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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Dyadic Relationship
a relationship of two persons
Family System Approach
according to the approach one must understand family functioning one must understand how each relationship within the family influences the family as a whole.
Midlife Crisis
a popular belief that at about 40 most people experience a crisis were they evaluate their lives & if unsatisfied make sudden & dramatic changes
Caregiver Relationship
one sibling serves parental functions for the other
Buddy Relationship
siblings treat each other as friends
Critical Relationship
characterized by a high level of conflict & teasing
Rival Relationship
siblings compete agianst one another & measure their sucess agianst one another
Casual Relationship
the relationship between siblings is not emotionally intense, and they may have little to do with one another
the degree to which parents set down rules & expectations for behavior & require their children to comply with them
the degree to which parents are sensative to their children's needs & express love, warmth, and concern for their children
Authoritative Parents
high in demandingness & high in responsiveness
Parenting Styles
the kind of practices exhibit in relation to their children & the effects of these practices
Authoritarian Parents
high in demandingness & low in responsiveness
Permissive Parents
high in demandingness & high in responsiveness
Disengaged Parents
low in both demandingess & responsiveness
Reciprical, Bidirectional Effects
children & adolescents are affected by their parents & inturn the children affect their parents
Differential Parenting
Parents behavior is often differe toward siblings within the same family
Nonshared Environmental Influences
siblings experienced quite different family environments, and the consequences of these differences were evident in adolescents behavior and psychological functioning
Filial Piety
meaning that children are expected to respect obey and revere their parents throughout life
Traditional Parenting Style
the kind of parenting typical in traditional cultures-high in responsiveness & high in a kind of demandingness that does not encourage discussion & debate but rather expects compliance by virtue of cultural beliefs supporting the inherent authority of the parental role
emphasizes love, closeness, and mutual obligations of latino family life
Attachment Theory
humans as amoung other primates, atachments between parents and children have an evolutionary basis in the needs for vulnerable young members of the specis to stay in close proximity to adults who will care for & protect them.
Secure Attachment
infants use the mother as a "secure base from which to explore" when all is well, but seek physical comfort & consolation from her if frieghtened or threatened
Insecure Attachment
infants are timid about exploring the enviroment & resist or avoid the caregive when she attempts to offer comfort
Internal Working Model
the term for the cognitive framework, based on interactions in infancy with the primary caregiver, that shapes expectations & interactions in relationships throughout life
the quality of being emotionally close to another person
Affective Functions
emotional functions of the family, partaining to love, nurturance, and attachment
Custodial Parent
the parent who lives in the same houshold as the children following the divorce
Dual Earner Families
mothers followed fathers ofut of the home & into the workplace
Family structure
outward characteristics of the family whether or not parents are married
Family Process
quality of family members relationships, how much warmth or hostility there is between them and so on
Divorce Mediation
a professional mediator meets with divorcing parents to help them negiote an agreement they both find acceptable