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300 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A & W
Alive and well
ab
abortion
abd
abdomen
ac
before meals
ADL
activity of daily living
AJ
ankle jerk
Hx
history
ICS
intercostal space
IOP
intraocular pressure
IUD
Intrauterine Device
IV
Intravenous
JVP
Jugular venous pressure
KJ
Knee Jerk
KUB
Kidneys, ureters, and bladder
lat
lateral
LCM
left coastal region
LE
Lower extremities
LLL
left lower lobe
LLQ
left lower quadrant
LMP
last menstrual period
LOC
Loss of consciousness
LS
lumbosacral
LSB
left sternal border
LUL
left upper lobe (lung)
LUQ
left upper quadrant
M
murmur
MAL
midaxillary line
MCL
midclavicular line
MGF
maternal grandfather
MGM
maternal grandmother
LCM
left coastal margin
LE
Lower extremities
LLL
left lower lobe
LLQ
left lower quadrant
LMP
last menstrual period
LOC
Loss of consciousness
LS
lumbosacral
LSB
left sternal border
LUL
left upper lobe (lung)
LUQ
left upper quadrant
M
murmur
MAL
midaxillary line
MCL
midclavicular line
MGF
maternal grandfather
MGM
maternal grandmother
MSL
Midsternal line
MVA
Moter vehicle accident
N & T
nose and throat
N & V
nausea and vomiting
NA
not applicaple, no answer
NKA
now known allergies
NKDA
now known drug allergies
NPO
nothing by mouth
NSR
normal sinus rhythm
OM
otitis media
P
after, para
pc
after meals
PE
physical examination
LMD
local medical doctor
PErrla
pupils equal, round, react to light and accomadations
PGF
paternal grandfather
PGM
paternal grandmother
PI
present illness
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PMH
past medical history
PMI
point of max. impulse
AK
above knee
ANS
autonomic nervous system
AP
anteroposterior
bid
twice a day
BK
below knee
BP
blood pressure
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
BS
bowel sounds, breath sounds
c
with
cc
chief complaint
CHD
childhood disease, congenital heart disese, conorary heart disease
CHF
congestive heart failure
CNS
central nervous system
c/o
complains of
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CV
cardiovascular
CVA
costovertebral angle, cerebrovascular
CVP
central venous pressure
Cx
cervix
D & C
dilation and curettage
DM
diabetes mellitus
DOB
date of birth
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
DTR's
deep tendon reflexes
DUB
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Dx
diagnosis
ECG, EKG
electrocardiogram, electrocardiograph
EENT
eye, ear, nose, and throat
ENT
ear, nose and throat
EOM
extraocular movement
FB
foreign body
FH
family history
FROM
full range of motion
FTT
failur to thrive
Fx
fracture
G
gravida
GB
gallbladder
GE
gastroesphageal
GI
gastrointestinal
GU
ginitourinary
GYN
gynecologic
HA
headache
hCG
human chorionic gonadotropin
HEENT
head, eyes ,ears, nose, and throat
HOPI
history of present illness
HPI
history of present illness
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
PO
by mouth
prn
as needed, as neccessary
PVC
premature ventricular contraction
qhr
every hour
qid
four times a day
RCM
right costal margin
REM
rapid eye movement
RLQ
right lower quadrant
ROM
range of motion
RRR
regular rate and rhythm
RUL
right upper lobe (lung)
RUQ
right upper quadrant
S
without
SCM
sternocleidomastoid
Sx
symptoms
T & A
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
tid
three times a day
TM
tympanic membrane
TPR
temp, pulse, and resp
UE
upper extremities
URI
upper resp. infection
UTI
urinary tract infection
WD
well developed
WN
well nourished
UE
upper extremities
TPR
temp, pulse, resp
TM
typanic membrane
RSB
right sternal border
RRR
regular rate and rhythm
ROS
review of status
RML
right middle lobe (lung)
ac
before meals
RCM
right costal margin
PVC
premature ventricular contraction
hCG
human Chorionic gonadotropin
GU
Genitourinary
FTT
failure to thrive
FB
foreign body
EOM
extraocular movement
ac
before meals
ad lib
freely
am
morning
caps
capsule
clt
client
elix
elixir
g, gm
gram, 1000 milligrams. grains 15
gtt
drops
IM
intramuscular
IV
into a vein
IVPB
IV piggyback, secondary IV line
kg
kilogram, 2.2 lbs
KVO
keep vein open, slow infusion rate
L
liter
mcg
microgram, one millionth of a gram
mg
milligram, one thousandth of a gram
mEq
milliequilavent, the number of grams of solute dissolved in one milliliter of a normal solution
min or m
minum, 1/15 or 1/16 ml
ml, mL
mililiter, one thousandth of a liter
ng
nanogram, one billionth of a liter
o
no or none
os
mouth
OTC
over the counter
pc
after meals
pm
after noon
PO
by mouth, orally
prn
accoording to necessity
pt
patient
q
every
qh
every hour
q4hr
every 4 hrs
qid
four times a day
qs
sufficient quantity
Rx
take
s
without
SL
sublingal, under the tongue
SOS
if it is necessary, one dose only
stat
at once
Sub-Q
into the subcutaneous tissue
tbsp
tablespoon, 15ml
tid
three times a day
TO
telephone order, order received ove the telephone
tsp
teaspoon, 5ml
VO
verbal order, order received verbally
i, ii
one, two
1 liter
1000 mL, 1 quart, 2 pints
1 mL
1 cc
1 gram
1000 mg
1 mg
1000 mcg
1 fl oz
8 drams
1 fl dram
60 minums
1 gallon
4 quarts
1 quart
2 pints, 32 fl oz, 1 liter
1 pint
16 oz, 500 ml
1 oz
8 tsp
1 cup
8 oz, 240 ml
1 T
15 mL
1 T
3 tsp
1 tsp
60 drop (gtt), ml
1 lb
16 oz
2 T
1 fl oz, 30 ml
2.2 lbs
1 kg
grain 1
60 mg
1 inch
2.5 cm
adverse drug reactions
NONtherapeutic effects of med
anaphylaxis
exaggerated hypersensitivity reaction to a previosly encountered antigen. may be localized or generalized
duration of time
LENGTH of time during which a drug is present in a concentration GREAT enough to produce a Therapeutic Effect
floor stock
medications that are distributed by the pharmacy to the nursing unit in bulk. over the counter drugs
idiosyncratic reaction
response to medication or therapy unique to an individual
Medication dependence
tow types: psychological (addiction) or physical.
Psychological dependence
client desires medication for some benefit other than the intended effect.
Physical dependence
involves physiogical adaption to a med that manifest itself by intense physical disturbance when med is withdrawn
medication polymorphism
exhibition of a variation in response to a medication by an individual client. May be caused by an environmental or cultural factor.
Medication tolerance
decrease physiological response after repeated administration for medication or chemically related substance
onset of medication action
period of time AFTER a drug is administered for it to produce a response
Parenteral
not in or through the digestive system
Peak Action
time it takes for a drug to reach it HIGHEsT effective concentration
Peak concentration
HIGHEST effective CONCENTRATION
Plateau
blood serum concentration reached and maintained after repeated, fixed doses of drug
Polypharmacy
concurrent rescription, administration, or use of multiple medications, some of which may not be indicated clinically.
side effects
an effect caused by a drug that is different from the therapeutic action; the effect may be harmless or interests.
syngergistic reaction
undesired reaction that occurs when one drug potentiates the effect of another
therapeutic effect
intended or desired physiological response for medication
toxic effects
severe and progressive negative effects of drugs
trough concentration
the point of which the lowest amount of drug is detected in the serum
Unit dose system
system of drug distribution in which a portable car containing a drawer for each client's medications is prepared by the pharmacy with a 24 hour supply
Verbal order
a physician or nurse practitioner's order for medication or other therapy that is spoken to RN to be entered into the client's med. record.
Anesthetic
drugs or agents capable of producing a complete or partial loss of feeling.
Antianginal
a medication that dilates coronary arteries, improving blood flow to the myocardium to prevent angina
cerumen
earwax, a waxy secretion produced by aprocrine sweat glands in the external ear canal
Cycloplegic
drug that paralyzes ciliary muscles of eye, causin pupillary dilation for ophthamological examination or surgery
Dermatitis
an inflammatory condition of the skin characterized by erythemia and pain or pruritus
Dermatological
pertaining to skin
Eczema
superficial dermatitis of unknown cause
Glaucoma
abnormal condition of elevated pressure within the anterior chamber of an eye that occurs as a result of the obstruction of outflow of aqueous humor
lotion
liquid preparation applied externally to protect the skin or treat a dermatological disorder
Metered dose inhaler
device designed to deliver a measured dose of an instillation program
Mydriatric
ophthamalic preparations to stimulate the sympathetic nerve fibers or block parasympathetic nerve fibers of the eye, temporarily paralyzing the iris sphincter muscle
Nares
pair of anterior and posterior openings in the nose that allow for passage of air to the pharynx and lungs
Nebulizer
device used to distribute medication throughout nasal passages and tracheal bronchial airway
Nitroglycerin
medication that causes dilation of coronary arteries
ointment
semisolid externally applied in preparation, usually containing med.
Ophthmalic
pertaining to the eye
orifice
entrance or outlet of any cavity in the body
pruritus
symptom of itching
suppository
a solid form of medication and inserted into the boldy cavity. drug is absorbed in the cavity after it dissolves in a cavity
suspension
liquid in which small particles of a solid are disbursed, but not dissolved, and in which the dispersal is maintained by stirring or shaking the mixture
sympathomimetic
a pharmacological agent that mimics the effects of stimulation of organs and structures by the sympathetic nervous system
topical
of or pertaining to a drug or treatment applied to the surface of a body part
transdermal
refers to a form of medication that is applied to the skin's surface and is absorbed across the dermal or outer skin layer
Vertigo
sensation of faintness or an inability to maintain normal balance and of standin or seated position, sometimes associated with giddiness, mental confusion, nausea, and weakness
caplet
solid dose form. coated for ease of swallowing
capsule
medication encased in a gelatin shell
tablet
powdered med compressed into hard disk or cylinder
enteric coat
tablet coated so that it does not dissolve in stomach, meant for intestinal absorption
elixir
clear fluid containing water and alcohol, usually a sweetener is added
extract
concentrated med made from active portion of other components
glycerite
solution of med combined with glycerin fro external use
solution
liquid preparation. used parenterally, externally, and instilled into body organ or cavity. MUST be STERILE for parenteral use
suspension
finely dissolved particles in a liquid medium. DO NOT use intraveneously
syrup
medication dissolved into concentrated sugar solution
Troche
flat, round dosage form containing med. that dissolved in the mouth. Lozenge
Aerosol
aqueous medication sprayed and absorbed in the mouth and upper airway
sustained release
tablet or capsule that contain small particles of a med. coated with material that requires a varying amount of time to dissolve
ointment
salve or cream, semisolid, externally applied. usually contains one or more meds.
Liniment
oily liquid
lotion
emollient liquid that can be clear solution, suspension, or emulsion
Paste
thicker than ointment. absorbed by skin slower than ointment
transdermal patch
disk or patch embedded with a med that is absorbed through the skin over a designated period of time
solution
preparation that contains water with one or more dissolved compounds. Solution must be sterile
powder
particles of med that are reconstituted with water, dissolved, and administered parenterally. the solution must be sterile
intraocular disk
disk embedded with a med. that is inserted into the client's eye. The medication is absorbed over a designated period of time
uticaria
hives, irregular shaped skin eruptions with varying sizes and shapes; eruptions have reddened margins and pale centers.
eczema
rash, small vesicles that are usually reddened; often distributed over the entire body
pruitus
itching of the skin, accompanies most rashes
rhinitis
inflammation of mucous membranes lining the nose, causing swelling and a clear watery discharge.
wheezing
constriction of smooth muscles surrounding bronchioles, which decrease the diameter of airways. occurs primarily on INSPIRATION. the development of edema in the pharynx and larynx further obstructs airflow.
angioedema
an acute, painless, dermal, subq, or submucosal swelling of short duration involving the face, neck, lips, larynx, hands, feet, genitalia, or viscera.
fever
abnormal elevation of body temp above 37 C (98.6F)
sublingal
under the tongue
intramuscular
IM, into a muscle
SubQ
into subq tissue
intradermal
into the dermis
intrathecal
into subarachnoid space
absorption in older adults
increased gastric pH, decreased intestinal blood
flow
distribution in older adults
decreased lean body mass
increased adipose stores
decreased body water
decreased serum albumin
metabolism in older adults
decreased liver size
decreased liver blood flow
decreased liver functions
excretion in older adults
decreased kidney function