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70 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Acculturation
culture gains or reforms its cultural elements after interaction with another
cultural sharing
Assimilation
one set of cultural elements is vanquished while another is acquired
Americanization
to make or become American in character
Border
dividing line
Bourgeois
management social class
Capitalism
econ system where means of production is owned privately
Citizen
member of the community
Class
number of people grouped together by a certain trait
Classless society
myth that America has no social or econ class
Classism
assigning of class and stigmas due to wealth
Commercialization
something becomes a part of a business or commerce
Consumerism
inclination to accumulate material possessions
Context
anything that defines a culture
Culture
group that shares ideas, attitudes, beliefs, practices, etc.
Cultural Power
benefits, advantages granted by culture
Discrimination
lesser treatment of a group that put that group at a disadvantage
Diversity
having variety
Dominant
ruling or prevailing
Economic
satisfaction of ruling group
Edenic Space
myth that America was "virgin space", uninhabited
Elite
group that is regarded as most powerful
Ethnicity
cultural identity characterized by common roots, shared values, ideas, food, etc
Ethnocentrism
view that one's ethnic group is better than other cultures
Equality
having equal rights, being equal
Globalism
cultural change on a global level
Hegemony
imposed power on a culture
History
constructed narrative that is based on general accounts of a single event
Immigration
come or pass into a territory of residence
Individual Power
defined by strength, economic security, pro status
Industrialization
social and economic structure characterized by industry or machine production
Interdisciplinary
approach to studying culture that exists outside of the confines of traditional disciplines, relies on multiple disciplines
Internalize
accepting assigned charcteristics and beliefs as one's own thinking
Ideology
body of ideas that defend the staus quo and promote values and interests of dominant group
Institution
organization having laws, patterns, cultural language, viewpoints, etc.
Jim Crow
racially discriminatory laws
Manifest Destiny
thought that Americans should and could expand across the continent and displace people
Marginalize
confining less powerful people to edges of society
Materialism
tendency to value material items over spiritual or familt values
Media
transmitters of communication
Melting Pot Myth
myth that cultures influence each other to create a unique American culture where one culture is dominant
Meritocracy
myth that we can achieve success by hard work alone
Middle-Class
comfortable lifestyle; "white collar"; average americans
Multiculturalism
recognizing, understanding, and appreciating other cultures
Myth
stories told to explain complexities and banish contradiction, told to make life simpler and more comfortable
Nation
stable community of people defined by borders with a defined history and language
national wealth
all country's cash, assets, property, etc.
Nature
essential quality of a thing
Net Worth
value of assets
Oppress
to keep down by unjust use of force
Poverty Line
defining line where poverty is defined for gov't distribution for federal aid
Power
strength, influence, access to authority
Prejudice
belief that members of a certain group are inferior
Privilage
special rights granted to an individual or group of people
Race
group of people distinguished by genetic physical features
Racism
belief that a particular race is superior to another
Resistance
negative responses and opposition to views, plans, actions, etc of others
Self made man
success depends on the hard work on the individual
Slave
one bound in servitude to a person or family/ household
Socialize
convert/adapt to social needs
Social construction
characteristics and patterns of behavior that we assume to be "natural"
Status Quo
"normalcy"
Stereotype
overgeneralization applied to individual with regard percieved by differences
Subculture
id's a group as practicing the inclusive culture and different from the dominant culture
System
assembly of things forming a unitary whole
Text
artifacts produced by culture
Theory
formulation of underlying principles of certain observed phenomena
Violence
use of force to control another person or compel someone to do something
Worldview
experiencing the world specific to one's cultural views
Working Class
relatively comfortable lifestyle, "average Joe"; "Blue collar"
Working Poor
working at minimum wage, unskilled workers