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30 Cards in this Set

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What is the purpose of the Acid Phosphatase test?
Detects invasive or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
What does high activities of Acid Phosphatase indicate
Tumour extension beyond the prostate capsule,
metastatic spread
What does Albumin testing detect
1. Hydration
2. Nutritional status
3. Protein losing disorders
4. Liver disease
Explain Alpha fetoprotein testing
Detects and monitors hepatocellular carcinoma and some other types of tumours
Discuss high activites of Amylase
Found with acute pancreatitis
Adenovirus testing
detects an atypical pneumonia
Brucella testing
1. Pyrexia of Unknown Origin _ (PUO)
2. History of exposure to Brucella
Psittacosis
Chlamydia psittaci
detects an atypical pneumonia
Coxielli burnetii
Q fever
atypical pneumonia
CMV
Cytomegalovirus
Infectious mononucleosis syndrome (glandular fever) when the glandular fever test is negative
EBV
Epstein-Barr Virus
indicates infectious mononucleosis
HSV
Herpes simplex virus
test is useful in suspected primary HSV infections
Hydatid
Echinococcus granulosus
(Lavae of tapeworm)
indicates possible hydatid disease
Mycomplasma pneumoniae
atypical pneumonia
Ross River Virus
confirms Ross River Virus
Useful in establishing an epidemic polyarthritis
Toxoplasma gondii
Investigation of possible congenital toxoplasmosis, PUO, lymphadenopathy or mononucleosis syndromes (if the infectious mononucleosis screen is negative)
AST
Aspartate transaminase
Explain high values of AST
1. Liver disease
2. Myocardial or skeletal muscle damage
Autoantibody testing
DNA
Confirm the diagnosis and monitor patients with SLE - Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
SLE
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Autoantibody testing - Gastric parietal cell
Aid diagnosis of gastric atrophy in pernicious anaemia
Autoantibody testing -
Intrinsic factor
Useful in the diagnosis of pernicious anaemia
Autoantibody testing -
Smooth muscle
Useful in the diagnosis of autoimmune chronic hepatitis.
Explain Bicarbonate testing -
total Carbon Dioxide - HCO3
Useful in the detection of Acid based disorders
Increased Bicarbonate would indicate
metabolic alkalosis
Decreased Bicarbonate would indicate
metabolic acidosis
High levels of Biliburin
1. hepatocellular disease
2. biliary disease
3. heamolysis
Blood Film
base component of a haematology assessment
includes Full blood examination (FBC), haemoglobin (Hb), white cell count (WCC) platelet count
WCC
White Cell Count
Hb
Haemoglobin