Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name 2 carminitive herbs with high volatile oil content.
1. Chamomile
2. Peppermint
How would mustard oil (Brasica nigra) be used.
As a poultice
What conditions would call for the use of mustard oil?
Pain and inflammation
What are the main actions of mustard oil.
1. Rubefacient
2. Cyanagenic
What is the general formula for volatile oils?
(C5 H8)2`
How do resins work?
They are antiseptic to the skin and mucous membranes.
What part of astragalas do you use?
What class of volatile oils, resins can be classed as antiseptic and depurative?
Alcohols - monoterpenes
Which Lamiaceae herb are carminitive and vasodilatory?
1. Lavender
2. Rosemary
What is the best way to take gums and mucilages?
1. In capsule form
2. Dried on food with lots of water to follow
How will a mucilaginous herb sooth a cough?
They are demulcents and as such sooth a cough with its soothing, protective, cooling and healing actions on mucous membranes.
What are the main actions of echinacea?
1. immune modulating / enhancing
2. Depurative
3. Anti-inflammatory
4. Anti-viral
5. Anti-bacterial
6. Anti-fungal
What are the contraindications for horseradish?
1. Diahorroea
2. Can be toxic if taken in large doses
3. Can cause blisters if used topically for a long time
Name some members of the laminacaea family that contain volatile oils.
1. lavender
2. peppermint
3. rosemary
4. hyssop
Propilys can cause allergic reactions in some sensitive patients. What reactions do they cause?
Skin rashes and brochospasms
Why cant you put volvatile / diuretic herbs on your skin if you have a kidney infection.
Volatile oils are absorbed by the skin and as such end up in the blood stream and then being filtered by the kidney for excretion in the urine. The volatile oil will furthr exacerbate the infected kidney inflammation.
Name some herbs rich in sulphur.
1. Garlic
2. Echinacea
3. Marigold
What part of the Brasica nigra plant is used.
What part of the Spirulina plant is used?
Whole plant
Name a herb tht would be contraindicated for REFLUX.
Name a herb tht would be contraindicated for KIDNEY WEAKNESS.
Name a herb tht would be contraindicated for ACUTE INFECTION.
Name a herb tht would be contraindicated for PREGNANCY & LACTATION.
Poke Root
What are two actions of Phytolacca americana (Poke Root)?
1. Alterative
2. Depurative
What is the dosage for Poke Root?
It is a major low dose herb.

1:5 tincture - 0.15-0.6ml day
1:10 tincture - 0.2-0.6ml TDS
Decoction - 0.06-0.3gr
What are two actions of chorella and propilys?
1. Immunostimulatng
2. Antioxidant
Wht are the mechanisms through which volatile oil constituents are absorbed through the body from inhalation and topical applications?
1. Olfactory
2. Lymph
Define a volatile oil.
Volatile oils are found in many plants and are responsible for the scent of plants containing it.
Describe the chemistry of volatile oils.
1. they are not chemically related to vegetable or fixed oils which are lipids
2. they are only slightly soluble in water but are lipid soluble
3. they are readily absorbed into the skin and their lipid solubility means they are distributed widely in the body
4. some of their constituents are metabolised in the liver, otheres in the kidney and lungs
What are the chemical types of volatile oils?
They are mixtures of hydrocarbons and oxygenated compounds such as alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, ethers and esters. A small number also contain sulphur.
What is the difference between volatile and fixed oils.
1. Fixed oils will not evaporate - volatile oils do
2. Volatile oils heat at lower temperatures
What role does the volatile oil play in the living plant?
1. Protection
2. Attract bird and animals
3. Hormone precursors for ripening fruit etc
4. Activation of metabolism in the plant
5. Excretion of toxins from the plant
List some plant families which are high in volatile oils.
1. Lamiaceae
2. Apiaceae
3. Myrtaceae
4. Rutaceae
5. Asteraceae
6. Imbellifereae
7. Conifers
What are the medical actions of volatile oils?
They have very strong antibacterial activity.
Name four actions of Astragalas,
1. Immune enhancing
2. Adaptogenic
3. Tonic
4. Cardiotonic
Volatile oils rich in diuretic herbs should not be used in which condition?
1. Kidney infection
2. Didney disease
What is the common allergic reaction of Propilys?
Skin rash
What is the main action of the Brassicaceae family?
1. Anticancer
What are the contradictions of peppermint?
1. Oesophageal reflux
2. Should not be applied topically as it can burn
What is the Latin name for Myrrh?
Commiphora molmol
What is the Latin name for Horseradish?
Amoracia rusticana
What is the Latin name for Poke root?
Phytolacca americana
What is the Latin name for Kava Kava?
What is the Latin name for Caynene?
Capsicum frutescens
What is the Latin name for Hyssop?
Hyssop officinalis
What is the Latin name for Aniseed?
Pimpinella anisum
What is the Latin name for Peppermint?
Mentha piperita
What is the Latin name for German Chamomile?
Matricaria recutita
What is the Latin name for Lemon Balm?
Melissa officinalis
What is the Latin name for Lavender?
Lavendula augustifolia
What is the Latin name for Garlic?
Allium sativum
What is the Latin name for Echinacea?
Echinacea augustifolia
What is the Latin name for Astragalas?
Astragalas membranaceus
What is the Latin name for Reishi?
Gandoderma lucida
What is the Latin name for Psyllium?
Plantago psyllium
What is the Latin name for Mulein?
Verbascum thapsus
What is the Latin name for Marshmallow?
Althaea officinalis
What is the Latin name for Lily of the Valley?
Convallaria majalis
What is the Latin name for Black Haw?
Vilournum prunifolium
What is the Latin name for White Willow Bark?
Salica alba
What is the Latin name for Crampbark?
Viburnum opulus
What is the Latin name for Wild Cherry?
Prunus soritina
What is the Latin name for Devils Claw
Harpagophytum procumbens
What is the Latin name for Mustard?
Brassica nigra
What is the plant family of Astragalas?
What is the plant family of Echinacea?
What is the plant family of Aniseed?
What is the plant family of Lemon Balm?
What are 4 major therapeutic actions of volatile oils?
1. Stimulant
2. Carminitive
3. Diuretic
4. Antiseptic
What is the plant family name of Horseradish (Amoracias rusticana)?
What part of the Horseradish plant is used?
Young root
Whar are the major consituents of Horseradish?
1. Sinifrin
2. Allyl (volatile oil)
3. Isothyocynate
What are the main actions of Horseradish?
11. Decongestant
2. Stimulant
3. Rubefacient
4. Aperient
5. Diuretic
6. Antiseptic
7. Antibiotic
What are some medicinal uses of Horseradish?
1. Coughs and colds
2. Pain and inflammation
3. Poor appetite
4. Oedema
5. Infection
What are the dosages for Horseradish?
3-20gr of fresh root per day
Tincture - 6-18ml per day
What are the contraindications of Horseradish?
1. Diahorreoa
2. Toxic in large doses
What is Propolis?
A resinous substance collected by bees from the leaf buds and bark of trees, expecially poplar and conifer trees.
What are the actions of Propolis?
1. Anti-viral
2. Anti-bacterial
3. Antibiotic
4. antioxidant
5. Hepatoprotective
6. Anti-inflammatory
7. Anti-cancer