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17 Cards in this Set

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Born in Vienna, Jewish birth but coverted to Christainity later in life.
Suffered from Rickets as infant. Pneumonia as child-> chose to be physician as a result.
Alfred Adler--Individual Psychology.
Avg student, but got into U.of Vienna where earned degree. Became physician, treated lower SES.
Was focused on: People ( artisit, tradespeople) develop skills in reaction to physical weakness in childhood.
Alfred Adler--Individual Psychology
1902- Invited by Freud to begin weekly series dealing with psychoanalysis, which eventually became Psychoanalytic Association.
Became 1st President of Psychoanalytic Association
1911- Resigned from position after significant disagreements with Freud:
1st conflict: disagreed with Freud's aggressive/assertiveness drive--> focused more on special interest
1907- " Organ Inferiority and Its Psychological Compensation"
Alfred Adler
Did not agree with Oedipal Complex--less concerned with human behavior in terms of drives, also Minimized interst in sex shaping personlity
-When he left the Psychoanalytic Association in 1911, 9 members left with him and formed --Society for Free Psychoanalytic Research"
*Highly influenced by Darwinian Theory
* Developed Social Psychological System, called it INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGY
* Almost 1st person to talk about " positive psychology"
Alfred Adler
Inferiority is motivating force and leads to growth/improvement
* Inferiority complex" refers to ones inabiltiy to compensate for inferior feelings, then, ind is unable to deal with lifes challenges
* Compensation- Another basic motivation which meant-" Striving to overcome." His thoughts were that, " we all have problems, and we just want to be the best we can be"
* Superiority: universal drive; called it " will to power" rather than " agressive drive ( very different from instinctual drives)
* Free Will: Have the capacity to determine our own personality; experiences and abilities are related to environment and heredity, but how see these are interpreted and used provides basis of personality
Alfred Adler
this man was the 3rd child, and birth order played a large role in his theory
* Birth Order: believed B.O. contributed a lot to development of personality.
1ST BORN: hostile,center of attn, hard working, dependable conservative style develops
2nd BORN: ambitious ( tried to achieve success esp where 1st born has failed), rebellious, jealous
* Believed the 2nd s better adjusted, with youngest being spoiled
Alfred Adler
Psychological Types:
Ruling: idea characterized aggressive, dominant- strive for personal power
Leaning: ( like dependent personality disorder)- sensitive people who develop a shell around self to protect self.
Avoiding: people who avoid people in life, and avoid things in general--when pushed to limits become psycho
socially useful- healthy person *<HAS BOTH SOCIAL INTEREST AND ENERGY>
Psychological Types: Adler
He was just as much a contributor to American and European Psychology as Freud or Jung
Alfred Adler
3 situation for faulty prototypes:
1. Organ inferiorities:childhood disease causes overburden
2. Pampering:parents give into everything
3. Neglect:
* He thought personality types were fixed by age of 5
Adler's faulty prototype situations
* Very interested in Social Environment : HUGE SOCIAL INTEREST, unlike Freud
* Not reductionist like freud, that boiled it all down to biological..
* More interested in holistic, had to look at everything--and not everything is black and white"
* IDEA OF WHOLISM IS WHERE INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGY COMES FROM
Adler
Idea is:
We all have different fictions in day to day living-
we all live as if we will live tomorrow, when its our own fiction that we make up
example: Heaven and Hell
Adler's " Fictional Finalism"
He didnt see men's assertiveness and success as innate ( biological) --rather, he saw them as being taught that way, IT WAS SOCIAL
Adler's idea : Masculine Protest
Belief that collective unconscious went far beyond personal unsconscious.
* Begin self-analysis as Freud had, by recording fantasies as a means of communicating with hius unconscious.
* Came to talk to a " person" within his own identity.
* Valued dreams equally, if not more than Freud- but his approach to analysis was different- used own dreams to make life decisions, i.e. what to major in college in
Carl Jung- Analytic Psychology
Background info:
*Lonely childhood, unhappy as a child.
- Had a strong relationship with Freud, which did end ( on not the best of terms, bc freud didnt end on good terms with people that disagreed with him
* Swiss, Christian, most educated of all in Psychoanalytic Society
* Studied Latin as a child, continously read ancient texts ( was interested in acheology, philosophy, but went for psychiatry--took position at hospital in Zurich under Bleuler ( coined "schizophrenia")
Jung
Called " psychic inheritance"
* idea of everything passed on by our species-
--> Symbolism found in this-symbols can be displayed during spiritual time
* this idea caused biggest schism
Collective Unconscious
a) EGO
b) Personal Unconscious (
c) Collective Unconscious/psychic inheritance
Jung's : Analytic Psychology--Personality Theory
Adler's view was different because Adler thought that we could never be conscious of collective unconscious, but it would just influence everything ( think: motivation of movement toward future comes from somewhere just dont know what it is)
Alders ideas on Collective Unscioous