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26 Cards in this Set

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Reservations
tiny parcels of marginal land where Native Americans were expelled to when white settlers wanted their land
Tariff of 1816
raised tariffs on imports by 20 percent
Utopia
a community that would be harmonious and provide the world with the best example of how to live
Alabama in 1819
Alabama was admitted as a slave state in 1819 restoring the balance if slave states and free states
Erie Canal (1825)
provided a new shipping route from Buffalo, NY, to Albany, NY. The canal's success contributed to establishing New York City as the major commercial center of the United States.
Spoils system
the policy, openly allowed by Andrew Jackson, of allowing friends and supporters to have high positions in public office
Frederick Douglass
the most prominent African American speaker for the abolition of slavery.
Andrew Jackson
the fIrst man to rise from poverty to the office of President. People elected Jackson because they thought he represented the common man
Monroe Doctrine
a nonintervention policy in which the U.S. declared it would not interfere in the internal affairs of European countries or in independent countries in the Americas.
Robert Fulton
used a steam-powered boat to travel up the Hudson River from New Jersey; boats are now able to go up the river as well as down
National Road
stretched westward from Cumberland, Maryland, to Wheeling, Virginia. Under Henry Clay's initiative, the National Road extended further West to Vandalia, Illinois
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin, a machine that separated the seeds from the cotton; the gin made cotton the most profitable crop in the South
Manifest Destiny
The belief that it was God's will for the United States to expand and eventually possess the entire continent.
James Monroe
a Democratic-Republican and the fifth president of the United States; during his presidency, the country experienced political unity
Lewis & Clark
led an expedition to find a water route to the Pacific Ocean. This exploration led to the rapid migration of settlers to the Pacific Northwest
Henry Clay
proposed (a) a protective tariff (tax on imports) to keep American manufacturing growing, (b) internal improvements (better canals and roadways), and (c) a strong national bank.
Suffragettes
women who supported the right to vote
Trail of Tears
the forced removal of five Native American nations (Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Cherokees, and Seminoles) and relocation to present-day Oklahoma. Over one quarter of the people died on this "Trail of Tears" from disease, starvation, and exposure to the bitter cold.
Sacagawea
a very talented Native American Shoshone woman who became translator and guide to Lewis & Clark on their expedition to find a water route to the Pacific Ocean.
Quakers
another community whose objective was to keep religious purity by living a life of simplicity and hard work
Temperance Movement
members of this movement wanted to monitor the use of alcohol; later, they advocated total abstinence from alcohol.
Indian Removal Act
an act proposed by Andrew Jackson and passed by Congress forcing the removal of five Native American nations (Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Cherokees, and Seminoles) to reservations in present-day Oklahoma.
Doctrine of Nullification the doctrine that states "If Congress passes a bill that is very harmful to a particular state, that state is not obligated to enforce the federal law. In addition, if three-fourths of the states believe such a law to be unconstitutional, the law will be null and void."
"Era of Good Feelingthe national unity and optimistic mood during James Monroe's presidency
Abolitionist movement
a movement to put an end to slavery
Underground Railroad not actually a railroad, the Underground Railroad was a network of people who helped slaves escape to the northern United States or Canada