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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The engine instrument that monitors engine speed is known as the _______.
tachometer
The spinning wheel inside a gyro is called the ________.
rotor
There are two numbers, one at each end of the runway. These numbers are abbreviated ________ _________.
magnetic headings
Once an airplane becomes airborne from an airport, it is subject to traffic rules. The first leg of the traffic pattern begins at takeoff and it is known as the ______leg.
Departure
A passageway between the parking area and the runway system is called a ______________.
Taxiway
What is an airports parking lot?
Ramp
What do the letters FAA stand for?
Federal Aviation Administration
If an airport has a control tower, it is said to be a _______________ airport.
controlled
What flight instrument can be monitored to give precise rate of turn information?
turn coordinator
What flight instrument is actually an artificial compass?
heading indicator
What aircraft instrument was once known as the artificial horizon?
attitude indicator
What is the length of a statute mile in feet?
5280
What is the length of a nautical mile in feet?
6076
What flight instrument records the difference between static air and air being rammed into the system?
airspeed indicator
What flight instrument, other than the altimeter, monitors the rate of change in altitude?
vertical speed indicator
The pressure drops approximately ______ inch per 1000 feet of altitude.
1
As we go higher in the atmosphere, the pressure ______________.
decreases
What is the standard pressure at sea level?
29.92 inches of mercury
What are the three flight instruments that operate on the principle of a spinning gyroscope?
attitude indicator, turn coordinator and heading indicator
What three main flight instruments that operate from the pitot/static system?
airspeed, altimeter, vertical speed indicator
What two gages that monitor the operation of the oil system?
oil temperature and oil pressure
The two primary functions of the oil system in an airplane engine is_________ and __________.
lubricate, cool
What are the four stages of a standard reciprocating engine?
intake, compression, power, and exhaust
What is the source of electrical power for the spark plugs?
magneto
When the fuel tanks are mounted above the engine, as you would find in high wing (Cessna type) airplanes, what force keeps the fuel moving toward the power plant?
gravity
When a mixture contains less fuel than needed for normal combustion, it is called a ___________mixture.
lean
When a mixture contains more fuel than is needed for normal combustion, it is called a _______ mixture.
rich
In a jet engine, fuel is often sprayed into the exhaust stage. This gives additional thrust and is called an_________________.
afterburner
In a jet engine, air is mixed with fuel and ignited in _________________stage.
intake
What is the four stroke operating cycle of a reciprocating engine?
a) intake b) compression c) power d) exhaust
What type of engine converts chemical energy into mechanical energy?
internal combustion
Some airports have a problem with excessive noise and the governing authorities will set policies that deal with this problem. This is called ____ _________.
Noise abatement
A carburetor has a restriction called the venturi. When air enters the restriction, it speeds up and the ________drops. This is an example of _________Principle.
pressure, Bernoulli's
What are the three legs of a standard traffic pattern?
downwind, base, final approach
If an aircraft is moving toward the inside of a turn, it is said to be ______________. If it is moving toward the outside of the turn it is ______________.
slipping, skidding
If an airport symbol is blue, it means that the real airport has what?
control tower
Every degree, on a sectional chart, has ________ minutes.
60
What type of a chart that is scaled 1:500,000 inches, or approximately 8 mile?
sectional
All longitude lines converge at either the ______ ______ or the ____ _____.
north pole, south pole
A system of lines that run parallel to the equator?
latitude
The phonetic alphabet for the letter U is?
uniform
What indicator uses the power of the wind to give direction?
windsock
If a beacon has one white flash, followed by a yellow flash, it is what type of airport?
water
If a beacon has two white flashes, followed by a green flash, what type of airport is it?
military
If on final approach to land, and you notice the VASI lights are both red, what does this indicate?
below the glide path
What color are the border lights at most non-precision runways?
white
What color are threshold lights when viewed from the landing end?
green