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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
This is the belief that kings receive their power from God and are responsible only to God
Devine right of kings
This dynasty (family) replaced the Tudors after the death of Queen E I
Stuarts
The first king of the Dynasty (#2) was this man.

#2 was already king of what country
James I Stuart

Scotland
This group, Protestants in England inspired by Calvinist ideas, thought that the church of England (Anglican Church) was not Protestant enough.
Puritans
This group was an important part of the house of Commons.
Gentry
the monarch in ?England was considered to be (Low Anglican; High Anglican; Presbyterian).
High
This man, married to French princess Henrietta Maria, attempted to rule without Parliament from 1629-1640. he was executed on January 30, 1649
Charles I, Stuart
This is the term for the parliament that met from April 13 to May 5 of 1640 - dissolved by the king when they refused to vote money needed by the king to fight the Scots
Short Parliament
these were the two sides in the English Civil War.
Calvilry sp?? roundhead
This was made up largely of extreme Puritans, known as the Independents. These men believed that they were doing battle for god.
new model army
This man, a military genius, was the commander of #12
Oliver Cromwell
This term applies to parliament after it was purged by Colonel Pride of any members who had not supported #13
Rump Parliament
In this event, royal forces were decisively defeated. Charles fled and surrendered himself to the Scots.
Battle of Naseby
This general term applies to any government which does not have a monarch.
Republic
This term, Specific to England, applies to the government of England after the execution of the king, from 1649-1660
the common wealth
this is the term for the period when Cromwell ruled as a dictator (1653-1658)
Protectorate
This man was the 'restoration' the return of the Stuart monarchy in 1660
Charles II, Stuart
This EVENT led directly to the overthrow of James II. (That is, this was the final straw for Parliament, so they acted - what had happened to dash the hopes of Protestant?)
More Caholic birth of ___ heir to James II
They were invited by Parliament to raise an army and to invade England.
william and mary
When James II and his wife fled, England was said to have undergone this.
Glorieus Revolution
Specifically list six rights included in the English Bill of Rights. Do not write GENERAL statements - like it 'created a system of government based on the rule of law…
Right to trial by jury; Excessive bail may be demanded.
It is lawful to petition the king.
Elections to Parliament must be free
There must be frequent meetings of parliament
levying money without parliaments concent is illegal
This act granted Puritans, but not Catholics, the right of free public worship
Toleration Act of 1684
System in which a ruler (a monarch) holds total power. It was tied to the idea of divine right of kings
Absolute monarchy
Parliament is to England what ___?___ was to France in the 17th C
estates general
What was the most significant difference between your answer to #31 and Parliament in England
It never met
These courts in France had the right to register royal decrees before they became law and locally, they exercised considerable authority over local administration and taxation
parliament
Two permanent sources of income for the French monarchy
the gabulle adn tallage
France profited from the guidance of these two able statesmen =- both cardinals, one of whom worked with Louis XIII to centralize the French monarchy and the other who trained Louis XIV
carlinal richelien adn cardinal mazarin
Give three reasons why the Stuart monarchs had trouble 'making people trust them' according to the article 'two models' problems with their personalities.
they acted on a whim
Action take by Louis XIV in 1685, which ended religious liberty for French Protestants.
constantly had bad judgement
Group that Louis XIV forced out of France in the name of religious conformity - be SPECIFIC do not write, PROTESTANTS.
Huguenots
Action take by Louis XIV in 1685, which ended religious liberty for French Protestants.
revoked endict of nantes
Give three reasons why the Stuart monarchs had trouble 'making people trust them' according to the article 'two models' problems with their personalities.
not trustworthy