Choice: In the 1840s, what did southerners want to do to keep a balance of power in Congress?

a. Elect more southern senators
b. Import more slaves into the United States
c. Abolish slavery
d. Extend slavery into the new territories
A. Elect more southern senators
Multiple Choice: The act that allowed California to enter the Union as a free state was part of

a. Wilmot Proviso
b. The Missouri Compromise
c. The Compromise of 1850
d. The Kansas-Nebraska Act
C. Compromoise of 1850
The Fugitive Slave Act required that

a. Escape slaves were given their freedom
b. Anyone helping an escaped slave would be fined or imprisoned
c. Escaped slaves are taken to Canada
d. Slave catchers be given a reward for their services
B. Anyone helping an escaped slave would be fined or imprisoned
Multiple Choice: In the Dred Scott decision, the Supreme Court stated that the right to own property would be endangered by

a. A ban on slavery in the territories
b. The Fugitive Salve Act
c. Allowing slavery to spread
d. Allowing California to enter the Union as a free state
A. A ban on slavery in the territores
Multiple Choice: What was the main reason Stephen A. Douglas wanted Kansas and Nebraska organized into territories?

a. He wanted to stop the spread of slavery
b. He wanted to make it easier to build a transcontinental railroad
c. He wanted to spread slavery
d. He wanted to add additional states to the Union
B. He wanted to make it easier to build a transcontinental railroad
Multiple Choice: What was the main reason Stephen A. Douglas wanted Kansas and Nebraska organized into territories?

a. He wanted to stop the spread of slavery
b. He wanted to make it easier to build a transcontinental railroad
c. He wanted to spread slavery
d. He wanted to add additional states to the Union
B. He wanted to make it easier to build a transcontinental railroad
Multiple Choice: The Compromise of 1850 appealed to the southern states by

a. Admitting California as a free state and banning the slave trade in the District of Columbia
b. Admitting California as a slave state and adopting a stricter fugitive slave laws
c. Allowing new territories to decide the slavery issue for themselves and adopting a stricter fugitive slave law
d. Allowing runaway slaves to move to Canada
C. Allowing new territories to decide the slavery issue for themselves and adopting a stricter fugitive slave law
Multiple Choice: One part of the Compromise of 1850 that pleased the North was

a. The legalization of slavery in the District of Columbia
b. A stricter fugitive slave law
c. The admission of California as a free state
d. The use of popular sovereignty to decide the slavery issue in he lands gained from Mexico
C. The admission of California as a free state
Multiple Choice: Southerners argued that secession was legal because of the idea of

a. Popular sovereignty
b. States’ rights
c. Liberty
d. Freedom of choice
A. Popular Sovereignty
Multiple Choice: The Freeport Doctrine argued that

a. Slavery should be illegal in all territories because of the Fifth Amendment
b. Slavery should be legal in all territories because of the Fifth Amendment
c. The Dred Scott decision did not apply to African Americans in the North
d. Territorial government could exclude slavery by not writing laws to regulate it
d. Territorial government could exclude slavery by not writing laws to regulate it
Multiple Choice: Abraham Lincoln became president in 1860 by

a. Winning every state
b. Selecting Stephen Douglas as his running mate
c. Carrying only the northern states
d. Running as in independent
C. Carrying only the northern states
The Southern states seceded because they thought Lincoln would

a. Stop the spread of slavery
b. Send military forces in the south
c. Outlaw the Democratic Party
d. End slavery
A. Stop the spread of slavery
Explain the purpose, how the issue of slavery was determined and 2 states created by the Missouri Compromise
The purpose of the Missouri Compromise was an agreement that admited Missouri and Maine into the Union and outlawed slavery in various places. Slavery was determined by having one free state and one slave state to make it balanced. Missouri and Maine were admited
Explain the purpose, how the issue of slavery was determined and 2 states created by the Northest Ordinance
The Northwest ordinance a plan to create a governement of the region north of the ohio river and west of penn. It prohibited slavery in the northwest terriotory. Ohio and Indiana were created
Explain the purpose, how the issue of slavery was determined and 2 states created by the Louisiana Purchase
The purpose was a large purchase of french land west of the mississippi river that doubled the size of the U.S. They gained all of Louissiana, New Orleans and west Florida. It did not deal w/ slavery
Explain the purpose, how the issue of slavery was determined and 2 states created by the Gadsden Purchase
The purpose of the purchase was an agreement that added a strip of mexican land to southern New Mexico and Arizona for $10 million.
What is the novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin" about?
The novel was a criticism of the slave system’s viciousness and inhumanity.
What impact did "Uncle Tom's Cabin" have on Northerners?
It touched the feelings of many northerners and helped harden public opinion against slavery and any compromise with the slave states.
What inspired Stowe to write her novel?
Her objections to the new Fugitive Slave Act
Define manifest destiny.
"Phrase used to describe some Americans' feeling that the entire North American continent could belong to the U.S."