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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Where is ethanol absorbed? distributed?
absorbed in the stomach and GI, distributed in the total body water
Which enzymes are involved in alcohol metabolism?
alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase
What are alcohol's CNS effects?
acts as both a stimulant and depressant; apparent stimulatory effects come from depression of inhibitory control mechanisms
What are the stages of alcohol withdrawal?
1. minor withdrawal
2. intermediate withdrawal
3. major withdrawal
How is diazepam used in the treatment of alcoholism?
help fight seizures
How does disulfiram (Antabuse) work?
inhibits acetaldehyde dehydrogenase
What is haloperidol?
used to treat hallucinations; diazepam is given in conjunction since haloperidol lowers the seizure threshold
What is naltrexone?
a competitive opioid antagonist given to decrease cravings, mean drinking days, and relapse rates
How are the effects of alcohol staged?
1. acute effects
2. chronic effects
3. withdrawal effects