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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the five P's of Neurovascular Assessment?
Pulses, Pain, Paresthesia, Paralysis, Pallor
What nursing interventions are utilized for sprains, strains, and fractures immediately?
RICE
-Rest
-Ice
-Compression
-Elevation
What are the risk factors for a hip fracture?
Age, osteoporosis, menopause, corticosteroid therapy, smoking, no exercising
What is the maximum dosage of Acetaminophen that can be given in a day?
4g
What is compartment syndrome?
increased pressure within one or more compartments causes massive compromise of circulation to the area
What is the dosage of Narcan?
0.4mg added to 3mL of normal saline and pushed at 1mL/min
What are the risk factors for osteoporosis?
Age
Gender
Smoking
Caucasian
Post Menopausal
Lifelong Ca deficiency
Family Hx
What patient instructions would you give to someone taking Fosamax?
sit upright for 30minutes
take only with water and 30 min b4 eating
Do not bend or recline for the 30 min
What are the signs and symptoms of Paget's disease?
bone pain worse at night or at rest especially in long bones
What interventions would be utilized in the care of Paget's disease?
Aspirin, NSAIDS, biphosphates, heat, and massage
What are the risk factors for gout?
diet, obesity, HTN, diuretic, excess ETOH
What medications would be used to treat Gout?
Zyloprim, Benemid, Colchicine
What are the risk factors for osteoarthritis?
Age, obesity, genetics, lack of exercise
What are the clinical manifestations of osteoarthritis?
joint pain, changes, and pain progressing to disability
What medications are given to aid in osteoarthritis?
Halgan and Synvisc injections which act as a short term lubricant
What are the early signs of RA?
VAGUE
fatigue, wt loss, generalized stiffness, articular pain
What are the late signs of RA?
Muscle atrophy, showgrin
What clinical manifestations differentiate RA from OA?
RA progresses faster with more pain. Appears hot, red, and swollem. Multiple joints are effected with more system manifestations(fatigue, weakness, anorexia, wt loss, fever, anemia)
Rheumatrex, used in the treatment of RA, does what?
antiinflammatory effect causing bone marrow suppression
What are the risk factors for low back pain?
obesity, occupation, smoking
What are the clinical manifestations of fat emboli syndrome?
altered LOC, Respiratory distress, tachycardia, tachypnea, and petechiae
What is osteomyelitis?
an infection of the bone, either hematogenous or contiguous and either acute or chronic