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22 Cards in this Set

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Missouri Compromise
ended the debate over whether Missouri should be admitted as a slave state or a free state ended the debate over whether Missouri should
Compromise of 1850
Congress would admit California as a free state, the unorganized territory of the West would be admitted as free territory, but the Utah and New Mexico Territories would be open to slavery by popular sovereignty.
Fugitive Slave Laws
mandated that northern states forcibly return slaves to their owners in the South; these laws were very unpopular in the North.
Popular sovereignty
as applied to slavery, popular sovereignty meant that the people living in the area would vote on whether or not to allow slavery
Jefferson Davis
Mississippi Congressmen who was a strong supporter of slavery and states' rights; became the fIrst president of the Confederacy although he had opposed secession
Neutrality
taking neither one side nor the other
Charles Sumner
a Republican Senator from Massachusetts who opposed the violence of the pro-slavery forces in Kansas. After criticizing Senator Andrew Butler from Kansas, Butler's nephew beat Sumner with a cane so severely that he could not appear on the floor of the Senate for three years.
Tariff
a tax levied on foreign companies bringing products into the United States to sell them.
John Brown
took his fIerce abolitionist ideas to the South where he hoped to arm slaves and lead them in a rebellion. One night he led a band of followers to seize an arsenal (a place for making or storing weapons and munitions) at Harper's Ferry, Virginia; he was captured by federal troops, found guilty oftreason, and hung
Stephen Douglas
ran against and debated Abraham Lincoln for a Senate seat in Illinois. In a series of public debates, their verbal skills and the importance of the issues argued brought attention to this local election, and to the little-known Lincoln.
Kansas-Nebraska Act
allowed the previously free and unorganized territories of Kansas and Nebraska to choose whether or not to permit slavery. This act inflamed the smoldering slavery question by, in effect, repealing the Missouri Compromise
Bleeding Kansas
Kansas became known as "Bleeding Kansas" as armed clashes between pro-slavery forces and abolitionist settlers became commonplace
West Virginia
the western counties of Virginia were often in conflict with the rest of the state. When Virginia seceded, the counties in western Virginia protested and formed a separate government loyal to the Union. In 1863, this group of counties became known as West Virginia.
Montgomery, Alabama
was the capitol of the Confederate States of America.
Confederate States of America
new union formed from the seven states that seceded from the Union; the delegates formed a new constitution with a stronger emphasis on states' rights.
Secede
to leave the Union
Winston County, Alabama
the people in this region were the poorest and least tied to the slave­dominated economy of southern Alabama. They drafted a resolution to the governor stating their neutrality; however, Confederates in the area interpreted this to mean that they were siding with the North. Many fled into the mountains as soldiers began confIscating their property.
Dred Scott Decision
the result of a lawsuit for his freedom fIled by the slave Dred Scott after his master took him to a free state. The ruling established that slave owners had the right to bring slaves into free territories and states; further, the federal government would protect that right, including bringing runaway slaves back to their masters.
Anaconda Plan
a plan to compel the Southern states to rejoin the Union; its aim was to (a) invade the South, (b) destroy the South's ability to wage war, and (c) lower morale of the South so the South would no longer fight.
­Northwest Territory
up of what is now Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Washington, and part of Minnesota, it was far from the eastern markets that brought its grain and cattle. It relied on internal improvements to transport its goods, so it supported the Northeast's demands for high tariffs.
Fort Sumter
the attack here by Confederate soldiers began the Civil War
President Buchanan
he blamed the abolitionists and the North's unrelenting agitation against the South for the critical condition of the nation. He chose a course of inaction because (a) violence toward the South would precipitate war, (b) other compromise efforts needed time to develop, (c) Republicans could resolve the situation as they wished, and (d) he had inadequate military forces to defend federal property. He did not recognize the Confederacy as a new nation