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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Jurisdiction + 4 types
the right to interpret and apply the law; a court's range of authority
-exclusive, concurrent, original, and appellate j-
exclusive jurisdiction
the authority of the federal courts alone to hear and rule in certain cases
concurrent jurisdiction
the authority to hear cases shared by federal and state courts
original jurisidiction
the court's authority to hear and decide a case for the first time
appelllate jurisdiction
the court's authority to hear cases on appeal
civil law
the type of law dealing with the rights and relationships of private citizens
plaintiff
a person who files suit in c civil case
defendent
one against whom a legal charge has been made
criminal law
the type of law dealing with crimes and providing for their punishment
judicial review
the power of the courts to establish the constitutionality of national, state, or local acts of govt
strict constructionist
the view that judges ought to base their decisions on a carrow interpretation of the language of the Constitution
loose constructionist
the ciew that judges have considerable freedom in interpreting the Constitution
consitutional law
the type of law relating to the interpretation of the Constitution
writ of mandamus
a court order that commands a govt official to take a particular action
constitutional court
a federal court with condtitutionality based pwrs and whose judges serve for life. (Supreme Court, courts of appeals, and the district courts
legislative court
a specialized court established to hear cases about and execute the legislative pwrs of Congress
- Court of Military Appeals
- US Claims Court
- Courts of the District of Columbia
- Territorial Courts
- COurt of Veterans Appeals
- US Tax Court
grand jury
a group of ppl who evaluate whether there is enough evidence against a person to order him or her to stand trial - made up of 16-23 ppl
petit jury
a jury that decides an individual's innocence or guilt;a trial jury - made up of 6-12 ppl
Federal Judges
 9 supreme court members
 Supreme Court Chief Justice is William Rehnquist
 Judges selected based on experience, background, party affiliation, political ideology, race, gender, and senatorial courtesy
senatorial courtesy
practice in which a presidential nomination is submitted initially for approval to the senators from the nominee's state
writ of certiorari
litterally, "made more certain"; an order from a higher court requiring a lower court to send the record of a case for review
majority opinion
the ciew of the SC justices who afree with a particular ruling
dissenting opinion
a SC opinion by one of more justices in the minority who oppose the ruling
concurring opinion
a SC opinion by one or more justices who agree with the majority's conclusion butwish to offer differing
precedent
a judicial decision and that is used as a standard in later similar cases
writ of certiorari
"made more certain" - an order from a higher court requiring a lower court to send the record of a case for review
majority opinion
the view of the SC justices who agree with a prticular ruling
dissenting opinion
a SC opinion by one or more justices in the minority who oppose the ruling
concurring opinion
a SC opinion by one or more justices who agree with the majority's conclusion but wish to offer differing reasons
precedent
a judicial decision that is used as a standard in later similar cases