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84 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Norepinephrine
What is it?
Dopamine
What is it?
Epinephrine
What is it?
Isoproterenol
What is it?
Amphetamine
What is it?
Phenylephrine
What is it?
Ephedrine
What is it?
Methoxamine
What is it?
Beta 2 agonists
-terol, -but

Albuterol
Salmeterol
Terbutaline
Metaproterenol
Ritodrine
Alpha 2 agonists
DineGuanDopa

Clonidine
Guanfacine
Guanabenz
alpha methyldopa
Beta 1 agonists
DoXaPren

Dobutamine
Xameterol
Prenalterol
Alpha 1 agonists
PMMM, PhenMidMetaMetho

Phenylephrine
Midodrine
Metaraminol
Methoxamine
Substitution on N give compound what property?
Increased Beta effect

Isoproterenol
Removal of hydroxyl from benzene ring give compound what property
Less polar, can cross BBB

Amphetamine, Ephedrine
Tx for cardiogenic shock
Dobutamine B1
Tx for cardiac arrest
Epinephrine
Tx for anaphylaxis
Epi
Tx for asthma
Beta 2 sel.

Albuterol
Salambutol
Terbutaline
Salmeterol
Nasal/ocular decongestant
Oxymetazoline
Xylometazoline
Terahydrozoline
Teaching about Nasal/Ocular decongestant use
If they dont work after the first use try something else, repeated use may cause hypotension due to clonidine like stimulation
Delay of premature labor
Terbutaline
Salbutamol
Ritodrine
Blocks VMAT
Reserpine
Inhibits Dopamine synthesis
Carbidopa

Blocks Dopa decarboxylase
Inhibits uptake 1
Cocaine
Imipramine - TCA
Desipramine - TCA
Blocks COMT
Tolcapone
MAOIs
Selegiline
Pargyline
Promotes NE release, dietary restriction w/ MAOI
Tyramine
CNS stimulants
Amphetamine - Narcolepsy
Methylphenidate - ADHD
Dopamine agonists
Bromocriptine
Fenoldopam
Dopamine
NS Beta agonist
Isoproterenol
Beta 3 agonists
research drugs

#' & letters
NS adrenergic agonist
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Appetite suppressant
Ephedrine
Amphetamine
CNS stimulant, inreased mood & alertness
Amphetamine
Can act as an inotrope or pressor depending on dose
Dopamine

Renal efect @ low dose
Beta effect @ med. dose
alpha efect at high dose
NS adrenergic blockers
Labetalol
Carvedilol
NS alpha blockers
Phentolamine - reversible
Phenoxybenzamine - irrev.
Used in treatment of pheochromocytoma
Phenoxybenzamine
Alpha 1 blockers
-azosins

Prazosin
Doxazosin
Terazosin
Indoramine
Alpha 2 blockers
Yohimbine
Rauwolscine
Tolazoline
NS beta blockers
PROs CARry SOme PENs to PINch TIMs NADs

Propranolol
Carteolol
Sotalol
Penbutolol
Pindalol
Timolol
Nadolol
Beta 1 blockers
MEn ATE CELery ESpecially BETween ACts

Metoprolol
Atenolol
Celiprolol
Esmolol
Betaxolol
Acebutolol
Beta 2 blockers
Butoxamine
Beta 3 blockers
#'3 & letters

Rsearch drugs
Which alpa 1 agonist is a produg?
Midorine

PO Neo (Neosynephrine)
Midodrine
PO alpha 1 agonist
Tx postural hypotension
May cause hypertension when supine
Clonidine
alpha 2 agonist

Tx HTN & Glaucoma
(apraclonidine)
ETOH/Opiate withdrawl
Suppress diarrhea in diabetics
Guanabenz
Alpha 2 agonist

Tx HTN
Guanfacine
Alpha 2 agonist

Tx HTN
Alpha methyldopa
alpha 2 agonist

Tx HTN
Dobutamine
Beta 1 agoinst
Tx cardiogenic shock
Racemic mixture: +isomer is a beta 1 agonist & alpha 1 blocker, -isomer is an alpha 1 agonist. result is B1 effect only
xameterol
beta 1 agonist

increases CO, has less bronchodilation & tachycardia effect
Metaproterenol
Beta 2 > beta 1 agonist

Tx bronchospasm/asthma
Terbutaline
Beta 2 agonist

Tx asthma, premature labor
Albuterol
Beta 2 agonist

Tx bronchospasm/asthma
Ritodrine
Beta 2 agonist

iv to Relax uterus & delay labor
Salmeterol
Formaterol
Beta 2 agonist

long (12 hr.) duration due to lipid solubility

Tx asthma
Albuterol
Pirbuterol
Bitolterol
Metaproterenol
Terbutaline
beta 2 agonists

Tx asthma
Phenmetrazine
Sympathomimetic

similar to amphetamine

Appetite supressant
Pemoline
Methyphenidate
Amphetamine variants
Phenylpropanolamine
Sympathomimetic

in OTC wight loss products

Weak mood effect
Psuedoephedrine
Sympathomimetic

in OTC decongestants

treat stress incontinence in women
Ephedrine
Sympathomimetic

Long duration of action
Releases stored NE/EPI
Mimics Epi in effect

Nasal decongestant and pressor
Cocaine
Sympathomimetic

blocks uptake 1, increasing duration of NE in synapse
Tyramine
Symopathomimetic

Releases stored catecholamines
Effect is increased in presence of MAOI
Dietary restriction w/ MAOI
Avoid tyramine containing foods
Mixed acting Sympathomimetics
PEP

Phenylpropanolamine
Ephedrine
Pseudoephedrine
Inhibits vesicular fusion & release of NE
Guanethedine
Bretylium
Used to treat frostbite & diagnose pheochromocytoma
Phentolamine
Timolol
NS beta blocker

No local anesthetic effect
Glaucoma tx via dec. AH production
Used to treat complete heart block
Isoproterenol
Epinephrine
Used to treat CHF
Dobutamine
Class of drugs used to treat asthma
Beta 2 agonists
Alpha 1 agonist
used as a mydriatic agent for retinal examination

Used as a decongestant
Blocks rate-limiting step of catecholamine synthesis
Metyrosine

Blocks tyrosine hydroxylase
Carbidopa
Inhibits dopa decarboxylase & dopamine synthesis

May cause depression
Alpha 2 blockers used in glaucoma
Apraclonidine
Brimonidine
D1 agonist used to increase renal blood flow
Fenoldopam
Agents used to treat cardiogenic shock
Dopamine
Dobutamine
Epinephrine use in glaucoma
increases outflow of AH
MOA of apriclonidine & brimonidine
Decrease AH secretion
MOA of Timolol,Betaxolol, Carteolol
Decrease AH secretion
Long acting Beta blocker
Nadolol
Pemoline
Used to treat ADHD

Withdrawn due to Hepatic Failure