Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Posterior
Anatomical term meaning toward the back.
Arteries
Vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues.
Veins
Blood vessels that carry blood, usually deoxygenated, to the heart.
Arterioles
Smaller divisions of the arteries.
Capillaries
The smallest blood vessels that supply blood to the tissues, and the site of all gas and nutrient exchange in the cardiovascular system. They connect the arterial and venous systems.
Venules
A very small vessel that collects blood from the capillaries and connects to the veins.
Atrium
The two (left and right) upper chambers of the heart.
Ventricle
One of the two (left and right) lower chambers of the heart. The muscular left one pumps blood to the body; the smaller right one pumps blood to the lungs.
Bronchioles
The smallest tubes that supply air to the alveoli (air sacs) of the lungs.
Collagen
The main constituent of connective tissue, such as ligaments, tendons and muscles.
Connective Tissue
The tissue that binds together and support various structures of the body.
Wolff's Law
Principle stating that bone is capable of adjusting its strength in proportion to the amount of stress placed on it.
Sedentary
Doing or requiring much sitting; not active.
Amenorrhea
The absence of menstration
Menopause
Cessation of menstration in the human female, usually occuring between the ages of 45 and 50.
Articulation
Place of union or junction between two or more bones.
Ligaments
A connective tissue that functions to connect two bones.
Axis of Rotation
The imaginary line or point about which an object, such as a body or a lever, rotates.
Flexion
Movement about a joint in which the bones on either side of the joint are brought closer to each other.
Extension
Movement about a joint that brings two parts into or toward a straight line, thereby increasing the angle of the joint; such as straightening the elbow.
Abduction
Movement of a body part away from the midline of the body.
Adduction
Movement of a body part toward the midline of the body.
Sagittal Plane
Anatomical term referring to the imaginary longitudinal line that divides the body or any of its parts into right and left sections.
Anterior
Anatomical term meaning toward the front. Same as ventral.
Frontal Plane
An imaginary longitudinal section that divides the body into anterior and posterior halves; lies at a right angle to the sagittal plane.
Anatomical Position
Standing erect with the feet and palms facing forward.
Tendons
Strong, fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone.
Aponeurosis
A white, flattened, tendinous expansion that mainly serves to connect a muscle to the parts that it moves.
Agonist
A muscle that is directly engaged in contraction; opposes the action of an antagonist muscle.
Antagonist
The muscle that acts in opposition to the action produced by an agonist muscle.
Synergist
A muscle that assists another muscle in its function.
Eversion
Movement of the sole of the foot outward.
Plantarflexion
Distal movement of the plantar surface of the foot.
Superficial
External; located close to or on the body surface.
Deep
Anatomical term meaning internal; that is, located further beneath the body surface than the superficial structures.
Inversion
Moving the sole of the foot inward.
Lateral
Anatomical term meaning away from the midline of the body; pertaining to the side.
Medial
Anatomical term meaning toward the midline of the body; pertaining to the center.
Proximal
Anatomical term meaning toward the attached end of the limb, origin of the structure, or midline of the body.
Distal
Anatomical term meaning away from the attached end of the limb, origin of the structure, or midline of the body.