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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
BKA
below the knee amputation
fasiotomy
open the fasia (covers muscles) to relieve pressure
treatment of systemmic lupus erythematose
-avoid sunlight
-pain meds
-cortiod steroids
Progressive systemmic scerosis (scleroderma)
-inflammation causes scarring and hardening of skin tissue
THA
total hip athroplasty
Osteoarthritis (DJD)
degeneration of articular cartilage from prolomg wear and tear; most common connective tissue dissorder; primary and secondary
Hematoma
collection of bld at wound incision
Strains
soft tissue injury, muscle or tendon excessively streched
Amputation
-removal of a limb, unless medical emergency other conditions treated first..infection and such
-pain control, body image, infection, hemmorrage
Total hip replacement
-use 2 piece device
-elective procedure
-LOS 3-5 days
-Use of abductor pillows
Primary osteoarthritis
caused by aging, obesity and physical activity
Musculoskeletal surgery
-total jnt replacement
-THA
-Athroplasty(jnt replacement)post-op=abductor pillow, no cross legs, heels off bed
bursae
fluid in joints
Rheumatoid arthritis
chronic,progressive disease; autoimmune; reacurrent inflammation; symptoms=fever, fatigue, wght loss, jnt pain; treatment=meds, rest,heat/cold
Carpal tunnel
compression of medain nerve with in the carpal tunnel
Secondary osteoarthritis
caused by trauma, sepsis and result of rheumatoid arthritis
Bones of the body
-206 total
-short...fingers
-long...legs, arms
-flat...skull
-irregular...vertebrae
CMS
color, motion and sensation
CPM
Continues passive motion (a machine to exercise)
Systemmic Lupus Erythematose
believe to be autoimmune; red butterfly rash on face; affects only skin
athrogram
inject a dye to get a x-ray picture
Total knee athroplasty (TKA)
-use of CPM for flexations
-check dressings and drains
-pain, meds, TEDS(sockings)
TKA
Total knee amputation
Athrocentisis
removal of fluid from a jnt
Athroscopy
internal inspection of jnt with a scope
Sprains
ligament injury (surrounding a jnt)
treatment of gout
-meds(nsaids, allopurinal..)
-decrease protein in diet
-bed cradle
-surgery
-increase fluid
Tendons
connect bone to muscle
ligaments
connects joints
AKA
above the knee amputation
ORIF
Open reduction internal fixation
Gout
systemmic connective tissue disorder; unable to metabolize purines leads to acid build up;jnt becomes painful;common in big toe;can cause kidney stones
CRIF
Closed reduction internal fixation
synovial fluid analysis
drain fluid and analyize
Blood tests
-use to test Rheumatoid factor
-ESR (ethrocyte sedimentation rate or set rate)
Pagets disease
disorganized bone deposits throughout body, often noticable, calcintonin rehibits bone resorption
bone cancer
-not all are malignant
-may be primary or metastasis
-hypercalcemia (in bld...)
Dislocation
surface of jnt no longer in contact, pops out of place
osteomylitis
infection of a bone, bone tissue become necrotic(dead) may require surgery or amputaion, aseptic techniques
sublaxation
partial dislocation
osetoporosis
most common in in hip, vertebrae, wrist; high fracture risk, most frequent in menopausal women
Fracture
break in continuity of bone, several types(clavical,ribs,
spine,pelvis,femur); use of traction to take away pain and musle spasms
Fracture
break in continuity of bone, several types, use of traction to take away pain and musle spasms
Care of a cast
keep dry, often splinted til swelling decrease, use of meds for pain, constipation and exercise
Compartment syndrome
circulartory disorder, cause by swelling and pressure, emergency, fasiotomy and six P's