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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Alliance for Progress
Program of economic aid to Latin America during the Kennedy administration
Bays of Pigs
Site in Cuba of an unsuccessful landing by 1,400 anti-Castro Cuban refugees in April 1961.
Berlin blockage
300 day Soviet blockade of land access to the United States, British, and French occupation zones in Berlin, 1948-49
Berlin Wall
Wall erected by East Germany in 1961 and torn down in 1989 that isolated West Berlin from the surrounding areas in Communist- controlled East Berlin and East Germany.
Brown versus Board of Education of Topeka
Supreme Court decision in 1954 that declared that “separate but equal” schools for children of different races violated the Constitution.
Central Intelligence Agency
Agency that coordinates the gathering and evaluation of military and economic information on other nations, established in 1947.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Federal legislation that outlawed discrimination in public accommodations and employment on the basis of race, skin color, sex, religion, or national origin.
Cold War
The political and economic confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States that dominated world affairs from 1946 to 1989.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Civil rights group formed in 1942 and committed to nonviolent civil disobedience, such as the 1961 “freedom rides.”
Containment
The policy of resisting further expansion of the Soviet bloc through diplomacy and, if necessary, military action, developed in 1947-48.
Board of three professional economists established in 1946 to advise the president on economic policy.
Council of Economic Advisers
Dixiecrats
Southern Democrats who broke from the party in 1948 over the issue of civil rights and ran a presidential tickets as the States’ Rights Democrats.
Federal Highway Act of 1956
Measure that provided federal funding to build a nationwide system of interstate and defense highways
Freedom Summer
Voter registration effort in rural Mississippi organized by black and white civil rights workers in 1964.
GI Bill of Rights
Legislation in June 1944 that eased the return of veterans into American society by providing educational and employment benefits.
Great Society
Theme of Lyndon Johnson’s administration, focusing on poverty, education, and civil rights.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Congressional resolution in August 1964 that authorized the president to take all necessary measures to protect South Vietnam, after reports of North Vietnamese attacks on US navy ships in the Gulf of Tonkin off North Vietnam.
House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC)
Congressional Committee (1938-1975) that investigated suspected Nazi and Communist sympathizers.
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International organization established in 1945 to assist nations in maintaining stable currencies.
Korean War
War between North Korea and South Korea (1950-1953) in which the People’s Republic of China fought on the side of North Korea and the United States and other nations fought on the side of South Korea under the auspices of the United Nations.
New Frontier
John F. Kennedy’s domestic and foreign policy initiatives, designed to reinvigorate a sense of national purpose and energy.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Military alliance of the United States, Canada, and European nations created in 1949 to protect Europe against possible Soviet aggression.
Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO)
Federal agency that coordinated many programs of the War on Poverty between 1964 and 1975.
Redlining
Restricting mortgage credit and insurance to properties in neighborhoods defined as being high risk.
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)-
Mutual defense alliance signed in 1954 by the United States, Britain, France, Thailand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)-
Black civil rights organization founded in 1957 by Martin Luther King Jr., and other clergy.
Southern Manifesto
A document signed by 101 members of Congress from southern states in 1956 that argued that the Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka itself contradicted the Constitution.
Student NonViolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)-
Black civil rights organization founded in 1960 and drawing heavily on younger activists and college students.
Taft-Hartley Act
Federal legislation of 1947 that substantially limited the tools available to labor unions in labor management disputes.
Truman Doctrine-
President Harry Truman’s statement in 1947 that the United States should assist other nations that were facing external pressure or internal revolution; an important step in the escalation of the Cold War.