• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/43

Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Great Plains
broad expanse of prairie, steppe and grassland which lie west of the Mississippi River and east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States and Canada.
Crowd Nobody
Part of a speech that Horace Greeley gave, claiming that by movie out West you will crowd out nobody and harm nobody.
Indian Country
The land west of the Mississippi that served as one large reservation.
Chivington Massacre
1864, Chief Black Kettle led his tribe to camp on Sand Creek when they were attacked by Colorado Militia.
Red Cloud
Sioux Chief who wanted to stop the Bozeman Trail that cut through Sioux hunting territory.
Fetterman Massacre
December 1866-Red Cloud lured Cpt. Fetterman into wilderness and killed all 82 troops. Caused skepticism over countried Indian Policy.
Buffalo Soldiers
9/10th regiments of soldiers (Black and White) to protect farms, stages, trains and work crews.
Red River War
1874-75; Buffalo Soldiers crushed rampaging Kiowa and Comanche Indians.
Sitting Bull
Well-respected Sioux chief/medicine man-last to surrender to White man. Led people to CA for a time.
Crazy Horse
1875-led Sioux with Sitting Bull to stop mining rush into Black Hills. 1876-Custer's Last Stand.
George Armstrong Custer
Custer's Last Stand-1876 Little Bighorn River, he and entire regiment slaughtered by band of indians due to poor judgement on his part.
7th Cavalry
Cavalry that was at Little Big Horn
Nez Perce Tribe
Plains Indians led by Chief Joseph; nearly fled to Canada; Appaloosa Horses.
Chief Joseph
Chief of Nez Perce; led tribe in nearly succesfull attempt to escape to Canada
Wovoka
Paiute messiah who saw visions that told him to perform/teach the Ghost Dance
Ghost Dance
indians believed that dancing the Ghost Dance would bring together all Native Americans, the Buffalo would return, white men dissapear.
Wounded Knee Massacre
Army attempr to stop dances, Sitting Bull killed; Native Americans flee to Big Foot's group of Ghost Dancers but were tracked down, taken to army camp where a struggle broke out and killed aprox 200 m,w, and ch.
Assimilation
the attempt to eradicate tribal society and turn N.A more like Whites.
Court of Indian Offenses
1882, created by congress because Indians no longer had chiefs/judicial systems-used for those N.A who broke gov. laws
Dawes Severalty Act
1887-aimed to end tribal life; 160/80/40 acre land plots to each Indian family/man/child
EXTERMINATION OF THE BUFFALO
Whites killed for sport, did not use all or any of buffalo-harm indians=harm buffalo
BUFFALO BILL CODY
professional Buffalo Hunter; 1883-began wild west show useing romanticised version of Indians/plains
GOLD RUSH OF 1849
began rush of pioneers to Oregon/California
OVERLAND TRAIL
trail used to get to Oregon/California; people walked, rode horses or took wagon trains
HOMESTEAD ACT OF 1862
gave away 48 mil acres, sold 100 mil to private citizens, 128 mil to railroad companies
TIMBER CULTURE ACT OF 1873
attempt to adjust homestead act so it would work better. 160 acres if plant trees on quarter of it w/in four years of settlement
TIMBER AND STONE ACT OF 1878
used for land not conducive to civilize beyond lumber and stone. allow anyone in CA, OR, WA to buy land 2.5 an acre
NATIONAL RECLAMATION ACT
1902-set aside most proceeds from lands in W. states to finance irrigation
"HYDRAULIC" SOCIETY
created from dams, canals and irrigation systems.
ROMUALDO PACHECO
1875-seve as gov. of CA and went to Congress
LAS GORRAS BLANCAS
secret org. of Spanish-Am attack movement of of Anglo Ranchers. cut fences, scatter livestock.
INSTANT CITIES"
cities that appeared extremely quickly due to gold rushes, railroads and other opportunites
PLACER MINING
to gert gold; not much skill or money needed to begin.
COMSTOCK LODE
Nevada ore (blackish blue) almost entirely gold/silver; Henry P.T Comstock talked his way into partnership of claim
CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT
Forbade Chinese from immigrating to America for 10 yrs
FOREIGN MINERS TAX
required all non-white miners to purchase mining license
VAQUEROS
original 'Cowboys'-Mexican; perfected use of brands, roundups, and roping
WYOMING STOCK GROWERS ASSOCIATION
largest/strongest association used to enforce rules for cowboys.
EXODUSTERS
Black families who moved to west in hopes of better/les segragated life
DRY FARMING
farming technique to help compensate for lack of water.
NATIONAL GRANGE
167 founded by Oliver h. Kelley who wanted to bring social, cultural, and educationalactivites to West.
BONANZA FARMS
1870s-huge famrs run by new machinary disintegrated in 1885/1890 due to little/no rain
TURNER'S THESIS
believed West shaped individualism, charcterand customs; foster invention/adaptation