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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Africa important to am. Popular music?
-all music has African roots, instruments, syncopation
-influenced music. Slave traditions- mixed in with white griot, holistic society-life is more
integrated with music than whites.
-dance, heavy beat-drum dancing-go into trance-religious experience.
-banjo. ”banjar”
-pentatonic scale, microtones, melisma-use of vocables-moaning, no real words.
Why Beatles important?
-ordinary guys, anybody can be in a band
-after kennedy assasained.
-second generation rock music-influenced from early American bands.-->move away from
Bobbies and dullness.. reintroducing new American influence
• Encouraged experimentation
• Beach boys competition =seeing how far can stretch American pop music. Make transition from r.n.r to pop. (pop rock)
• Phil spector worked with them with wall of sound (instruments used to be recorded separately, now they all play together to create a huge sound) massive studio.-> first used them with girl groups (ronny and the ronnettes) ->usually vocals dubbed later
• American rxn to beatles: 1. Charlatans-uniquely American sound. 2. Lots of bands copying the beatles. 3.
Jazz Stlyes- and differences/characteristics?
• Delta blues-
• Cool Jazz-more mystical, smoothness-miles davis, soulful. Still lots of improvisation, miles davis,
• Bebop-jazz trying to be more artsist than entertainiers. Dissonance, much faster, rhythmically abrupt-staccato oriented, Charlie parker, dizzy gillespi, thelonius monk,
• Free jazz-less of a structure-bud powell and monk. Coltraine, ornnette coleman
• Latin jazz- more horns, very heavy on rhythmic beat, clave beat,
• Swing-more swing to it, rhythmic, smooth, 4 4 beat, geared towards dancing, entertainment not art, duke ellington, glenn miller, benny goodman, pianist-cal baisey(sp?)
Various styles of country?
• Bluegrass
• Singing cowboy
• Outlaws-more concerned with the people, no costume, dress like normal, went against the Nashville image. Get back to making music, roots, -jesse james, billy the kid, willie nelson, earl haggard, whaling Jennings,
Difference b/t hard rock and heavy metal?
• Hard rock had lots more stylistic opportunities,
• Hard rock had a larger audience than heavy metal’s young white men.
• Hard rock had more variety of vocals, metal more screaming
• Heavy metal always had double bass drum
• Hard rock had more harmonic sophistication
• Heavy metal had more specific topics: death, occult, etc.
• Heavy meatl relied on blues roots- b/c so much more forumulaic than hard rock. Became very contracted and compact formula
• Hard rock artist: Steppenwolf (coined the term heavy metal thunder-pretty much coined the sound), led zeppelin, crème and Hendrix, (these three lied down groundwork for hard rock mvmt), aerosmith-power ballad-now all metal bands have to have some sort of ballad,
Punk
• Velvet underground-seemed to symbolize what punk would be
• The Ramones- first band to officially recognized as punk, started at CBGBS (gathering place for punks), typical punk band
• New York Dolls-first to look like a punk band
• The Stooges, MC5-
• Punk music characteristics: attitude of we dotn care,
Funk
• Relay big bass beats, not so much melodic, scratchy,
• Motwon, soul, funkall at same time-whites weren’t doing (??)
• Steview wonder crated more groove sound.
• Funk-big horn section. Use synthesizers a lot, heavy on rhythm.
• James Brown-hardest working man in showbusiness. Started as R&B, soul, than funk.
• Vocals influenced by gospel—lots of vocal styles within the song
• Narcs and the preps-preps listen to beatles, narcs listen to temptations and Motown. Co-existed.
• Barry Gordy created Motwon b/c keep R& bin the music, but wanted to keep color out. Wanted the sound of young America. Accessible to everybody. Wouldn’t just be white or black music.
Social impact on pop
• Minstrelsy-associate with different group.
• Music of the 20s-great depression-tin pan alley became popular. Get minds off of depression.
• Early dance music-oikay to bring people to a dance, dance halls-commodification-sell the dance. , cocktails, lines like “picking up”, influenced creation of modern dance hall-changed social relations in America, women took different role-independent, social intercourse, new rules created, affected fashion-don’t go dancing in work clothes,
• Young groups go against older generations. –jazz age, beat generation, pachuco culture, punk, 60s music.
Ragtime
• Father of ragtime=scott Joplin –major composer
• Syncopation-“raggning” the keys, left time was always the beat-piano, right hand=melody.
• Led into march-brass band-john phillip sousa.
• Structure of ragtime: that is found in marches: rags and marches were called “Trio”-one part that is repeated, second part that is repeated, third part that would be repeated. Varation on first part-cadence-ending.
• Ragtime would change tempo