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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
types of memory
sensory: iconic, echoic
short term memory functions
rehersal repition, chunking
short term memory loss
interference, decay, (7 +-2)
short term memory mechanisms
phological loop, visuospacial sketchpad, central executive
deep rememberance mechanisms
semantic, episodic, procedural
level-of-processing
remember idea not word structure
elaboration
relational processing, self-relative, distributed, primacy/recency
von Restorff
unique items remmebred better
dual code
bank wagon
cue types
encoding-retreival match: same environment/context as retrieving when learning (underwater) + transfer-appropirate: similar mental processes for retrival and learning (verbilization)
memory schemas
filling blanks with expectations
implicit memory
inadvertent memory
ebbinghaus
forgetting curve
amnesia types
retrograde - forget before injury
anterograde - forget after injury
grammar rules
phonology - sounds to make words
morphemes - phenomes that contain an idea
syntax - forming sentances from words
semantics - idea from sentances
chomsky
surface and deep meanings, transformational grammar
baby lanugage
3-5 weeks - cooing
4-6 months - babbling
1 year - words
2 years - 200 words
3 years - telegraphic speech
3-6/7 years - grammatical knowldege
pragmatics
social convention in speak - intention/inferrence
IDEAL
identify, define, explore, act, look
functional fixedness
fixed ideas (pliar string)
framing
idea structure (half full/empty)
means end heuristics
slowly steps
representitive heuristics
bias due to steriotypes and juding average in class
availibility heuristics
odds on false expections, exposire
aristotle
categories - superordinate (general) and subordiniate (specific)