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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Study of distribution & determinants of health events in human populations.
The results of these studies are then applied to the control of health problems.
Who has it, how lg of a group.
Interventions/exposures occurring to the population, air pollution, education program, vaccination, etc...
How is Epidemiologic data used?
To determine if current knowledge is accurate & complete?
By analyzing this data we are better able to explain the etiology of dz.
Eevelop control measures & prevention procedures for groups at risk.
To evaluate the sucess of practices and intervention programs.
Target subjects of epidemiology are:
A group or population not individuals.
Community Diagnosis?
What are the dz, conditions, injuries, disorders, disabilities, defects causing illness, health problems or death in a community or region?
(how is that community or region unique, regarding health problems and risks for dz)
How is epidemiology applied in the study of the history of a disease.
Trends of a disease are studied for the preciction of a trend.
Information in planning for health services & public health.
Epidemiology & the science of public health:
They use the statistics to quantify the distribution & determinants of health events.
They come to conclusions or develop hypothesis'.
Risk factors?
Risk factors are used to identify the problem by health screening, med exam, dz assessments, etc...
Causes and sources of dz are determined to-
Design a program to control, prevent & eliminate causes of dz.
Assessment, evaluation & research
Is public health & health services meeting the needs of the population?
Effectiveness &efficiency of programs are studied.
Examples of epidemiological topics:
Infectious dz, Environment, Chronic dx, Life style, Health promotion, Psychologic & social factors, Genetic epidemiology, Neuroepidemiology, Molecular, epidemiology.
Scope of epidemiology:
Endemic-normal for the poplulation.
Epidemic-outbreak of a dz in excess of the usual.
Pandemic- a epicemic widespread across a country or the world.
Epidemiology bottom line:
All recommendations a practioner makes for healthcare promotion, dz prevention & tx are based on epidemiology.
How is community health improved?
Using biostatistics to compile epidemiologic data, then applied to communties. (public health, standards of practice, grants for agencies to implement.
Healthy people 2010
Department of Health & Human Services made a comprehensive national plan for health promotion & dz prevention. 467 objectives aimed at improving the health of all people in the US by 2010.
2 overlapping goals of Healthy people 2010:
1. Increase quality & years of healthy life.
2. Eliminate health disparities.
HP 2010 leading health indicators:
Px Activity, Overwt & Obesity, Tabacco Use, Substance Abuse, Responsible Sexual Behavior, Mental Health, Injury & Violence, Environmental Quality, Izz, Access to Health Care.
Health indicatiors are meant to-
help people more easily understand the importance of health promotion & dz prevention.
To encourage participation in improving health.
National centers for health statistics is responsible for -
coordination & monitoring the US progress toward the objectives. (data is gathered from >190 different sources.