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53 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Political Culture
the charecteristics and beliefs about government and politics
Liberty
people should be aloud to do as they please as long as this doesnt impose on the rights of others
equality
everyone is equal and deserve equal treatment
self-government
the people are the source of gov. and have a say in how it is run.
politics
the process through which a society makes its governing decisions
constitutionalism
there are definable limits on the power of the government
capitalism
government should have minimul involvement with the economy
authority
the right of an individual or organization to hold power
majoritarianism
the majority rules
pluralism
soieties interest are represented by the groups that are affected
elitism
power is held by a small number of highly influential individuals
the great compromise
two chambers of congress with house appointed by population and the senate equal by states.
norht-south compromise
an economic compromise that settled disputes between north and south states
Anti-Federalist
those who opposed the constitution during ratification
federalist
those who accepted the constitution during ratification
grants of power
governement can only express powers specifically granted
denials of power
listing powers that the govenment is prohibited from using
seperation of powers
division of governments powers into seperate bracnhes
checks and balances
system of divided athority among the american governement
shared legislative power
congress has legislative power which is checked by other branches
shared executive power
president has executive power checked by other branches
shared judicial power
supreme court has judicial power checked by other branches
bill of rights
first 10 amendments to the constitution
republic
elected representatives meet to decide on policy
federalism
authority is divided into two levels of government. Federal and local
unitary system
national government has complete power.
enumerated powers
the 17 powers granted to the national government in the constitution
implied powers
governments authority to exercise powers not expressed in the constitution. nessesary and proper clause
McCulloch v. Maryland
national authority took precedence over state authority
Dred Scott Decision
slaves are property and excluded from citizenship, which led to the start of the civil war
commerce clause
federal governemtn can regulate commerce among states
cooperative federalism
the national, state, and local governments work together to solve problems
fiscal federalism
spending federal funds for state run programs
grants-in-aid
federal cash payments to state run programs
devolution
passing down of authority from national gov. to state and local gov.
clear and present danger
governmetnt can abridge free speach if it creates a clear and present danger to the nations security
symbolic speech
an action done for the purpose of expressing a political opinion
prior restraint
government prohibition of speech before the act
selective incorporation
the incorporation of certain provisions into the bill of rights
libel
publication that falsely damages a persons reputation
slander
spoken words that falsely damage a persons reputation
establishment cause
gov. can not favor religion in any way
free exercise clause
gov. can not interfer with the practice of religion
exclusionary rule
gov is prohibited from using evidence illegally seized
equal protection clause
forbides states to deny equal protection of the laws to an individual
public opinion
the politically relevant opinionsheld by the citizens
public opinion polls
a sample of people are interviewed to represent the whole
sampeling error
a measure of accuracy of a public opinion poll
political socialization
the learning process in which people aquire their political opinion, beliefs, and values
liberals
believe in high gov. responsibility without favor to any values
conservatives
believe gov. does too much and believe in traditional values
libertarians
gov. does too much, and oppose traditinal values
populist
gov. should do more, and believe in traditional values