Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Was Alexander the Great a Hero? Reason A
He unified all of Greece by putting down the rebellion in Thebes. He also showed compassion towards some of the rebels, including some of the Theban citizens, including several priests and the family of a Theban poet.
Was Alexander the Great a Hero? Reason B
Alexander was welcomed in Egypt as a savior instead of an invader. He was enthroned as a king and founded the Greek city of Alexandria, which became a center for learning and Greek and Near Eastern culture.
Was Alexander the Great a Hero? Reason C
Alexander defeated the mighty Persian army at the Battle of Issus, and he conqured the Persian empire courageously. He showed respect fot the natives of Persia by appointing Persian governers and allowing them to practice their religion.
Was Alexander the Great a Hero? Reason D
Alexander defeated the army of Indian king Porus by overcoming heavy rains and the army's use of elephants. He also was interested in Indian culture and religion so he closely questioned the Indian holy men to learn more about Hinduism.
Was Alexander the Great a Villain? Reason A
Alexander brutally put down the attempt of the people of Thebes to declare their independence and freedom. His forces killed 6,000 Thebans, sold more than 20,000 citizens into slavery, and destroyed the entire city.
Was Alexander the Great a Villain? Reason B
Alexander founded the sire of Alexandria, but played no role in the growth of the city. The emphasis on Greek culture and scholarship excluded the Egyptians from any key role in the city's development.
Was Alexander the Great a Villain? Reason C
Alexander's military campaign against Persia was brutal and relentless, without regard for the casualties of the Persians or his own troops. He plundered the riches of Persepolis, Persia's great capital, and burned it to the ground, destroying a magnificent center of Persian culture.
Was Alexander the Great a Villain? Reason D
Alexander spent three years ruthlessly putting down any resistance in India, slaughtering males and selling females and children into slavery. His campaigns into deepest India, despite horrible weather conditions, finally caused his own troops to demand that he turn around and return home.
Backround info about Alexander the Great
Alexander was born in 356 B.C in the kingdom of Macedonia. He lived to the age of 32 and ruled the largest empire the world the ever seen. The empire stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus River. He died in Babylon in 323 B.C.
Key Events in Alexander's Military Career - Event A: Alexander in Thebes
In 335 B.C., the city-state of Thebes revolted and declared its independence from Macdedonian rule. Alexander the Great, ruler of Macedonia and all of Greece, traveled to Thebes with 30,000 troops and crushed the revolt. After the battle, Alexander's troops destroyed the city of Thebes.
Key Events in Alexander's Military Career - Event B: Alexander in Egypt
In 332 B.C., Alexander the Great and his forces arrived in Egypt. They met no resistance in the country, and the Egyptians enthroned Alexander as king. In early 331 B.C., Alexander made a journey to a desert oasis, where he claimed the Oracle of Ammon identified him as the true son of the Greek God Zeus. Before he left, Alexander founded a city northwest of Memphis, and named if after himself: Alexandria.
Key Events in Alexander's Military Career - Event C: Alexander in Persia
In 334 B.C., Alexander the Great set out to conquer the Persian Empire, the most powerful empire in the world. Thousands were killed in the many battles. At the Battle of Issus, Alexander's forces defeated the Persian army led by King Darius III. After capturing and destroying the Persian capital, Alexander became the unquestioned ruler of the Persian empire.
Key Events in Alexander's Military Career - Event D: Alexander in India
In 327 B.C., Alexander the great led his forces across the Hindu Kush mountains and entered India. Over the next three years, his troops fought many battles to conquer various Indian rulers. Macedonians and Indians suffered heavy casualties. Alexander closely questioned the Brahmins, or holy men, to learn about Hinduism. After a victory at the Battle of River Hydaspes, Alexander's troops began the long journey home to Macedonia.