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68 Cards in this Set

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A warrier people who dominated the valley of mexico


land held great things
Aztecs
Long struggle during which spanish christians reconquered the iberian peninsula from muslim occupiers

assisted in tearing europe apart
Reconquista
Martin Luther's Challenge to the catholic church

called for return of what he understood to be purer practices and beliefs of early church

beginning of protestants
Reformation
All european supporters of religious reform under charles Vs holy roman empire
protestants
the belief that God decided at the moment of creation which humans would achieve salvation

split people
predestination
Treaty negotiated between spain and portugal to resolve territorial claims

limited portugal's new world empire to brazil
Treaty of Todesillas
individuals who contracted to serve a master for a period of 4 to 7 years in return for payment of the servant's passage to america
indentured servant
business enterprise in which a group of stockholders pooled their money to engage in trade or to fund colonizing expeditions
joint-stock company
instituted by virginia colony, this system gave 50 acres to anyone who paid his own way into virginia and an additional 50 for anyone he brought along with him.
headright system
legislature of colonial virginia, first institution of representative government in the english colonies
house of burgesses
a colony created when the english monarch granted a huge tract of land to an individual or group who became "lords proprietor"
Proprietary Colony
first law in america to call freedom of worship for all christians
act for religious toleration
of or belonging to the church of england, a protestant denomination
Anglican
members of an off shoot branch of Puritanism, believed that church of england was too corrupt to be reformed and were convince they must "seperate" to save their souls
Separatists
settlers of Plymouth Colony who viewed themselves as spiritual wanderers

signed treaty of alliance with Wampanoags
Pilgrims
conflict between english settlers and Pequot indians over control of land and trade in eastern connecticut
pequot war
a series of laws passed mainly in the southern colonies in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries to define to status of slaves and condify the denial of basic civil rights to them
Slave Codes
Complex plan for organizing colony of carolina.

ensured stability
Fundamental Contributions of Carolina
members of society of friends, radical religious group that arose in the midseventeenth century. rejected formal theology focusing instead on holy spirit that dwelt within them

abandoned church of england
Quakers
William Penn's constitution for pennsylvania whcih included provision allowing for religious freedom

forced many native people to move west
Frame of Government
economic system whereby the government intervenes in the economy for the purpose of increasing national wealth

goal was to achieve balance of trade
Mercantilism
items produced in the colonies and enumerated in acts of Parliament that could legally be shipped from the colony of origin only to specified locations

england's commercial goals were largely achieved
Enumerated products
plan adopted by New England clergy to deal with problem of declining church membership allowing children of baptized parentsto be baptized whether or not their parents had experienced conversion

lessoned strictness
Halfway Covenant
Tremendous religious revival in colonial America striking first in the Middle Colonies and New England and then spreading to the southern colonies

drew colonies closer to england
Great Awakening
People who experienced conversion during revivals of great awakening

split churches
New Lights
James II's failed plan to combine 8 northern colonies into a single large province, to be governed by a royal appointee with no elective assembly
Dominion of New England
Bloodless revolt that occured in england when parliamentary leaders invited william of orange, a protestant, to assume the english throne

religious toleration extended to all protestants
Glorious Revolution
the notion that parliamentary members represented the interests of the nation as a whole, not those of the particular district that elected them
Virtual Representation
the practice whereby elected representatives normally reside in their districts and are directly responisve to local interests
Actual representation
The first anglo-french conflict in north ammerica, the american phase of europes war of the league of Augsburg
King William's war
American phase of europe's war of the spanish succession
Queen Anne's War
Strain of thought (focusing on the threat to personal liberty andthe tacation of property holders) first appearing in England in the late seventeenth century in response to the growth of governmental power and a national debt
Country (Real Whig) Ideology
Seperate peace treaties negotiated by Iroquois diplomats at Montreal and Albany that marked the beginning of Iroquois neutrality in conflicts between french and the british in north america
Grand Settlement of 1701
the third anglo-french war in north america part of the european conflict known as the war of the australian succession
King George's War
Negotiation whereby iroquois indian chiefs sold virginia land speculators the right to trade the forks of the Ohio
Treaty of Lancaster
plan put forward calling for an intercolonial union to manage defense and indian affairs. rejected by albany congress
Albany plan of Union
The last of the Anglo-French colonial wars and the first in which fighting began in north america. the war ended with france's defeat
The French and Indian War
the formal end to british hostilities against france and spain
Treaty of Paris
royal proclamation setting the boundary known as the proclamation line
proclamation of 1763
boundary decreed as part of the proclamation of 1763 that limited british settlements to the eastern side of appalachian mountains
Proclamation Line
acts of parliment requiring colonial legislatures to provide supplies and quarters for troops stationed in america
quartering acts
conflict on the southern frontier between cherokee indians and colonists from virginia southward
Cherokee War
indian uprising led by Pontiac of the Ottawas and Neolin of the Delawares
Pontiac's Rebellion
series of developments that began when the VA legislature modified salaries of anglican clergymen who complained to the crown and sued to recover damages.
Parson's Cause
law passed by parliament to prevent the coloniesfrom issuing legal tender rather than paper money
Currency Act
law passed to raise revenue in the american colonies. lowered the duty from 6 pence to 3 pence per gallon of foreign molasses imported into the colonies and increased restrictions on colonial commerce
Sugar Act
law passed by parliament to raise revenue in america by requiring taxed stamped paper for legal documents, publications, and playing cards
stamp actu
principles procedures and precedants that governed the operation of the british government
British Constitution
Documents issued by court of law that gave british officials in america the power to search for smuggled goods wherever they wished
Writs of assistance
a tactical means of putting economic pressure on britain by refusing to buy its exports to the colonies
Nonimportation movemant
secret organizations in the colonies formed to oppose Stamp Act
Sons of Liberty
meeting of delegates sent by the nine colonies that adopted the declaation of rights and grievances nd petitioned against the stamp act
Stamp Act Congress
asserts that the stamp act and other taxes imposed on the colonists without their consent were uncontitutional
Declaration of Rights and Grievances
law passed to accompany repeal of Stamp Act that stated Parliament had the authority to legislate for the colonies "in all cases however"
Declaratory Act
vigilant groups in western parts of north/south carolina. s carolina regulators attempted to rid area of outlaws, n carolina regulators were more concerned with high taxes and court costs
Regulators
act of parliament imposing duties on colonial tea, lead, paint , paper and glass
Townshend Duty Act
British troops fired on civilians in boston after months of increasing friction between troops and townspeople
Boston Massacre
committees formed in colonies to keep americans informed about british measures that would affect them
Committees of Corespondance
act of parliamet that permitted east india company to sell through agents in america without paying duty custamarily collected in britain thus reducing the retail price
Tea Act of 1773
incident where bostonians disguised as indians destroyed tea belonging to british east india company to prevent payment of the duty on it
Boston Tea Party
legislation passed by parliament

boston port act
Mass Govt act
administration of justic act
quartering act
Coercive Acts
law passed by parliament that provided an appointed govt for canada, enlarged boundaries of quebec, confirmed privileges of catholic church
Quebec Act
american term for coercive acts and quebec act
Intolerable Acts
meeting of delegates from most colonies in response to coercive acts.
First Continental Congress
militant resolves adopted in response to coercive acts by representatives in suffolk county, mass, including boston
Suffolk Resolves
Agreement adopted by first continental congress in response to coercive acts to cut off trade with britain until objectionable measures were repealed
Continental Association
name used by advocates of colonial resistance to british measures
Whigs
A derisive term applied to loyalists in america who supported the king and parliament just before and during american revolution
Tories