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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
period of transition spanning the second decade of life during which a person's biological, psychological, and social characteristics undergo change in an interrelated manner and the person goes from being childlike to adultlike.
storm and stress
Phrase often used to stereotype general and universal turmoil throughout the adolescent years.
Developmental trajectories
Individual's path through life as influenced by combinations of biology, psychology, and context unique to each person
Environments in which an individual exists such as family, school, work, and culture.
Levels of a person's social context that influence individual development
social role
Socially prescribed set of behaviors that society believes is important for its maintenance and perpetuation.
Intervention studies
Research designed to understand how changing aspects of the social world or an individual's behavior can lead to improvements in a person's life.
Actions taken by social institutions (the enactment of laws), such as governments to ensure or increase desired behaviors (better school performance) or to decrease unwanted behaviors (drunk driving).
Life-span perspective
Approach that characterizes individual development as occurring across a lifetime through the combination of internal and external ifluences; the approach stresses differences within and between people and attempts to optimize lifetime development.
Research and knowledge from diverse fields.
Developmental tasks
Behavior that must be achieved at a particular age or stage in order for adaptive development to occur.
Understanding of who you are as a person based on how you view yourself physically, psychologically, and socially.
Adaptive functioning
Development that responds to biological, psychological, and social influences n ways that are healthy, positive, and successful.
Inter-individual differences
Variability between people that leads to different developmental outcomes.
Intra-individual changes
Alterations within a person that occur with development.
Standardized procedures followed to enable a person or group to increase desired behaviors (the enhancement of literacy through instruction in reading) or to decrease unwanted ones (school dropout).
Exceptionless generalization or commonly held belief about a group (adolescents) or social institution (fraternities or sororites).
Culturally conditioned
Ideas, views, beliefs, attitudes, or values engendered by the social, cultural, and historical enviornment in which we live.
Cognitive reorganization
Changes in the way a person thinks or reasons.
"Continuous growth"
Developmental path through adolescence characterized by smooth, nonabrupt change.
"Surgent Growth"
Developmental path through adolescence characterized by abrupt spurts or changes in behavior, but not necessarily with turmoil, storm, or stress.
"Tumultuous growth"
Developmental path through adolescence experienced by a milority of adolescents, characterized by turmoil, storm, and stress.
Cross-cultural variation
Differences in values, beliefs, attitudes, and action that occur between societies.