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65 Cards in this Set

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Superior
toward the head end or upper part of structure or the body; above
inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or body; below
anterior
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
posterior
toward or at the backside of the body; behind
medial
toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
lateral
away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
intermediate
between a more medial and a more lateral structure
proximal
close to the origin if the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
distal
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body tunk
superficial
toward or at the body surface
deep
away from the body surface; more internal
abdominal
anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
acromial
point of shoulder
antecubital
anterior surface of elbow
axillary
armpit
brachial
arm
buccal
cheek area
carpal
wrist
cervical
neck region
coxal
hip
crural
leg
digital
fingers, toes
femoral
thigh
fibular
lateral part of leg
inguinal
area where thigh meets body trunk; groin
nasal
nose area
oral
mouth
orbital
eye area
patellar
anterior knee
pelvic
area overlying the pelvis anteriorly
pubic
genital region
sternal
breastbone area
tarsal
ankle region
thoracic
chest
umbilical
navel
cephalic
head
deltoid
curve of shoulder formed by large deltoid muscle
gluteal
buttock
lumbar
area of back between ribs and hips
occipital
posterior surface of head
popliteal
posterior knee area
sacral
area between hips
scapular
shoulder blade region
sural
the posterior surface of lower leg; the calf
vertebral
area of spine
section
cut
plane
when a section is made through an organ, its made along an imaginary line
sagital section
a cut made along the lengthwise, or longitudal, plane of the boy
median
when the cut is made down the median plane of the body and the right and left parts are equal in size
frontal section
a cut made along a lengthwise plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
transverse section
(converse section)
a cut made along a horizontal plane, dividing the body or organ into superior and inferior parts
cranial cavity
(dorsal body cavity)
the space inside the bony skull
spinal cavity
(dorsal body cavity)
this extends from the cranial cavity to the end of the vertebral column
thoracic cavity
(ventral body cavity)
separated from the rest of the ventral cavity by a dome shaped muscle, the diaphragm
diaphragm
any wall separating one area from another
abdominopelvic cavity
the cavity inferior to the diaphragm
abdominal cavity
a subdivision part of the abdominopelvic cavity, containing the stomach, liver, intestines, and other organs
pelic cavity
with the reproductive organs, bladder, and rectum.
umbilical region
centermost region, deep to and surrounding the umbilicus(navel)
epigastric region
located superior to the umbilical region, upon; above
hpogastric(pubic) region
is inferior to the umbilical region (below)
Right and Left iliac, Inguinal regions
are lateral to the hypogastric region (superior part of hip bone0
Right and Left lumbar regions
lie lateral to to the umbilical region (lumbus=loin)
Right and Left hypochondriac regions
flank the epigastric region and contain the lower ribs
quadrants
right upper
right lower
left upper
left lower
quadrants divides the abominopelvic cavity into 4 more or less equal regions. simply named according to their relative positons