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18 Cards in this Set

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The highest-ranking diplomat appointed to represent the President and carry out foreign policy in an assigned country
ambassador
A general pardon given to a group of people who have broken the law.
amnesty
The system by which classified public employees are hired and promoted on the basis of merit rather than political party affiliation.
civil service
The President is called the in his role as head of the nation's military forces.
commander-in-chief
The recognition of a foreign government by exchanging diplomatic representatives
diplomatic recognition
An agreement, not requiring the Senate's approval, between the President of the U.S. and the leader of a foreign government
executive agreement
A rule or regulation issued by the President or another executive official to help enforce a treaty, law, or court ruling
executive order
The right of the President and other top executive officials to refuse to appear before congressional committees and to withhold information from the courts
executive privilege
The U.S. is represented overseas by thousands of diplomatic personnel who are members of this branch of the State Department.
Foreign Service
A President's refusal to spend money appropriated by Congress.
impoundment
The power of a President or governor to reject part of a bill while signing the rest into law
item veto (or, line item veto)
When a President or governor legally releases someone from punishment (including imprisonment)
pardon
The power of the President to declare that a country's diplomatic personnel must leave the U.S. (a Latin term for "unacceptable person")
persona non grata
A President's indirect veto of a bill, exercised by failing to act on it after Congress has adjourned.
pocket veto
When a government official (such as a Justice of the Supreme Court, a President, or a governor) orders a delay in the carrying out of the punishment of a person convicted of a crime.
reprieve
A presidential speech required by the Constitution, customarily given yearly at the beginning of each session of Congress
State of the Union Address
A formal agreement between foreign nations.
treaty
The law, passed by Congress in 1973, restricts the President's use of American troops abroad by requiring him or her to generally get approval from Congress before committing troops to battle zones.
War Powers Act