• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/1070

Click to flip

1070 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Grape of Taurasi DOCG
Aglianico, DOCG from Campania
grape of Fiano di Avolino DOCG
white wine from Campania, grape is Fiano
What is Greco di Tufo
DOCG white from Campania, Greco is the grape
What is Taburno
DOC red from campania, Aglianico is the grape
What is the Sicilian DOCG & Grape
Cerasuolo di Vittoria, red wine DOCG, the grape is Nerello Calabrese
Styles of Marsala
Fine, Superiore, Vergine, Solera
Grapes of Marsala
Grillo, Cataratto, Nerello, Inzolia
Best grape of Valpolicella
Corvino
Refosco is known as what?
Same as Mondeuse, called this in Friuli
Styles of wine of Coli Orientali
R- Int'l varietieals, merlot W- Int'l variteals, friulano SW- Ramandalo
Biggest appelation of Friuli and grape?
Friuli-Grave, Merlot
What is Cargmignano DOCG
Red, 65% Sangiovese and up to 20% Cab Sauv, Tuscany
Aging requirement for Brunello
2 years wood, 2 years bottle / riserva 3 years wood, 2 years bottle
Chianti DOCG rules
min 80% Sangiovese, up to 20% white grapes Trebbiano and Cannaiolo
Chianti Classico DOCG rules
may be 100% sangioves, up to 10% Cab Sauv
Chianti Sub Regions
Chaint Paisano, Chianti Rufina, Chianto Arienti, Montalbano, Colli senesi, Chianti Classico, Chianti Florentini
Vino Nobile di Montalcino aging rules
2 years, min 12 months in wood
Montefalco di Sangrantino rules
DOCG from Umbria, dry and sweet red DOCG
Torgiano Riserva rules
DOCG from Umbria, Sangiovese based- .5% higher alcohol than regular Torgiano
Albana di Romagna
1st white DOCG (1987), in Emilia-Romagna, made from Albana- dry, off-dry, sweet, passito styles
Vernaccia di Serepetrone rules
DOCG from Marches, grapes are Vernaccia/Sangiovese/Montepulciano- semi sweet, sweet, spumante reds
Uva di Troia is?
grape from Apulia, speciafically Castel del Monte, IlFalcone- riserva from rivera is best
Zones of Barbaresco
Barbaresco, Treisa, Neivo
What is cinque terre
DOC from Liguria, grape is Bosco
Sub districts of valtellina
inferno, grumello, sasella, vagella, stagliafasi, maroggia
Where is Santa Maddelena
generic appelation of alto adige, schiava is the dominant grape
Catch all DOC for Alto Adige
Valdadige
River of Barolo and Barbaresco?
Tanaro
Soils of Barolo?
Tortanian, Helevatian
the zones of Barolo
La Morra, Castiglione Falleto, Barolo, Monforte d'Alba, Serralunga d'Alba
Grape of Taurasi DOCG
Aglianico, DOCG from Campania
grape of Fiano di Avolino DOCG
white wine from Campania, grape is Fiano
What is Greco di Tufo
DOCG white from Campania, Greco is the grape
What is Taburno
DOC red from campania, Aglianico is the grape
What is the Sicilian DOCG & Grape
Cerasuolo di Vittoria, red wine DOCG, the grape is Nerello Calabrese
Styles of Marsala
Fine, Superiore, Vergine, Solera
Grapes of Marsala
Grillo, Cataratto, Nerello, Inzolia
Best grape of Valpolicella
Corvino
Refosco is known as what?
Same as Mondeuse, called this in Friuli
Styles of wine of Coli Orientali
R- Int'l varietieals, merlot W- Int'l variteals, friulano SW- Ramandalo
Biggest appelation of Friuli and grape?
Friuli-Grave, Merlot
What is Cargmignano DOCG
Red, 65% Sangiovese and up to 20% Cab Sauv, Tuscany
Aging requirement for Brunello
2 years wood, 2 years bottle / riserva 3 years wood, 2 years bottle
Chianti DOCG rules
min 80% Sangiovese, up to 20% white grapes Trebbiano and Cannaiolo
Chianti Classico DOCG rules
may be 100% sangioves, up to 10% Cab Sauv
Chianti Sub Regions
Chaint Paisano, Chianti Rufina, Chianto Arienti, Montalbano, Colli senesi, Chianti Classico, Chianti Florentini
Vino Nobile di Montalcino aging rules
2 years, min 12 months in wood
Montefalco di Sangrantino rules
DOCG from Umbria, dry and sweet red DOCG
Torgiano Riserva rules
DOCG from Umbria, Sangiovese based- .5% higher alcohol than regular Torgiano
Albana di Romagna
1st white DOCG (1987), in Emilia-Romagna, made from Albana- dry, off-dry, sweet, passito styles
Vernaccia di Serepetrone rules
DOCG from Marches, grapes are Vernaccia/Sangiovese/Montepulciano- semi sweet, sweet, spumante reds
Uva di Troia is?
grape from Apulia, speciafically Castel del Monte, IlFalcone- riserva from rivera is best
Zones of Barbaresco
Barbaresco, Treisa, Neivo
What is cinque terre
DOC from Liguria, grape is Bosco
Sub districts of valtellina
inferno, grumello, sasella, vagella, stagliafasi, maroggia
Where is Santa Maddelena
generic appelation of alto adige, schiava is the dominant grape
Catch all DOC for Alto Adige
Valdadige
River of Barolo and Barbaresco?
Tanaro
Soils of Barolo?
Tortanian, Helevatian
the zones of Barolo
La Morra, Castiglione Falleto, Barolo, Monforte d'Alba, Serralunga d'Alba
Grape of Taurasi DOCG
Aglianico, DOCG from Campania
grape of Fiano di Avolino DOCG
white wine from Campania, grape is Fiano
What is Greco di Tufo
DOCG white from Campania, Greco is the grape
What is Taburno
DOC red from campania, Aglianico is the grape
What is the Sicilian DOCG & Grape
Cerasuolo di Vittoria, red wine DOCG, the grape is Nerello Calabrese
Styles of Marsala
Fine, Superiore, Vergine, Solera
Grapes of Marsala
Grillo, Cataratto, Nerello, Inzolia
Best grape of Valpolicella
Corvino
Refosco is known as what?
Same as Mondeuse, called this in Friuli
Styles of wine of Coli Orientali
R- Int'l varietieals, merlot W- Int'l variteals, friulano SW- Ramandalo
Biggest appelation of Friuli and grape?
Friuli-Grave, Merlot
What is Cargmignano DOCG
Red, 65% Sangiovese and up to 20% Cab Sauv, Tuscany
Aging requirement for Brunello
2 years wood, 2 years bottle / riserva 3 years wood, 2 years bottle
Chianti DOCG rules
min 80% Sangiovese, up to 20% white grapes Trebbiano and Cannaiolo
Chianti Classico DOCG rules
may be 100% sangioves, up to 10% Cab Sauv
Chianti Sub Regions
Chaint Paisano, Chianti Rufina, Chianto Arienti, Montalbano, Colli senesi, Chianti Classico, Chianti Florentini
Vino Nobile di Montalcino aging rules
2 years, min 12 months in wood
Montefalco di Sangrantino rules
DOCG from Umbria, dry and sweet red DOCG
Torgiano Riserva rules
DOCG from Umbria, Sangiovese based- .5% higher alcohol than regular Torgiano
Albana di Romagna
1st white DOCG (1987), in Emilia-Romagna, made from Albana- dry, off-dry, sweet, passito styles
Vernaccia di Serepetrone rules
DOCG from Marches, grapes are Vernaccia/Sangiovese/Montepulciano- semi sweet, sweet, spumante reds
Uva di Troia is?
grape from Apulia, speciafically Castel del Monte, IlFalcone- riserva from rivera is best
Zones of Barbaresco
Barbaresco, Treisa, Neivo
What is cinque terre
DOC from Liguria, grape is Bosco
Sub districts of valtellina
inferno, grumello, sasella, vagella, stagliafasi, maroggia
Where is Santa Maddelena
generic appelation of alto adige, schiava is the dominant grape
Catch all DOC for Alto Adige
Valdadige
River of Barolo and Barbaresco?
Tanaro
Soils of Barolo?
Tortanian, Helevatian
the zones of Barolo
La Morra, Castiglione Falleto, Barolo, Monforte d'Alba, Serralunga d'Alba
5 specifics of erste gewachs
1. rheingau only 2. dry in style 3. can chaptalize 4. tasted using the senses 5. max yields are 50 hl/ha
7 main specifics of grosses gewachs
1. wine must come from highly rated vineyards 2. dry in style with no pradikat mentioned 3. min spatlese must weight 4. tated using the senses 5. hand harvested 50 hl/ha 6. comes from germany 7. cannot chaptilize
3 specifics of erste lagen
1. mosel only 2. no chaptilization allowed 3. translated into 1st site
4 quality levels for VDP's
1.erste gewachs 2. gross gewachs 3. klassifizierte lagenwein (harvested at a max of 65hl/ha) 4. gutsweine
weisherbst?
single variety rose with varietal stated, found in baden
schillerwein?
co-fermented rose from scwartz riesling, wurttemburg
classic wine?
max yields 60 hl/ha, auslese ripeness levels, einzellage specific, RS=1.5x's the amt of acid
sugar levels for trocken and halbtrocken
9 g/l for trocken, 18 g/l for halb-trocken
anreiching
chaptalization
sub districts of rias baixas
condado do tea, o rosal, soutomajor, ribiera de ulla, val do salnes
regions of armagnac
haut-armagnac, bas-armagnac, tenareze
AC's of armagnac
armagnac, srmagnac-tenareze, bas-armagnac, haut-armagnac
regions of cognac
grande champagne, petite champagne, borderies, fins bois, bons bois, bois ordinaires/bois a terroir
bollinger
grande annee
krug
krug collection, grand cuvee
laurent perrier
grand siecle
louis roederer
cristal
moet & chandon
dom perignon
perrier jouet
belle epoque
pol roger
winston churchill
pommery
cuvee louise
ruinart
dom ruinart
taittinger
comtes de champagne
jacquesson
grand signature
bottle sizes
bottle, magnum, jeroboam 3L, methusaleh 6L, salmanazar 9L, balthazar 12 L, nebuchadnezzar 15L
putton and gonc sizes
20-25 kg / 28 L, 136 Liters for a gonc
bulgaria
danubian plain region, black sea region, subbalkan region, thracian region, strouma region
veneto DOC
bardolino, gambellara, torcolato breganze, amarone
districts of burgundy
chablis (yonne), cote de nuits, hautes cotes de nuits, cote de beaune, hautes cote de beaune, cote challonaise or region de mercurey, cote macconais, beaujolais
what is maury
R,W,rose VDN in rousillon- grenache, similar to banyuls- table wines are cotes du rousillon villages AC
grapes of st peray
marsanne, roussanne- sparkling wine, southernmost region of the N. Rhone
what is rasteau
VDN red wines form the southern rhone- can actually come from rasteau, cairanne, sablet, table R,W,Ro are CDR villages
best soil of sherry
albarizo- best, classified into pagos- largest is macharnudo, miraflores and anina are also important
soils of sherry
albarizo- mainly chalk, arenas- sandy, barros-clay
dos malvedos
graham's
quinta do seixo
ferreira
do panascal
fonseca
vargellas
taylor
quinta de terra feita
taylor
quinta dos canais
cockburn's
quinta do cavadinha
warre's
quinta do bomfim
dow
quinta da senhora da ribeiro
dow
do roeda
croft
quinta da foz
calem
quinto do silval
quinto do noval
CM
cooperative de manipulant- champagne has been made by a co-op
NM
negociant-manipulant: wine has been made under the name of the house that sells it
RM
recoltant-manipulant: champagne is produced by a grower from their own grapes
RC
recoltant-cooperateur: grower is selling wine from their own grapes but it is made from a cooperative
MA
marques d'acheteur: buyer's own brand- wine is bought from a producer and sold under another name
SR
societe de recoltant: champagne is sold under the name of a company created by growers who are of the same family
NR
negociant distributeur: company that sells champagne it did not make to others who then sell it
saar river villages
ayl, kanzem, ockfen, saarburg, serrig, sharzhof, wiltingen (swoskas)
ruwer river villages
eitelsbach, kasel, maximin grunhaus, mertesdorf,
mosel river villages
bernkastel, brauneberg, erden, graach, leiwen, neumagen, piesport, trier, trittenheim, urzig, wehlen, winningen, zeltingen
rheingau villages
eltville, erbach, geisenheim, hochheim, johannisberg, kiedrich, rauenthal, rudesheim
mittelrhein village
bacharach
rheinhessen villages
nackenheim, nierstein, oppenheim
nahe villages- nahe river
bad kreuznach, monsingen, niederhausen, oberhausen, schlossbockelheim, traisen
pfalz villages- rhein river
bad durkheim, deidesheim, forst, kallstadt, neustadt, ruppertsberg, traisen, ungstein, wachenheim
franken villages, main river
castel, iphofen, randersacker, steinfeld eshendorf, wurzburg
steinwein
from wurzburg stein vienyard
Sardinia DOCG?
Vermintino di Gallura- white wine, 95% vermintino grape- above 14% alcohol may be called superiore
Marches DOCG?
Rosso conero Riserva, Vernaccia di Serrapatrona (smi sweet or sweet red sparkling wine)
Abruzzi DOCG?
montepulciano d'abruzzi di colline terramane, 90% montepulciano- aged 2 years, 1 in wood (three years for riserva)
What is loupiac?
sweet dessert wine from the Entre Doux Mers
what are the varietals of cahors
malbec, tannat, merlot- malbec is the main one
four varietals of jurancon
petit manseng, gros manseng, courbou, camalaret
what is coullioure
rousillon region, red wine
what is pacherenc du vic-bilh?
white wine AC from same region as Madiran- can be sec, demi-sec, or dry / SE france near Entrée deux mers
what does gran reserva mean?
spanish term, wines must be aged five calendar years with 2 in barricas
where is waikato
north island new zealand
minimum alcohol for QbA / QMP
QbA = 7% / QmP = 7% for Kabinett to Auslese, BA to TBA = 5.5%
how much does a tonneau hold?
900 litres, 238 gallons = 4 barriques
synonyms for chassellas in switzerland
fendant, doran, perlan
best region for port, main city?
Cima Corgo- town of Pinhao
port grapes red and white
R-touriga nacional, tinta barraco, tinta cao, tinta roriz (aragonez), touriga francisca, touriga franca, trincadera, donzelhino tinto, bastardo / W-arinto, donzelino branca, gouveio, malvasia fino, rabigato, viosinho
cillages of coteaux du layon
faye d'anjou, beaulieu sur layon, roquefort sur loire, rablay sur layon, st. aubin de luignes, st lambert de lattay
what and where is montlouis
touraine, chenin blanc, south of the river facing vouvray- dry, semi dry, sweet, & sparkling styles
Rutherglen muscat aging requirements
rutherglen muscat 2-5 years, classic 5-10 years, grand 10-15, rare 20+ years
yeast used for beer making
saccharomyces carlsbergensis for lager (bottom fermenting), saccharomyces cerevisae
suregions of central otago
wanaka, gibbston, lake hayes, alexandra
what is dole?
swiss red blend of pinot noir (min 50%) and gamay
what is the main grape of ticino
merlot, italian canton of switzerland
what are the classifications in wachau
steinfeder, ferderspiel, smaragd
what year was alsace given grand cru status
currently 51, first year was 1983
where is ucles
central part of spain, north of la mancha, south of rioja- DO red from tempranillo, cab sauv, merlot, syrah, grenache
portuguese quality levels?
lowest to highest= VdM (vinhos de mesa), VR (vinhos regionais), IPR (indicaco de proveniencia regulamentada), DOC (denomincao de origem controlada)
what is piage
pumping over
how big is a barrique
225L
scotch whiskey from campbelton
glen scotia, springbank
cote challonaise for white only
montagny, bouzeron
districts of overberg?
walker bay, bot river, mossel bay
austria sugar measurement?
KMW. Klosterneuburger mostwaage
echelle de cru system
champagne, 80-89% cru, 90 - 99% premier cru, 100% grand cru
where is debro?
eger wine region, northern hungary
chateau latour 1st growth paillac 2nd label
les forts de latour
chateau margaux 1st growth margaux 2nd lable
pavillon rouge de margaux
ch lafite rothschild 1st growth 2nd label
carruades de lafite-rotshchild
ch haut brian 1st growth graves, pessac leognan- pessac
bahans haut-brion
ch mouton-rotschild 1st growth pauillac
le petit mouton de mouton-rotschild
ch montrose 2nd growth st estephe
la dame de montrose
ch cos d'estournel 2nd growth st estephe
les pagodes de cos
ch gruaud-larose 2nd growth st julien
sarget de gruaud-larose
ch leoville les cases 2nd growth st julien
clos du marquis
ch leoville barton 2nd growth st julien
la reserve de leoville barton
ch leoville poyferre 2nd growth st julien
chateau moulin riche
ch lascombes 2nd growth margaux
chevalier des lascombes
ch durfort vivens 2nd growth margaux
vivens de durfort vivens
ch ducru-beaucaillou 2nd growth st julien
le croix de beacaillou
ch rauzan seglaus 2nd growth st julien
segla
ch rauzan gassies 2nd growth st julien
chevalier de rauzan-gassies
ch pichon longueville baron 2nd growth pauillac
les tourelles de longueville
ch pichon pichon longueville comtesse de la lande 2nd growth pauillac
reserve de la comtesse
ch brane cantenac 2nd growth cantenac margaux
la baron de brane
ch kirwan 3rd growth margaux cantenac
les charmes de kirwan
ch d'issan 3rd growth margaux cantenac
blason d'issan
ch boyd cantenac 3rd growth margaux cantenac
jacques boyd
ch cantenac brown 3rd growth margaux cantenac
brio de cantenac-brown
ch marquis d'alesme baker 3rd growth margaux
marquise d'alesme
ch ferriere 3rd growth margaux
les ramparts de ferriere
ch malescot-st-xuprey 3rd growth margaux
la dame de malescot
ch desmirail 3rd growth margaux
initial de dismirail
ch lagrange 3rd growth st julien
la fiefs de lagrange
ch langoa barton 3rd growth st julien
lady langoa
ch palmer 3rd growth cantenac margaux
alter ego de palmer
ch calon segur 3rd growth st estephe
ch marquis de calon
ch lagune 3rd growth haut medoc ludon
moulin de la lagune
ch giscours 3rd growth margaux labarde
la sirene de giscours
ch st pierre 4th growth st julien
no second label
ch beycheville 4th growth st julien
admiral de beychevelle
ch talbot 4th growth st julien
connetable de talbot
ch branaire ducru 4th growth st julien
duluc de branaire-ducru
ch duhart-milon-rotshcild 4th growth pauillac
moulin de duhart
ch priere lichine 4th growth margaux cantenac
la cloitre prieure-lichine
ch pouget 4th growth margaux cantenac
artoine-pougeot
ch lafon rochet 4th growth st estephe
les pelerins de lafon-rochet
ch marquis de terme 4th growth margaux
les gondats de marquis de terme
ch la tour carnet 4th growth haut medoc st laurent
les douves de carnet
ch dauzac 5th growth margaux labarde
la bastide de dauzac
ch batailley 5th growth pauillac
no second label
ch haut-batailley 5th growth pauillac
chateau la tour l'aspic
ch lynch bages 5th growth pauillac
ch hau-bages averous
ch lynch moussas 5th growth pauillac
les hauts de lynch moussas
ch grand puy lacoste 5th growth pauillac
lacoste borie
ch grand puy ducasse 5th growth pauillac
prelude a grande-puy ducasse
ch haut bages liberal 5th growth pauillac
la chapelle de bages
ch pontet canet 5th growth pauillac
les hauts de pontet-canet
ch pedesclaux 5th growth pauillac
sens de pedesclaux
ch clerc-milon 5th growth pauillac
no second label
ch d'amaiilac 5th growth pauillac
no second label
ch cos-labory 5th growth st estephe
le charme labory
ch croizer-bages 5th growth pauillac
la tourelle de croizet-bages
ch camensac 5th growth haut medoc st laurent
la closerie de camensac
ch belgrave 5th growth st laurent haut medoc
diane de belgrave
ch du tertre 5th growth margaux arsac
les hauts du tertre
ch cantmerle 5th growth haut medoc macau
les allees de cantemerle
ch bouscat graves cru classe
les chenes de bouscat
ch carbonnieux graves cru classe
la tour-legnan
domaine de chevalier graves cru classe
l'espirit de chevalier
ch couhins graves cru classe
couhins la gravette
ch de fieuzal graves cru classe
l'abeille de fieuzal
ch haut-bailly graves cru classe
le parde de haut-bailly
ch latour-martillac graves cru classe
lagrave-martillac
ch malarctic-lagraviere graves cru classe
sillage de malartic
ch la mission haut-brion graves cru classe
la chapelle de la mission
ch olivier graves cru classe
le seigneurie d'olivier du chateau olivier
ch pape clement graves cru classe
le clementin du pape clement
ch smith-haut-lafite graves cru classe
les hauts de smith
ch ausone premier grand gru classe A st-emilion
chappelle d'ausone
ch cheval blanc premier grand cru classe A st-emilion
la petit cheval
ch angelus premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
carillon d'angelus
ch beausejour premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
croix de beausejour
ch beau-sejour becot premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
tournelle de beau-sejour becot
ch canon premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
clos de canon
ch figeac premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
closerie de fourtet
ch la gaffeliere premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
clos la gaffeliere
ch magdelaine premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
sanges de magdelaine
ch pavie-macquin premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
les chenes de macquin
ch troplong mondot premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
mondot
ch trottevielle premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
la vielle dame de trotteveille
ch canon-la-gaffaliere grand cru st-emilion
cote mignon la gaffeliere
ch grand corbin-despagne grand cru classe st-emilion
petit corbin-despagne
clos fourtet grand crus classe B st-emilion
la closerie de fourtet
ch pavie premier grand cru classe B st-emilion
ch tour simard
ch chasse-spleen cru bourgeois medoc
l'ermitage de chasse-spleen & l'oratoire de chasse-spleen
ch haut-marbuzet cru borgeois medoc
ch maccarthy
ch labegorce zede cru borgeois medoc
domaine zede and Z de Zede
ch phelan segur cru borgeois
frank phelan
ch potensac cru borgeois medoc
la chapelle de potensac
ch pojeaux cru bourgeois medoc
la salle de poujeaux
ch citran cru bourgeois medoc
moulins de citran
st emilion satellites
st-georges, lussac, puisseguin, montagne
fixin 1er cru ac cote de nuits
les arvelets, clos du chapitre, le perriere, en suchot, le village
gevrey-chambertin 1er cru AC cote de nuits
aux combettes, les corbeaux, petit chapelle, la romanee, champitennois, cherbandes, au closeau
morey st denis 1er cru AC cote de nuits
clos des ormes, clos sorbe, les sorbes, les chaffots, aux charmes, les ruchots, les millandes, monts luissants, le village
chambolle-musigny 1er cru AC cote de nuits
les amoureuses, les charmes, les baudes, les lavrottes, les noirots, les plantes
vougeot 1er cru AC cote de nuits
les cras, clos de la perriere, les petit vougeots, la vigne blanche
vosne-romanee 1er cru AC cote de nuits
les bruless, en orveaux*, cros-parantoux, les petits-monts, les suchots, les beaux monts hauts*, le rouges du dessus*
nuits-st-georges 1er cru AC cote de nuits
les porets, les argillats, clos arlot, aux champ perdrix, les grandes vignes, la ronciere, les perrieres, les terres blanches, aux thorey
ladoix 1er cru cote de beaune
hauts morottes, rognet et corton, bois roussot, la micaude
pernand-vergelesses 1er cru AC cote de beaune
en cardeaux, creux de la net, les fichots, las basses vergelesses
aloxe-corton 1 er cru AC cote de beaune
les fournieres, les valozieres, les paulands, le mare chaudes, les moutottes, les meix, les vercots
savigny-les-beaune 1er cru AC cote de beaune
les lavieres, la dominode, aux vergelesses, les marconnets, aux guettes
beaune 1er cru AC cote de beaune
aux cras, clos de avaux, le clos de mouches, les cents vignes, les avaux, la vigne de l'enfant jesus, les vignes franches
pommard 1er cru AC cote de beaune
les rugiens-bas, les rugiens-hauts, les petits epenots, clos blanc, les grands epenots, la chaniere
volnay 1er cru AC cote de beaune
clos de ducs, clos de chene, taille pieds, bousse d'or, en cailleret, les caillerets, en champans, clos de 60 ouvrees, cailleret dessus
monthelie 1er cru AC cote de beaune
le cas rouget, les champs fulliot, les riottes, sur lavelle, la taupine, le meix bataille
auxey duresses 1er cru AC cote de beaune
bas de duresses, les bretterins, la chapelle, climat du val, les grands champs
meursault 1er cru Ac cote de beaune
les caillerets, les santenots blancs, les gouttes d'or, le jeunelotte, le porusot, la piece sous le bois, aux perrieres
blagny-meursault 1er cru cote de beaune
le jeunelotte, la piece sous le bois, sous blagny, hameau du blagny*, sous le puits*
puligny-montrachet 1er cru cote de beaune
le cailleret, les chalumeaux, peix bois, les pucelles, clos de la garenne
chassagne-montrachet 1er cru AC cote de beaune
les cchamps gain, dent de chien, la maltroie, vide bourse, vigne blanche, la chapelle, ez crets, ez crottes
saint-aubin 1er cru cote e beaune
les frionnes, les murgers des dents de chien, le charmois, le chateniere, les castets en remilly
Maranges
cheilly, dezize, sampigny
cheilly-les-maranges 1er cru AC cote de beaune
petit clos roussots, les clos roussots
sampigny-les-maranges 1 er cru cote de beaune
les clos des rois, les clos roussots
dezize-les-maranges 1er cru cote de beaune
la fussiere, clos de la fussiere
santenay 1er cru AC cote de beaune
clos de tavannes, les gravieres, la maladiere, la comme dessus
chablis 1er cru AC
montee de tonnerre, cote de lechet, les forets, fourchaume, mont de milieu, vaillons, vacoupin, vosgros, le forneaux, montmains
alsace grand cru AC
zotzenberg, altenberg de bergheim, hengst, bruderthal, furstentum, goldert, kessler, saering, rosacker, sommerberg, steinklotz, brand, kitterle, moenchberg
south burnett
queensland
glenrowan
victoria
beechworth
victoria
upper goulbourn
victoria
gippsland
victoria
sunbury
victoria
alpine valleys
victoria
swan hill
victoria
henty
victoria
gippsland
victoria
hastings river
nsw
southern highlands
nsw
shoalhaven coast
nsw
riverina
nsw
canberra district
nsw
pericoota
nsw
mt benson
SA
southern flinders ranges
SA
riverland
SA
kangaroo island
SA
currency creek
SA
robe
SA
swan district
WA
manjimup
WA
pemberton
WA
peel
WA
bad kreuznach
nahe
wehlen
mosel
eitelsbach
ruwer
forst
pfalz
ostreich
?
les porets
nuits st georges
clos des ormes
morey st denis
les amoureuses
chambolle musigny
clos des ducs
volnay
CDR villages
chusclan, cairanne, loudon, valreas, visan, saint gervais
weinvertal DAC
gruner veltliner
mittelburgenland DAC
blaufrankisch
treisental DAC
riesling and gruner veltliner
kamptal DAC
riesling and gruner veltliner
kremstal DAC
riesling and gruner veltliner
amyndeo AO or Amyntaion AO
macedonia, xinmavro
anchialos AO or Anhialos AO
thessaly/ savatiano, rhoditis, sykiotis
archanes AO or Arhanes AO
crete/ kotsifali, mandilaria
cotes de meliton AO or playies melitonia AO
macedonia/ assyrtico, athiri, cab f, cab s, cinsault, grenache, limnio- Chateau Porto Carras
dafnes AO
crete/ liatiko
drama TI
macedonia/ agiorgitiko, assyrtico, cab s, chard
epanomi TI
macedonia/ negoska, Xinomavro
goumenissa AO
macedonia / xinomavro, negoska - light bodied
kefalonia AO or Cephalonia AO
ionian islands/ mavrodaphne, muscat, robola
krania TI
thessaly/ cab s
limnos AO or lemnos AO
the aegean/ muscat… muscat of limnos grand cru is sweetest style
mantinia AO
peleponnese/ moscophilero dry white
messenikola AO
peleponnese/ mavro messenikola, carignane, syrah
naoussa AO
macedonia/ xinomavro
nemea AO
peloponesse/ agiorgitiko
pangeon TI
macedonia/ agirgitiko, CS, chard, merlot, semillon, syrah
paros AO
cyclades/ mandilaria,monemvassia
patras AO
peloponesse/ mavrodaphne, muscat
peza AO
crete/ kotsifalia, stavroto, xinomavro
rapsani AO
thessaly/ krasato, stavroto, xinomavro
retsina TA
central greece / rhoditis, savatiano
rodos AO or rhodes AO
the dodecanese/ red = 100% mandilaria, whites = 100% athiri
samos AO
aegean/ muscat blanc a petit grains
santorini AO
cyclades/ assyrtiko, aidani
sitia AO
crete/ liatiko, mandilaria, vilana, thrapsathiri
zitsa AO
epirus/ debina
greek reds
agiorgitiko (nemea), xinomavro (the north), mandilaria (aegean), limnio
greek whites
asyrtiko (santorini), rhoditis (patra), savatiano (attiki)
bucelas grapes
arinto, esgana cao (same grape as sercial, the dog strangler)
estremedura
bucelas, colares, carcavelos
colares grapes
no phylloxera/ ramisco = red, malavasia = white
carcavelos grapes
fortified region, white and red grapes, sweetend with abafado (fortified grape juice)
ribatejo VR grapes
white = arinto and talia (ugni blanc), red = castelao frances
terras do sado VR grapes
red = castelao frances, white = moscatel de setubal, arinto, escagana cao, chard
alentejo VR grapes
corks, red = aragonez, trincadeira, moreto, castelao frances
algarve
corks, tinta negra mole, trincadeira, periqueta (crato branco is dry fortified under film yeasts in a solera system- like sherry)
honjozu
alcohol added to the sake
blanco
zero to 60 days
reposado
60 days to one year
anejo
over one year
regions of tequila
jalisco, guanajuato, michoacan, nayarit, tamaulipas
mescal
from 10 types of agave, oaxaca is best, traditional method
bitters
campari (italy, herbs, fruit), angostura (trinidad, gentian, rum), fernet branca (italy, over 40 herbs fruits spices, oak aging for one year), underberg (germany, herbs from 43 different countries)
eau de vie
calvados (FR), pommeau (FR, 2/3 apple juice & 1/3 calvados- AC pommeau de normandie), framboise (raspberries- FR,GE Swiss), Kirsch (cherries- FR,GE,Swiss), mirabelle (small yellow plums), poire william (pears- FR,GE,Swiss), quetsch (red plums Alsace), Slivovitz (plums- balkan countries: known there as Rakia)
calvados
calvados, calvados domfrontais, calvados pays d'auge
vdl
pineau des charentes / pineau charente AOC (1/4 one year cognac added to 3/4 unfermented grape juice- vieux is aged 5 years), floc de gascogne (one year old armagnac), ratafia de champagne (adding marc de champagne to unfermented champagne must), australian muscats and liqueur tokays (muscadelles)
malaga grape
PX
aromatized wines
vermouth, barolo chinato, saint raphael (quinine)
coastal region
paarl, stellenbosch, tulbagh, tygerberg, cape darling, cape point, ward of constantia
breede river valley region
robertson, breedekloof, worcester
boberg
fortified wines of paarl and tulbagh
olifants river
citrusdal mountain, ditrusdal valley, lutzville valley- wards of piekenierskloof, spruitdrift, vrendendal
klein karoo
calizdorp, langeberg-garcia
marlborough sub regions
awetere valley, wairau valley
tasmania
North= pipers river, tamar valley, north west, South= derwent valley, huon valley, east coast, coal river
the great plain
csongrad, hajos-baja, kunsag Hungary!
bulgaria
danubian plane, black sea region, subbalkan region or rose valley region, thracian lowlands region, strouma valley region
northern hungary
eger, tokaj-hegyalia
trans danube
lake balaton, somlo, szekszard, villany siklos
hungary
great plain, northern hungary, trans danube
aegean islands
rhodes, samos, lemnos
cyclades
santorini GR
peleponesse
Nemea, Patras
ionian islands
kefalonia
epirus
zitsa
thessaly
anhialos, rapsani
macedonia
cotes de meliton, amyndeo, naoussa, goumenissa
minho VR
vinho verde
tras-os-montes VR
douro, porto
beiras VR
bairrada, dao, tavora-varose, beira interior
estramadura VR
bucelas, colares, carcavelos
ribatejano VR
ribatejo (sub regions= toma, almerim, cartaxo, chamusca, coruche, santarem)
terras do sado VR
palmela, setubal
alentejano VR
alentego (sub-regions= portalegre, borba, redondo, reguengas, vidigueira, evora, moura, granja-amereleja)
algarve VR
lagos, portimao, lagoa, tavira
acores VR
graciosa, pico, terceira All IPR's!
bergerac AC
similar to Bordeaux, adjoins St-Emilion in the north- AC Bergerac Sec means dry white wines
pecharment AC
AC within bergerac,m excellent wine
monbazillac ac
similar to sauternes of lower quality
cotes du duras AC
extension of entre-deux-mers, red white rose bordeaux varietals
cahors ac
SE of bergerac, on the River Lot- 70%min malbec, merlot, tannat
gaillac AC
SE of cahors, red, dry whites, roses- two sparkling wines Gaillac Mousseux & Gaillac mousseux Méthode Gaillacoise (similar to methode diosie ancestral)
jura
vin de paille, chateau chalon
chateau chalon
vin jaune, 62 cL clavelin bottle, savagnin grape- aged 6 years in barrels (not topped off), develops flor- unfortified, similar to sherry
arbois AC
jura, mainly for reds
savoie
whites, some reds and roses
jurancon
french pyrenees- gros manseng, petit manseng, camaralet, courbu, lauzet
madiran AC
sw corner of armagnac region: 40-60% of tannat
AC pacherenc du vic bilh
white wine produced in madiran, can be dry, sweet, or off dry
ac corbieres
red white rose in languedoc- best wine is ac corbieres boutenec (on limestone base)
fitou
2 parts- fitou maritime and fitou montagneux- both within and divided by corbieres / no more than 70% carignan
costieres de nimes
eastern languedoc, produces southern rhone style wines
limoux
SW of carcassonne / still, semi-sparkling, sparkling white wines: blanquette de limoux AC = 90% mauzac and chardonnay / cremant de limoux AC = max 90% chardonnay max 20% mauzac - some chenin blanc
syrah, roussane, marsanne
st joseph (15% white), hermitage (15% white), crozes hermitage (15%)
syrah, viognier
cote rotie (20% white)
s. rhone n>S
cotes du vivrais & tricastin up north, CNDP, BDV & gigondas in the middle, lirac, tavel, cotes de ventoux, cotes du luberon
What two yeasts are most commonly associated with lambic fermentation
Brettanomyces bruxellensis and Brettanomyces lambicus
namazake
unpasteurized sake
muroka
unfiltered
nigorizake
cloudy sake, loosely filtered from the mash and then unfiltered- much rice sediment in the bottle, shaken before serving
donburoku
home brew sake, typically cloudy and delicious
honjozo
slight amount of distilled sake has been added, created in the 60's
junmai-shu
pure sake, water, rice and koji only- at least 30% polished away
ginjo-shu
rice weight polished to 40% or less
daiginjo-shu
rice weight polished to 50% or less
junmai-shu
pure sake, no added fillers (rice, water, koji)
kura
sake brewery
sakagura
another name for a sake brewery
moromi
fermenting mixture of rice, water, koji and yeast
genshu
undiluted sake
toji
head brewer at a kura or sakagura
anthracnose
fungal disease, lesions on the leaves- common in humid areas, treated with Bordeaux mixture
armillaria root rot
fungal disease, white fungus under bark and in roots, treated by fumigation- no resistant rootstock
bacterial blight
bacterial, retards and kills young shoots- treated with copper
Bitter Rot
fungal disease, attacks damaged and over mature fruit (creates bitterness in the finished wine), treated with fungicide
black rot
fungal disease, moist humid weather conditions- destroys the crop, treated with open canopies and increased sun exposure
black wood
phytoplasm disease- spread by leafhoppers, growth reduction, reduces quality and yield of fruit
black xylem decline
possibly by fungus (rotting wood fungus)- similar to esca, treated with hot water
chlorosis
foliage turns yellow due to lack of chlorophyll, from iron deficeiency in limestone soils and other deficiencies as well- treated with using limestone resistant rootstocks
collar rot
fungal disease that attacks yourng vines in cool, moist soil- vines weaken and die / treated by removing soil at base of trunk and reducing soil moisture
crown gall
bacterial disease, growht of galls which prevent water from reaching the trunk
dead arm
fungal disease, found in areas that are wet during bud break- treated by removing the dead tissue and fungal treatments before during and after budbreak
downy mildew
fungal disease, caused by Plasmopara viticola- treated by bordeaux mixture
erinose mite
mite that loves grape vines, treated with sulfur- causes no real damage though their can be galls produced
esca
fungal disease, black measles- enters through wounds at the plant's surface (usually older plants 10+ years), black splotches on fruit and leaves- treated with sulfur
fanleaf degeneration
viral disease, spread by nematodes and causes leaves to shut down- killing the productivity of the vine / vines must be ripped out
fasciation
form of the viral desease fanleaf degeneration where abnormal shoot growth happens sided by side
flavescence doree
phytoplasm that reduces vitality and yields- fruit is high in acid and low in sugar and low in quality, spread by leaf hoppers
grapevine yellows
phytoplasm that reduces growth, causes leaf discoloration, leaf roling, and quality an dquantity of fruit is reduced- spread by leaf hoppers
peronospera
downy mildew, fungal disease
phomopsis
makes tissue brittle
pierce's disease
bacteriological- lethal to grape vines, no known cure- water is unable to travel through the vine
powdery mildew
infected plants have off flavors in wine and reduced yields- treated with sulfur
buttage
earthing up, to protect from frost (placing soil around vines)
baie
rack
bourbes
lees, sediment, "mud"
bourgeon
bud
clairet
pale red wine, rose
colle de poisson
isinglass
cuvage
fermenting in vats
ecoulage
free run
fut
cask
millesime
vintage, year
mutage
cutting wine with brandy to halt fermentation
pigeage
cap maceration
remontage
1. pumping over 2. repairing a vine covered hill after rain has washed away soil
soutirage
racking from cask to cask
debourbage
juice settling, racking before fermentation
remuage
riddling
degorgement
disgorging- sediment from the bottle in traditional method
cuvaison
maceration of red grapes in juice during fermantation
balthazar
16 bottles, 12 L
Salmanazar
12 bottles, 9 L
Methusaleh
8 bottles, 6 L
Rehoboam
6 bottles, 4.5 L (no longer made)
Jeroboam
4 bottles, 3 L
Marie Jean
2.25 L, Bordeaux, very rare
nebuchadnezzar
10 bottles, 15 L
clavelin
62 cL- used for vin jaune primarily
jennie
50 cL, used for tokaji, sauternes, jerez, sweet wines…
eutypa dieback
affects shoot growth, leaf development, kills all of or part of the vine in advanced stages- fungal disease- removal of part or all of the vine, no chemical treatment at this time
barack palinka
brandy base, apricots, unsweetened
five islands of scotch whiskey
orkney, jura, arran, mull, skye OJAMS- excludes islay
millerandage
shot berries cold or bad weather during flowering stage, leades to poor fruit set and develeopmet- berries are of different size and maturity levels
coulure
grapes fail to develop after flowering, caused by sugar (carbohydrate deficiency)
passerillage
drying out grapes before fermentation
regions of cognac
grande champagne, fine champagne, borderies, fins bois, bon bois, bois ordinaire
fine champagne
blend of grande and petite champagne cognacs, with at least half coming from grande champagne
pecharmant cepages
cab franc, cab sauv, cot (malbec), merlot
saussignac AC cepages
semillon, sauvignon blanc, muscadelle ondec, chenin blanc
monbazillac cepages
semillon, SB, muscadelle
where is ste croix du mont
sweet wine appelation on the right bank of the garonne, similar to Sauternes
cotes d'auvergne VDQS villages
boudes, chateaugay, chanturgue, corent, medargues
cotes d'auvergne VDQS
central valleys, to the west of beaujolais / chardonnay, PN, Gamay for a rose
cour-cheverney
tourraine, romarantin (in the loir-et-cher department)
clairette de die cepages, %'s
muscat blanc a petit grains min 75%, clairette max 25%
chateau rayas
chatea neuf du pape
l'echelle system
grand cru 100%, premier cru 90 - 99%, cru 80-89%
barolo communes (11)
barolo, monforte, serralunga d'alba, la morra d'alba, grinzane cavour, castiglione falletto, novello, roddi, cherasco, verduno, diano d'alba
barbaresco regions (3)
barbaresco, neive, treiso
notable barolo crus
barolo commune- cannubi, sarmazza, brunate (shared with La Morra), la morra commune- cerequi, rocche / serralunga commune- lazzarito, vigna rionda / monforte commune- bussia, ginestra, santo stefan di perno / castiglione falletto commune- monprivato, villero
notable barbaresco crus
barbaresco commune- montefico, montestefano, rabaja / treiso commune- pajore / neive commune- bricco di nieve, santo stefano, albesani, gallina
Grape of Taurasi DOCG
Aglianico, DOCG from Campania
grape of Fiano di Avolino DOCG
white wine from Campania, grape is Fiano
What is Greco di Tufo
DOCG white from Campania, Greco is the grape
What is Taburno
DOC red from campania, Aglianico is the grape
What is the Sicilian DOCG & Grape
Cerasuolo di Vittoria, red wine DOCG, the grape is Nerello Calabrese
Styles of Marsala
Fine, Superiore, Vergine, Solera
Grapes of Marsala
Grillo, Cataratto, Nerello, Inzolia
Best grape of Valpolicella
Corvino
Refosco is known as what?
Same as Mondeuse, called this in Friuli
Styles of wine of Coli Orientali
R- Int'l varietieals, merlot W- Int'l variteals, friulano SW- Ramandalo
Biggest appelation of Friuli and grape?
Friuli-Grave, Merlot
What is Cargmignano DOCG
Red, 65% Sangiovese and up to 20% Cab Sauv, Tuscany
Aging requirement for Brunello
2 years wood, 2 years bottle / riserva 3 years wood, 2 years bottle
Chianti DOCG rules
min 80% Sangiovese, up to 20% white grapes Trebbiano and Cannaiolo
Chianti Classico DOCG rules
may be 100% sangioves, up to 10% Cab Sauv
Chianti Sub Regions
Chaint Paisano, Chianti Rufina, Chianto Arienti, Montalbano, Colli senesi, Chianti Classico, Chianti Florentini
Vino Nobile di Montalcino aging rules
2 years, min 12 months in wood
Montefalco di Sangrantino rules
DOCG from Umbria, dry and sweet red DOCG
Torgiano Riserva rules
DOCG from Umbria, Sangiovese based- .5% higher alcohol than regular Torgiano
Albana di Romagna
1st white DOCG (1987), in Emilia-Romagna, made from Albana- dry, off-dry, sweet, passito styles
Vernaccia di Serepetrone rules
DOCG from Marches, grapes are Vernaccia/Sangiovese/Montepulciano- semi sweet, sweet, spumante reds
Uva di Troia is?
grape from Apulia, speciafically Castel del Monte, IlFalcone- riserva from rivera is best
Zones of Barbaresco
Barbaresco, Treisa, Neivo
What is cinque terre
DOC from Liguria, grape is Bosco
Sub districts of valtellina
inferno, grumello, sasella, vagella, stagliafasi, maroggia
Where is Santa Maddelena
generic appelation of alto adige, schiava is the dominant grape
Catch all DOC for Alto Adige
Valdadige
River of Barolo and Barbaresco?
Tanaro
Soils of Barolo?
Tortanian, Helevatian
the zones of Barolo
La Morra, Castiglione Falleto, Barolo, Monforte d'Alba, Serralunga d'Alba
Grape of Taurasi DOCG
Aglianico, DOCG from Campania
grape of Fiano di Avolino DOCG
white wine from Campania, grape is Fiano
What is Greco di Tufo
DOCG white from Campania, Greco is the grape
What is Taburno
DOC red from campania, Aglianico is the grape
What is the Sicilian DOCG & Grape
Cerasuolo di Vittoria, red wine DOCG, the grape is Nerello Calabrese
Styles of Marsala
Fine, Superiore, Vergine, Solera
Grapes of Marsala
Grillo, Cataratto, Nerello, Inzolia
Best grape of Valpolicella
Corvino
Refosco is known as what?
Same as Mondeuse, called this in Friuli
Styles of wine of Coli Orientali
R- Int'l varietieals, merlot W- Int'l variteals, friulano SW- Ramandalo
Biggest appelation of Friuli and grape?
Friuli-Grave, Merlot
What is Cargmignano DOCG
Red, 65% Sangiovese and up to 20% Cab Sauv, Tuscany
Aging requirement for Brunello
2 years wood, 2 years bottle / riserva 3 years wood, 2 years bottle
Chianti DOCG rules
min 80% Sangiovese, up to 20% white grapes Trebbiano and Cannaiolo
Chianti Classico DOCG rules
may be 100% sangioves, up to 10% Cab Sauv
Chianti Sub Regions
Chaint Paisano, Chianti Rufina, Chianto Arienti, Montalbano, Colli senesi, Chianti Classico, Chianti Florentini
Vino Nobile di Montalcino aging rules
2 years, min 12 months in wood
Montefalco di Sangrantino rules
DOCG from Umbria, dry and sweet red DOCG
Torgiano Riserva rules
DOCG from Umbria, Sangiovese based- .5% higher alcohol than regular Torgiano
Albana di Romagna
1st white DOCG (1987), in Emilia-Romagna, made from Albana- dry, off-dry, sweet, passito styles
Vernaccia di Serepetrone rules
DOCG from Marches, grapes are Vernaccia/Sangiovese/Montepulciano- semi sweet, sweet, spumante reds
Uva di Troia is?
grape from Apulia, speciafically Castel del Monte, IlFalcone- riserva from rivera is best
Zones of Barbaresco
Barbaresco, Treisa, Neivo
What is cinque terre
DOC from Liguria, grape is Bosco
Sub districts of valtellina
inferno, grumello, sasella, vagella, stagliafasi, maroggia
Where is Santa Maddelena
generic appelation of alto adige, schiava is the dominant grape
Catch all DOC for Alto Adige
Valdadige
River of Barolo and Barbaresco?
Tanaro
Soils of Barolo?
Tortanian, Helevatian
the zones of Barolo
La Morra, Castiglione Falleto, Barolo, Monforte d'Alba, Serralunga d'Alba
Grape of Taurasi DOCG
Aglianico, DOCG from Campania
grape of Fiano di Avolino DOCG
white wine from Campania, grape is Fiano
What is Greco di Tufo
DOCG white from Campania, Greco is the grape
What is Taburno
DOC red from campania, Aglianico is the grape
What is the Sicilian DOCG & Grape
Cerasuolo di Vittoria, red wine DOCG, the grape is Nerello Calabrese
Styles of Marsala
Fine, Superiore, Vergine, Solera
Grapes of Marsala
Grillo, Cataratto, Nerello, Inzolia
Best grape of Valpolicella
Corvino
Refosco is known as what?
Same as Mondeuse, called this in Friuli
Styles of wine of Coli Orientali
R- Int'l varietieals, merlot W- Int'l variteals, friulano SW- Ramandalo
Biggest appelation of Friuli and grape?
Friuli-Grave, Merlot
What is Cargmignano DOCG
Red, 65% Sangiovese and up to 20% Cab Sauv, Tuscany
Aging requirement for Brunello
2 years wood, 2 years bottle / riserva 3 years wood, 2 years bottle
Chianti DOCG rules
min 80% Sangiovese, up to 20% white grapes Trebbiano and Cannaiolo
Chianti Classico DOCG rules
may be 100% sangioves, up to 10% Cab Sauv
Chianti Sub Regions
Chaint Paisano, Chianti Rufina, Chianto Arienti, Montalbano, Colli senesi, Chianti Classico, Chianti Florentini
Vino Nobile di Montalcino aging rules
2 years, min 12 months in wood
Montefalco di Sangrantino rules
DOCG from Umbria, dry and sweet red DOCG
Torgiano Riserva rules
DOCG from Umbria, Sangiovese based- .5% higher alcohol than regular Torgiano
Albana di Romagna
1st white DOCG (1987), in Emilia-Romagna, made from Albana- dry, off-dry, sweet, passito styles
Vernaccia di Serepetrone rules
DOCG from Marches, grapes are Vernaccia/Sangiovese/Montepulciano- semi sweet, sweet, spumante reds
Uva di Troia is?
grape from Apulia, speciafically Castel del Monte, IlFalcone- riserva from rivera is best
Zones of Barbaresco
Barbaresco, Treisa, Neivo
What is cinque terre
DOC from Liguria, grape is Bosco
Sub districts of valtellina
inferno, grumello, sasella, vagella, stagliafasi, maroggia
Where is Santa Maddelena
generic appelation of alto adige, schiava is the dominant grape
Catch all DOC for Alto Adige
Valdadige
River of Barolo and Barbaresco?
Tanaro
Soils of Barolo?
Tortanian, Helevatian
the zones of Barolo
La Morra, Castiglione Falleto, Barolo, Monforte d'Alba, Serralunga d'Alba
5 specifics of erste gewachs
1. rheingau only 2. dry in style 3. can chaptalize 4. tasted using the senses 5. max yields are 50 hl/ha
7 main specifics of grosses gewachs
1. wine must come from highly rated vineyards 2. dry in style with no pradikat mentioned 3. min spatlese must weight 4. tated using the senses 5. hand harvested 50 hl/ha 6. comes from germany 7. cannot chaptilize
3 specifics of erste lagen
1. mosel only 2. no chaptilization allowed 3. translated into 1st site
4 quality levels for VDP's
1.erste gewachs 2. gross gewachs 3. klassifizierte lagenwein (harvested at a max of 65hl/ha) 4. gutsweine
weisherbst?
single variety rose with varietal stated, found in baden
schillerwein?
co-fermented rose from scwartz riesling, wurttemburg
classic wine?
max yields 60 hl/ha, auslese ripeness levels, einzellage specific, RS=1.5x's the amt of acid
sugar levels for trocken and halbtrocken
9 g/l for trocken, 18 g/l for halb-trocken
anreiching
chaptalization
sub districts of rias baixas
condado do tea, o rosal, soutomajor, ribiera de ulla, val do salnes
regions of armagnac
haut-armagnac, bas-armagnac, tenareze
AC's of armagnac
armagnac, srmagnac-tenareze, bas-armagnac, haut-armagnac
regions of cognac
grande champagne, petite champagne, borderies, fins bois, bons bois, bois ordinaires/bois a terroir
bollinger
grande annee
krug
krug collection, grand cuvee
laurent perrier
grand siecle
louis roederer
cristal
moet & chandon
dom perignon
perrier jouet
belle epoque
pol roger
winston churchill
pommery
cuvee louise
ruinart
dom ruinart
taittinger
comtes de champagne
jacquesson
grand signature
bottle sizes
bottle, magnum, jeroboam 3L, methusaleh 6L, salmanazar 9L, balthazar 12 L, nebuchadnezzar 15L
putton and gonc sizes
20-25 kg / 28 L, 136 Liters for a gonc
bulgaria
danubian plain region, black sea region, subbalkan region, thracian region, strouma region
veneto DOC
bardolino, gambellara, torcolato breganze, amarone
districts of burgundy
chablis (yonne), cote de nuits, hautes cotes de nuits, cote de beaune, hautes cote de beaune, cote challonaise or region de mercurey, cote macconais, beaujolais
what is maury
R,W,rose VDN in rousillon- grenache, similar to banyuls- table wines are cotes du rousillon villages AC
grapes of st peray
marsanne, roussanne- sparkling wine, southernmost region of the N. Rhone
what is rasteau
VDN red wines form the southern rhone- can actually come from rasteau, cairanne, sablet, table R,W,Ro are CDR villages
best soil of sherry
albarizo- best, classified into pagos- largest is macharnudo, miraflores and anina are also important
soils of sherry
albarizo- mainly chalk, arenas- sandy, barros-clay
dos malvedos
graham's
quinta do seixo
ferreira
do panascal
fonseca