• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/95

Click to flip

95 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the Chinese Legend of Emperor Shun about?
4,000 Years ago, Meperor Shun escaped from prison by "doning the work clothes of a bird".
According to legend how did Kie Kung, the Chinese god of thunder and lighting fly?
Using the wings of a bat.
What was the legend of Ki-Kung-Shi?
He flew a chariot that had no visible means of support 1800 years before Christ.
When did the Chinese invent Gunpowder?
900 AD
What year where the Chinese building simple rockets?
1100 AD
Who made the first scientific experiments in the field of Aviation?
Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519
Who was a great Italian artist, architect and man of Science?
Leonardo da Vinci
What three things did Leonardo da Vince write about?
The center of gravity, center of Pressure and streamlining.
What principles are vital in designing and building modern aircraft and spacecraft?
The center of gravity, center of pressure and streamlining.
What is a ornithopter?
Flying machines that are kept aloft and propelled by flapping wings.
What three european scientists perfomed scientific studies of the atmosphere?
Torricelli from Italy, Von Guericke from Germany and the Frechman named Pascal.
What is a fluid?
The atmosphere
What does atmospheric pressure do as you climb higher?
decrease
What measures the pressure of the atmosphere?
A brometer
What allowed study a vacuum?
the air pump
Who wrote about the Aerial Ship?
Francesso de Lana professor of mathematics
What did Francesco de lana's aerial ship look like?
It would be carried aloft by four large spheres from which all air had been removed to make them lighter than the surrounding air.
Why wouldn't Francesco de lana's aerial ship work?
The spheres would have been immediately crushed by the pressure of the surrounding air.
What was the most important developpment in making the first lighter than air flight?
cheap printing which made books available for the scientists to compare notes.
Who is credited with inventing the hot air ballown?
Laurenco de Gusmao.
When was the hot air ballon demonstrated for the King of Portugal?
1709
Who discoved Hydrogen--flammable air?
Henry Cavendish
What did Dr. Joseph Black realize?
if this light gas were enclosed in a ten bladder it would weigh less than the surrounding air and would therefore rise.
What two brother achieved manned flight?
Joseph and Etienne Montgolfier
Who discovered oxygen and wrote scientific papers on the properties of air?
Joseph Prientley
When did the Montgolfier brothers make a public demonstration using a paper lined line?
June 5 1783
How far did the Montgolfiers brother balloon fly?
6,000 feet high and traveled over a mile before landing.
What did they call the lighter than air gas that filled the balloon from the fire.?
Montgolfier gas
What king did the Montgolfier brothers fly their balloon for and when?
King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette on September 19 1783
Who were the first men to ride in the Montgolfier balloon?
Rilatre de Rosier and young Physican and the marquis d'Arlandes a young infantry officer.
How long did the first maned flight last?
25 minuets
How are did the first manned ballon flight go?
more than 5 miles.
Who invented gunpowder?
cHINESE
What did J A C Charles develop?
A ballon that was a small globe of rubberized silk. on Aug 23 1783 the globe was inflated with hydrogen and rose into hte air
What became popular in Europe between 17893 and 1790?
Balloon fights
How long did the first maned flight last?
25 minuets
How far did the first manned balloon flight go?
more than 5 miles.
Who invented gunpowder?
cHINESE
What did JAC Charles develop?
A ballown that was a small globe of rubberized silk. on Aug 23 1783 the globe was inflated with hydrogen and rose into the air
What became popular in Europe between 1783 and 1790?
Balloon fights
How did the French government use balloon in 1793?
They formed an air arm to their Army and used balloon for reconnaissance during the French Revloution.
When was first Parchute jump from a balloon?
1797
What balloon became much more popular than the hot aire balloon?
Hydrogen
Who and when was the first balloon flight from one nation to another?
January 7 1785 French aeronaut balloonist Jean Pierre Blanchard and an American passenger Dr. John Jeffries.
When did the first women fly alone in a Balloon?
Madam Jeanne-Genevieve Garnerin.
Who was the first women who made ballooning as a career?
Jean Blanchard's wife Madeleine Sophie Blanchard.
Where did the first balloon light take place in the US.
Philadelphia PA
Who was the first women killed in a ballooning accident?
Madam Jeanne-Genevieve Garnerin
What president witnessed the first balloon flight in the US?
President George Washington and thousands of spectators
When were the first balloons used the in US military?
During the Civil War.
Why was hydrogen so dangerious for flying?
It was highly flammable and many people were killer before a safer gas came into use.
Who made several suggestions that eventually led to dirigibles?
French general Jean Baptiste Meusnier
What breakthough did Henri Giffard bring?
He built a cigar-shaped dirigible 114 feet long and 39 feel in diameter. powered by 3 horsepower steam engine.
What is generally credited as ging the first successful dirigible?
Henri Giffard's
Who airship was powered by electric motors?
A C Krebs in 1884
Who built the first dirigible powered by an internal combustion engine in 1872?
A german engineer Paul Haenlein
Who ushered in the era of the powered gasbag?
Santos Dumont
During what years did Santos-Dumont constructed and fly 14 gasoline powered non-rigid airships.?
1898 and 1907
In 1901 who flew his airship around the eiffel tower and and distance fo 9 miles?
Santos Dumont
Who built and flew the first rigid dirigible in 1900?
Ferdinand won Qeppelin
when did Germany start dominating rigid dirigible airships?
1900
What was the deutschland LZ-7?
The world's first commercial airship flown June 22, 1910
Who was the first airplane pioneer in the 19th century?
a young Englishman named George Cayley.
What three forces did Cayley identifiy?
Life drag and thrust
What did Cayley develope to increase life?
the Cambered curved upper surface on a wing
Who built the first manned aircraft to take off from level ground under its own power?
Clement Ader
What looked like a huge bat?
The first manned airacraft to take off from level ground under its own power
What hapend in the second half of the 19th century?
flying became very popular and many people tried designing gliders and airplanes.
What three men made signigicant progress to real gliding?
an american John J Montgomery and German Otto Lilieenthal and a French-born American Octave Chanute
Who was John Montogomery?
He built many gliders from 1884 to 1905 when he unveiled his glider to the public
What was Montgomery first public flight in 195 like?
Daniel Maloney flew the glider. It was hooked to a balloon when it got to 4000 feet he and cut it loose and flew for 20 minuets and landed safely at a pre selected spot.
How did Montogomery die?
Landing his glider a gust of wind flipped it and hurled him to his deathe 1911
Who was the father of Modern Aviation?
Otto Lilienthal
What did Otto Lilienthal build?
Many single and two winged gliders
How many gliders did otto lilienthal build between 1891 and 1896?
over 2000
When did lilienthal explore powered flights?
1896
How were the controls worked in Lilienthal's first powered air plane?
by a headband on the chin
How did Lilienthal die?
He flew an older biplane glider one last time to practice with the new elevation controls. He took off in a gusty wind at 50 feet his glider stalled and suddently dropped like a rock. He broke his back.
What american civil engineer ready Lilienthal's workes and started disigning gliders?
octave Chanute
What two Englishmen drew up plans and received a patent for a man carrying powered aircraft named the Ariel but was never built?
W S Henson and inventor and John Stringfellow a skilled engineer
What did American Samuel Pierpont Langley do.?
He set out to build a full size man carrying aircraft.
What was the problem with steam engines?
too heavy
What airplane did Charles M Manly design and Langley developed?
The Aerodrome and it was to be launched by catapult from a barge anchored in the potomac river.
How will did the Aerodrome fly?
fhe first time it fell into the potomac and the second time was the same.
What was built like a large Kite?
The wright brothers first airplane
Where did the wright brothers choose try their flights
Kitty Hawk Nother Carolina
What did the wright brother do over the winter of 1900?
The made a few successful glides
Where were the wright brothers from?
Dayton Ohio
In September 1902 What did the wright brothers do?
Returned to Nother Carolina with their 3rd glider
How many glide flights did the wright brother do in September/October1902?
Over a thousand
By Spetember 1903 What had the wright brother done?
the engine had been installed in their powered aircrafr anemd the flyer
What happended on Dec 14 1903?
The flyer became air born but stalled and fell back to the sand.
When did the wright brothers first fly 12 seconds and 120 feel?
December 17,1903
What was the longest flight that the wright brother flew their first powered airplane
59 seconds and 852 feet.
Samuel Pierpont Langley's aircraft Aerodrome was the first airplane so successfully fly after being launched from a catapult?
False