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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the power tomake law and to frame public policies
legislative power
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
executive power
the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society
judicial power
the ultimate responsibility for the exercise of powers is held by a single person or by a small group
dictatorship
when the exercise of powers rests with a majority of the people
democracy
What are the four characteristics of a state?
population, territory, sovereignty, and government
a supreme rule and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreigh and domestic policies
sovereign
English phillosopher that concluded, "Without government.... life would be solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short."
Thomas Hobbes
Believed men are by nature, free, equal, and independent. Wrote two tratises onn the government discussing the responsibilities of the government.
John Locke
a member of a nation
citizen
someone who is not a citizen but is here legally or illegally
alien
The new organization in charge of citizenship and immigration.
USCIS
What are three theories on government?
force, evolution, divine right
Developed Locke's ideas further, people have obligation to overthrow unfair governments.
Rousseau
The people pick a legislative body and legislative picks one of themselves to be prime minister.
Parlimentary system
Pick legislative and executive branch separately.
Presidential system.
A centralized government, all powers held by the government belong to a single central agency.
unitary government
A government where the powers are divided between a central government and several local governments.
federal government
An alliance of independent states. The states hold most of the power.
confederation
An economic system characterized by the private ownership of capital goods.
free enterprise system
An economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion.
mixed economy
The ideas that government is not all-powerful. Individual rights.
limited government
The idea that the government should serve the will of the pople.
representative government
1215 English Document that was signed by King John.
Magna Carta
What were some fundamental rights gaurunteed by the Magna Carta?
trial by jury, due process of law, no arbitraty taking of life liberty or property
1628 document signed by Charles I.
Petition of Right
What was primised under the petition of right?
Limited kings power and outlawed martial law or forced quartering of troops.
The document signed by William and Mary in 1688
The English Bill of Rights
What was promised under the English Bill of Rights?
No standing army in peacetime, free parlimentary elections, right to a fair trial, no excessive bail or cruel and unusual punishments.
A written grant of authority from the king.
charter
A two house legislature?
bicameral
Colonies organized by a person to whom the king had made a grant of land.
proprietary
A one house legistlautre
unicameral
Which states had bicameral and unicameral legislatures.
Maryland and Deleware bi-, Pennsylvania, uni-
A joining of several groups for a common purpose.
confederation
What did the Albany plan include?
The formation of an annual congress of representatives that would have the power to carry out the countries affairs.
A convention in New York that drafted the Declaration of Rights and Grievances.
The Stamp Act Congress
A convention in Philidelphia that protested the intollerable act and drafted a Declaration of rights to King George III.
The first Continental Congress
A convential in Phillidelphia that met after the Revolution had begun.
The Second Contintal Congress
The principle that government can only exist with the consent of the governed.
popular sovereignty
Precursor to the constitution.
Articles of confederation
The member of congress chosen to be president each year by congress under the articles of confederation.
presiding officer
What were some weaknesses of the articles of confederation?
The congress did not have the power to tax, regulate trade, or make the states obey the articles of the confederation.
Called for a bicameral legilature with the number of state legislatures based on state size.
Virgina plan
Unicameral legislature that wanted equal state representation.
New Jersery Plan
Compromise that agreed to have a 2 house legislature with one house represented based on size and one house with two from each state.
The Conneticut Compromise/ The Great Compromise
The group that favored ratifying the constitution.
federalists
The group opposed to ratifying the constitution
the anit-fedralists
Which was the first state to ratify?
Delaware
Which was the last state to ratify?
New York
A majority
quorum
Tyranical king forced to sign the magna carta.
King John
King and Queen that ushered in the "glorious revolution"
William and Marry
The practice the British practiced of mainly leaving Americans alone.
Salutary Neglect