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60 Cards in this Set

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The ratio of fuel to air in which, upon combustion, all of the fuel is burned, is known as the __________________ _______________.
stoichiometric ratio
An ____________ ________________ engine converts chemical energy into mechanical energy.
internal combustion
The four stroke operating cycle of a reciprocating engine are: (a)______________, (b)________________, (c)_________________ and (d)____________________.
a) intake b) compression c) power d) exhaust
In a jet engine, air is mixed with fuel and ignited in _________________stage.
intake
In a jet engine, fuel is often sprayed into the exhaust stage. This gives additional thrust and is called an_________________.
afterburner
When a mixture contains more fuel than is needed for normal combustion, it is called a _______ mixture.
rich
When a mixture contains less fuel than needed for normal combustion, it is called a ___________mixture.
lean
When the fuel tanks are mounted above the engine, as you would find in high wing (Cessna type) airplanes, what force keeps the fuel moving toward the power plant?
gravity
What is the source of electrical power for the spark plugs?
magneto
A recurring series of events is called a ____________________.
cycle
As an airplane climbs higher, the air becomes thinner. This means that there is less air than at altitudes closer to the Earth. What control, located in the cockpit, does the pilot use to decrease the amount of fuel that is allowed to enter the intake phase?_________________
mixture
Most aircraft carburetors are located on the ____________of the engine.
bottom
Referring to the illustration of the Pratt & Whitney turbofan jet engine, as the air enters the front end, it immediately starts being compressed. From this stage, the air enters the ________________chamber where ___________ occurs. The exhaust gases from this stage then pass through a ____________which in turn rotates a shaft and powers the ____________________ located up front.
combustion, ignition
A jet engine, like a standard reciprocating engine, has four stages. They are: ____________, _______________, ________________ and _________________.
intake, compression, power, and exhaust
The two primary functions of the oil system in an airplane engine is _________________ and ___________________________.
lubricate, cool
Inside the cockpit, there are two gages that monitor the operation of the oil system. They are the_______________ and __________________.
oil temperature and oil pressure
The engine instrument that monitors engine speed is known as the
_______________.
tachometer
There are three main flight instruments that operate from the pitot/static system. They are ______________, _________________, ____________________.
airspeed, altimeter, vertical speed indicator
The three flight instruments that operate on the principle of a spinning gyroscope are: _________________, _________________, and ________________.
attitude indicator, turn coordinator and heading indicator
The standard pressure at sea level is 29.92 inches of mercury. What is the equivalent of this in millibars?
1013.2 mb
As we go higher in the atmosphere, the pressure ______________.
decreases
The pressure drops approximately ______ inch per 1000 feet of altitude.
1
One flight instrument, other than the altimeter, monitors the rate of change in altitude. This is known as the ___________________.
vertical speed indicator
Another flight instrument records the difference between static air and air being rammed into the system. This is the _______________________.
airspeed indicator
Some airspeed indicators show their numbers in knots. A "knot" is actually short for the "naut," or nautical mile. What is the length of a nautical mile in feet? ________
6076
What is the length of a statute mile in feet? ______________
5280
If the distance between point A and point B is 25 statute miles, will the nautical equivalent number be (a)longer or (b) shorter?
b. shorter
The spinning "wheel" inside a gyro is called the ____________.
rotor
What aircraft instrument was once known as the "artificial horizon?"__________
attitude indicator
What flight instrument is actually and artificial compass?_______________
heading indicator
What flight instrument can be monitored to give precise rate of turn information? ___________________
turn coordinator
If an airport has a control tower, it is said to be a _______________ airport.
controlled
The letters "FAA" stand for _____________ _____________
____________________.
Federal Aviation Administration
What is an airports "parking lot?" ___________
Ramp
A passageway between the parking area and the runway system is called a ______________.
Taxiway
There are basically two sets of rules that govern flight. They are known as VFR and IFR. Which set will you follow in early flight training?
VFR
Once an airplane becomes airborne from an airport, it is subject to traffic rules. The first "leg" of the traffic pattern begins at takeoff and it is known as the ___________leg.
Departure
There are two numbers, one at each end of the runway. These numbers are
abbreviated ___________ _______________.
magnetic headings
If you were watching a movie and a control tower operator in that movie said to a pilot, "….. you are cleared to land on runway 44," you would know this is wrong. Why?
the highest runway number is 36
If runway 9 is actually three runways in parallel, their numbers would be _______, ____________ and ____________.
9 right, 9 center, and 9 left
In the photograph of Jefferson County Airport, Broomfield, Colorado, you will see runway 29R in the center of the picture. After examining the runway markings you should be able to see that this is a _________________ runway. (precision, nonprecision)
precision
If a runway sign is yellow with black lettering and gives information about such things as areas that cannot be seen by the control tower, noise abatement procedures and applicable radio frequencies, it is said to be an _____________________sign.
information
If a sign provides direction to special locations like military or fixed base operations, it is said to be a _________________sign.
destination
What color are threshold lights when viewed from the landing end?
green
What color are the border lights at most non-precision runways?
white
If you are a pilot on final approach to land, and you notice the VASI lights are both red, this is an indication that you are _________________________.
below the glide path
The beacon is a light that guides pilots to airports at night. If you see two white flashes, followed by a green flash, you know this is a _______________airport.
military
If a beacon has one white flash, followed by a yellow flash, it is a ________airport.
water
What indicator uses the power of the wind to give direction?
windsock
The phonetic alphabet for the letter "U" is_____________________ .
uniform
A system of lines that run parallel to the equator?
latitude
All longitude lines converge at either the ______ ______ or the ____ _____.
north pole, south pole
A chart that is scaled 1:500,000 inches, or approximately 8 mile?
sectional
Every degree, on a sectional chart, has ________ minutes.
60
If an airport symbol is blue, it means that the real airport has a _______ ____________.
control tower
In the same photograph, there is a runway that crosses runway 29R and it is exactly 90 degrees to Runway 29R. What numbers would this runway have at each end?
2/20
If an aircraft is moving toward the inside of a turn, it is said to be ______________. If it is moving toward the outside of the turn it is ______________.
slipping, skidding
When an airplane is approaching an airport for the purpose of landing, it is required to enter a standard traffic pattern. The first part of this pattern is known as "entry." From the entry leg, a pilot will turn _______________. This part of the pattern is followed until the pilot turns onto the _______leg. The next leg points directly toward the runway and this is known as ______ ____________.
downwind, base, final approach
A carburetor has a restriction called the venturi. When air enters the restriction, it speeds up and the ________drops. This is an example of _________Principle.
pressure, Bernoulli’s
Some airports have a problem with excessive noise and the governing authorities will set policies that deal with this problem. This is called ____ _________.
Noise abatement