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25 Cards in this Set

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ethnic identity
not part of the white mahority, integrating a sense of ethnic identity into their overall sense of personal identity is likely to be an important task of late adolescence, perhaps as important as establishing a coherent occupational, ideological, or interpersonal identity
racial socialization
process through which parents attempt to teach their children about their ethnic identity and about the special experiences they may encounter within the broader society as a result of their ethnic background
false self behavior
they devalue their true self, in contrast to those who put on a false front becasue they want to please others
social redefinition- Mead
an individuals position or status is redesigned by a society. passage from childhood into adulthood vary across time and space, the presence during ado. of some sort of recognition that the individuals status has changed
scarification
the intentional creation of scars on some part or parts of the body often done as part of an initiation ceremony.
social redefinition in contemporary society
having no formal ceremonies marking the tradition. attainint adult status. starting employment, moving out of the house, votint
contentious transition
pre industrial times

a passage into adulthood in which adult roles and statuses are entered into gradually
discontentious transition
a passage into adulthood in which adult roles and statuses are entered into abruptly
school reform
over the last decade or so, politician sand parents have sounded the cry for schools to scale down their general education offerings and place greater emphasis on the traditional academic subjects.. math science...
school reform early 1970
education reformers claimed that schools were not preparing young pepole for the roles thay would face as adults. by late 70's over 40% of all high school kids were taking a general rather than a college prep or vocational class.
school reform in 80
failing acheivement tests. demanded more rigorous cricilum.

higher order thinking- students are encouraged to interpret, analzye and evaluate info.
school reform 90
vast graduating from school deficient not only in higher order abilities but in basic academic skills and knowledge.

late 90 wanted schools to place greater emphasis on higher-order thinking
schol reform end of 20 century
questioned whether the comprehensive public high school should continue to paly a central role in the education of adol.
school and class size
school size may affect academic performance, big is bad only small classes usually benefit small children
middle school
schools into units of 200-500 students
tracking
remedial classes and are reserved for students who are identifies as especially capable. other classes in the same subject area are designed as average classes adn are takes by most students
mainstreaming
the integration of all students with special needs into regular classrooms
compulsory education
the rise of secondary education was the result of several historical and social trends at the turn of the century. most important were industrialization, urbanization, and immigration

prior high schools were designed for the eliete.

in 1918 became manditory
school colors
one place where kids want to be together- team sports

african american program- small classrooms, everybody gets in there ant talks, so we get integrated in the class, includes all races
fear of self
all the things you don't like about self, your mean, fightint with others peorple
good learning environment
authorative teacher. can ask questions, think abou thing, environment where parents can come in and get involved, learning is about developing your own mind
larger school size
more academic and extracuricular activity
smaller
belonging, pareticipation, performance

classroom size 20-40
adolescent optimal school size
500-1000
origions of compulsory education
agricultural decline

industrialization/labor laws

urbanization

immigration