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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Living to old age
decrease in infant mortality
falling maternal mortality?
increase in fertility (led to median age falling in u.s)-more people in younger category
categorical variable
descriptive gender race
continous varibale
age. income?
factors that affect age distribution
mortality (infant mortality)
fertility* most important
age dependeny ratio
number of 65+/number of 20-64
lower fertility
pill (1960)
women's changing social roles
violation of age dependent ratio
20 yr old not in workforce
65 yr in workforce
unemployment rate
fertility rate highest in u.s?
fertility rate for steady replacement/stable pop, not including migration
youth ratio
persons 0-19/ per 100 20-64 persons *100
elderly ratio
ppl >65/per 100 ppl 20-64 *100
life course
change in social roles of people/change over time
age period cohort problem
know 2, make predictions about 3rd.

P= A+ C
cross sectional surveys
less costly
fast data (e.g. response to crisis)
cannot say aging fact
don't indicate age related patterns, but difference in age.
cohort centrism
observed in duke studies
studying elderly can't assume about younger cohorts.
using experience of one cohort to judge others/
synthetic cohort analysis
measures of variable in surveys in repeated crosssections of US
not longitudinal; survey different ppl in cohort every time; = not intra internal change
but successive ages.
what you might see in aging effect
same behavior of each cohort over same age span.
cohort effect
same effect across years and thus age
t or f:
period effects affect everybody regardless of age?
activity theory
type of normative theory
addresses right way for people to age
more active in old age, happier they'd be.
the more social roles elderly people have, the happier they'd be.
disengagement theory
cumming and henry 1961
-decreases in number and amount of social interactions as we age (except kin)
-qualititative change in social interactions (e.g. elderly are social boss)
change in individual personality
(more preoccupied with themselves, decreased responsiveness to social norms).
(ordered) cohort flow
different people in cohort due to mortality not birth
admissions at college

links people who are different ages and roles open to people at given age
sorting ppl into roles
what people can do at different ages.
two kinds, primary and secondary

primary is self care

secondary people's life learning expecations