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51 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Abduction
Lateral movement of the body part away from the midline of the body.
Active exercise
Joint movement activated by the person.
Activity
Vigorous or energetic action.
Adduction
Movement of a body part toward the midline of the body.
Anatomical position
Body position face up, palms down.
Alignment
The proper positioning; or state of adjustment of parts.
Ankylosis
Fixation or immobilization of a joint.
Atrophy
Decrease in the size of a body structure.
Body mechanics
Efficient use of the body as a machine and as a means of locomotion.
Contracture
Permanent contraction state of a muscle.
Circumduction
Moving the distal part of the limb to trace a complete circle while proximal end of the bone remains fixed.
Demineralization
Loss of bodily minerals; such as calcium salts.
Distal
Situated away from the point of attachment.
Dorsal recumbent
Lying on the back with legs separated, knees bent, and the soles of the feet flat on the bed.
Exercise
Active exertion of muscles involving contraction and relaxation of the muscle groups.
External rotation
A body part turning on its axis away from the midline of the body.
Extension
The state of being in a straight line.
Flexion
The state of being bent.
Footboard
A narrow platform on which to stand or brace the feet.
Footdrop
Complication resulting from extended plantar flextion.
Fowler’s position
A semisitting position.
Kyphosis
Abnormal backward curvature of the spine.
Lateral position
Side-lying position.
Lordosis
Abnormal curvature of the spine forward.
Opposition
An act of setting opposite or over against.
Osteoporosis
Condition characterized by loss of calcium from bone tissue.
Passive exercise
Manual or mechanical means of moving the joints.
Plantar flexion
Flexion of the foot.
Posture
Alignment of body parts that permits optimal musculoskeletal balance and operation and promotes healthy physiologic functioning.
Prone
Lying on the abdomen with the head turned to the side.
ROM-Range of Motion
Complete extent of movement of which a joint is normally capable.
Scoliosis
A lateral curvature of the spine.
Supine
Lying on the back with face upward.
Sim’s position
Lying on side, but the lower arm is behind the head, and the upper arm is flexed at the shoulder and the elbow.
Trendelenberg position
Position in which the person on an elevated and inclined plane, usually about 45 degrees, with the head down, and legs and feet hanging over the edge of the table.
Trochanter roll
Prevent the external rotation of the hips of a bedridden patient.
Cartlidge
Non-vascular connective tissue found in the joints as well as in the nose, ear, thorax, trachea, and larynx.
Dangling
Position in which the person sits on the edge of the bed w/ legs and feet over the side of the bed.
Flaccidity
Decreased tone from disuse
Isokinetic Exercise
Muscle contration with resistance (lifting leg with leg weights on ankles)
Isometric Exercise
Muscle contraction without shortening (pushing against wall)
Isotonic Exercise
Muscles shortening and active movement (walking)
Ligaments
Fibrous bands that bind joints together and connect bones and cartilage.
Negative Nitrogen Balance
Conditions resulting in muscle wasting and decreased phsyical energy for movement and work.
Neurons
Nerve cells that conduct impulses from one part of the body to another
Orthopedics
The correction or prevention of disorders of body structures used in locomotion
Paresis
Impaired muslce strength or weakness
Spasticity
increased tone that interferes eith movement
Tendons
Strong, flexible, inelastic fibrous bands that attach muscle to bone
Tonus
The state of slight contraction - the usual state of skeletal muscles
Activity and Exercise
Activity and Exercise