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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Steps to implementing Apartheid
-Mixed Marriages Act
-Population Registration Act
-Group Areas Act
-Suppression of Communism Act
Mixed Marriages Act
-1950
-Illegal to marry outside your own race
-Current interracial marriages considered void
-Children of these marriages considered illegitimate
Population Registration Act
-1950
-Response to intricate mixture of ethnicities
-Police examined an individual and given a pass that told what race one was
-Only color no cultural dimension
Group Areas Act
-1950
-Color decided where one lived
-Bantu split up by ethnicity
-Could not travel to other areas unless HAD to and had proof
Suppression of Communism Act
-1950
-Used to suppress those who rose up against Apartheid
African National Congress (ANC)
-1912
-Lead by Zulu Albert Luthuli
-Luthuli believed peaceful protest the way to go
-Influenced by MLK
1960 Sharpeville Peaceful Protest
-Called by Luthuli
-Massive crowd scared police
-Shapeville Massacre
-Brought South Africa to international level
-Peaceful protest futile
-Luthuli thrown in jail and given Nobel Peace Prize
Republic of South Africa
-1961
-Afrikaaners wanted to get rid of British
Preventive Detention Act
-1962
-Police able to detain people for 90 days those who were suspicious
-No Habeas Corpus and could be re-arrested as soon as freed
Change in leadership in ANC
-Nelson Mandela
-Spear of the Nation
Hendrik Voervord
-1958
-Born in Netherlands
-Created Bantustands
-Philosopher who strongly believed Apartheid was only way to go for South Africa
Bantustands
-Transkei 1979
-Bophuthatswana 1977
-Venda 1979
-Ciskei 1981
-Territories widely spaced destroyed efficiency of states to govern and gain wealth
-Only the poorest land went to Bantustands
-NO LONGER SOUTH AFRICANS
1976 Controversy
-Afrikaaners wanted education to be in Afrikaan as to hider students from reading liberation texts
-Students in Soweto strike leading to violence and arrests
-ANC needed to decide on whether to use violence and peace
What broke the system
-ANC decides to militarize
-Economic success began to break apart (needed more labor force for skilled jobs, impossible to get this labor when needing high permission)
-By 1980 world unwilling to put up with Apartheid
Fredric W. DeKlerk
-1990 became South African leader
-Similar to Gorbachev in terms of realized system wanted to change
-Asked white voters whether they would be ok to change Apartheid Acts
-Negotiated with Nelson Mandela
-2:1 voted to change Apartheid
1991
-Mandela released
-New election held with universal voting
1994
Mandela elected president and DeKlerk elected vice president