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9 Cards in this Set

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Microcytic(iron deficiency anemia) definition
hypochromic anemia with a mean corpuscular volume (MCV) <80u3 caused by insufficient iron for hemoglobin synthesis; may be normocytic, normochromic in early stage
Symtoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia
easily fatigued, dyspnea with exertion, dizziness, listless, pallor, faintness, weakness, headaches, tachycardia, wide pulse pressure, heart murmurs, myocardial hypertrophy, angina, anorexia, pica
differential diagnosis for iron deficiency anemia
THALASSEMIA
SIDEROBLASTIC ANEMIA
ANEMIA OF CHRONIC DISEASE
LEAD POISONING
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS FOR IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA
HEMOGLOBIN <13 g/dL MALES ;
<12 g/dL in females
Hct <42% males <36% femles
Low erythrocyte count RBC
Increased red cell distribution width (RDW)
Microcytic Anemia Types
Iron deficiency
Thalassemia
Thalassemia definition
group of genetic inherited syndromes of abnormal hemoglobin synthesis
Thalassemia differential diagnosis
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Sideroblastic Anemia
Anemia of Chronic disease
Lead poisoning-not common unless occupation related
Signs and symptoms of iron overload
weakness/lassitude, loss of body hair, wt loss, palmar erythema, gynecomastia, loss of libido, abdominal pain, thinning, darking of skin, pain and or joint stiffness, blurred vision, SOB, swelling in ankles
Macrocytic Anemia types
Pernicious Anemia
Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia