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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Islam
religion that begin in Arabian peninsula in 7th century
Muslim
those who practice Islam
mosque
place of worship for muslimsq
calligraphy
beautiful writing
minaret
pointed towers of Islamic architecture used to announce prayer time
mihrab
niche used in mosques to show which direction Mecca is
arabesque
elaborate, intricate designs of Islamic art
Indus civilization
now died out, found in an archeological dig, were literate but no translation, created major cities along Indus river
samsara
reincarnation, cycle of souls, every animate being has a soul
nirvana
ultimate exultation of soul, becoming one with universal soul
Buddha
enlightened one, thought to achieve nirvana
bodhisattva
hard to achieve nirvana, deliberately delayed nirvana to help others achieve nirvana, devine being
Ashoka
great general, converted India to Buddhism, made great columns marking holy places around India
mudra
in buddhist and Hindo iconography, stylized and symbolic hand gesture
stupa
large mound shaped Buddhist shrine
chaitya hall
an Indian rock-cut temple hall having a votice stupa at one end
mandala
acred diagram of the universe
Gandhara
region in eastern Afghanistan and north-west Pakistan centered on the Swat River (see Udyana) and Kabul River, tributaries of the Indus River. Its primary cities were Peshawar and Taxila.
Guptan dynasty
empire in nort central India, Pataliputra as capital, best emporer chandragupta, great patrons of art and literature
Ajanta
caves built here, carved out of mountainside, lots of buddha imagery found here, northeast of bombay, site of small buddhist monastery
shiva
Hindu god called the Destroyer. Shiva is the third member of the triad
Vishnu
preserver of the world, frequently shown with four arms, and he holds the discus, mace, conchshell, and lotus, lies asleep at ocean floor
Shiva Nataraja
means lord of the dance, portable bronze figure, when hindus worship it, they dress it ,cover it with jewels, and flowers, treat the figure as a living being
Mughal empire
muslim prince defeated last of Ghorid sultans and delcared himself ruler, 16th century
Khmer dynasty
dynasty of Cambodia, had control of much of souteast asia
jade
rock of far east, magic by ancient chinese, very hard
handscroll
long horizontal painting seen by view piece by piece
pagoda
tower shaped stupa
Tang dynasty
peak of prosperity and power, reunited under centralized government 7th to 9th century
Song dynasty
during the late middle ages
Chan Buddhism
or Zen in Japan, emphasizes eccentric, unexpected as a means towards enlightenment, no bottisatva, fooled into thinking physical world is real
porcelain
important in Song dynasty
clay with particular mineral concentration, becomes like glass
literati
elite of Chinese literature and culture, very intelligent, refused to have anything with foriegn control, calligraphy very important
dong qichang
wrote theroy of chinse art important literati
laquer
application of many coats of sap from laq tree
Jomon pottery
twisted and wave like, has holes, prehistoric
Haniwa figure
sculpted fired pottery cylinders, modeled in human, animal, or other forms and placed around early japanese burial mounds
Dome of the Rock
Islamic
Jerusalem
7th
w
Prayer Hall of the Great Mosque
Islamic
Cordoba, Spain
8-10th c
w
Dome over Mihrab of Great Mosque
Islamic
Cordoba, Spain
10th c
w
Mosque of Selim II
sinan
Islamic
Edirne, Turkey
16th
w
Lion capital of Ashoka
Indian Buddhist
3rd bc
w
The Great Stupa
indian buddhist
Sanchi, india
1st
w
Buddha Preaching the FIrst Sermon
Indian Buddhist
5th
w
Visvanatha Temple
Indian Hindu
Kjajuraho, India
11th
w
Great Stupa of Borobudur
Buddhist
Java
9th
w
Angkor Wat
Khmer Hindu
Cambodia 12th
w
Taj Mahal
Indian Islamic
Agra, India
17th
w
Walking Buddha
Thai buddhist
14th century
w
Army of First Emperor of Qin
Chinese
Xian
3rd Bc
w
Buddha and Attendants
Chinese
Longmen
7th
w
travellers among mountains and streams
fan kuan
chinese
11th
w
Forbidden city
Chinese
Beijing
15th
w
Ise Shrine
Japanese
Ise
unknown to 20th
w
Horyu-ji, Kondo
Japanese
Nara
7th
w
shaka Triat at Horyu-ji
Tori Busshi
Japanese
Nara
7th
w
Great Buddha Hall, Todai-ji
japanese
Nara
8th
w
landscape
Sesshu
Japanese
15th
w
White and Red Plum Blossoms
Korin
Japanese
18th
w
The Great Wave
Hokusai
Japanese
19th
w