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37 Cards in this Set

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Who was the King who took over after the war of the 3 henry's? What was his house and main policy?
Henry of Navarre, Bourbon, Politique
Who was Henry's partner? what did they do together?
The Duke of Sully- Maximilian- they made Henry absolute and lowered taxes for the peasants and introduced the Paullette
What was Henry's trade policy? What happened?
They increased trade by subsidizing with private corporations- this kept inflation down and increased trade. The subsidizing brought more economy to France and they created a highway system for trade
What was the Paulette?
It was a tax on the nobility to make up for lowering the taxes on the poor. It kept them in office and kept their family name in the nobility
After Henry was assisnated, who took over and why was a minister appointed? Who was it?
Louis XIII, his mother Marie de Medicci was a terrible ruler and appointed Richelieu who advised Louis until he died
Who was the King who took over after the war of the 3 henry's? What was his house and main policy?
Henry of Navarre, Bourbon, Politique
Who was Henry's partner? what did they do together?
The Duke of Sully- Maximilian- they made Henry absolute and lowered taxes for the peasants and introduced the Paullette
What was Henry's trade policy? What happened?
They increased trade by subsidizing with private corporations- this kept inflation down and increased trade. The subsidizing brought more economy to France and they created a highway system for trade
What was the Paulette?
It was a tax on the nobility to make up for lowering the taxes on the poor. It kept them in office and kept their family name in the nobility
After Henry was assisnated, who took over and why was a minister appointed? Who was it?
Louis XIII, his mother Marie de Medicci was a terrible ruler and appointed Richelieu who advised Louis until he died
What was Louis XIII ultimate goal? What did he do to France in order to achieve this?
His ultimate goal was to be an absolute ruler. He divided France into 32 districts and had an Intendent reporting directly to the king
After Louis XIII, who took over? Who was the minister/ and what did they do the the nobility?
It was Louis XIV with Mazarin. They tried to subgigate the nobility like Richelieu and if they werent following the rules, they would die
What starts under Louis XIV as a result of the absolutism affecting the nobility?
The Fronde- an internal civil war betweeen the nobles and the crown- they wanted one last attemtp to gain power back and take advantage of a weak king
What Labor tax did Louis XIV instate?
The Corvee
"King of Straw" was written by who, after what, and what 2 things did he learn?
by Louis Xiv after the Fronde and he leanred 10 never be alone in angry Paris 2) never let nobility take over
What was Louis xiv rule like? What did he believe in? What nationality was his wife? What was his key to ruling?
It was Short, He beilieved in the Divine Right of Kings. He had a spainish wife. he domesticated the nobility
What did louis xiv build and what was his last name? What was his nickname?
Bourvbon- Versailles. The Sun King
Who was louis xiv economic advisor and what did he do?
John Colbert- was a good public service advisor
What kind og government did louis xiv use? What estate did he draw his members from?
He used the indendants, councilours, and the bearaucrats from the 3rd estate- bouseoguisse
Who took over England after Elizabeth I? What was his family name?
James I, Stuart
What was James I a HUGE believer in?
the Divine right and Absolutism
What did James I do to parliament that upset them?
He went around them with taxes to earn money, sold noble offices
What religion did James I convert to? what tendencies did he have?
Anglican, but presbyterian tendencies and was too nice to Catholics and tolerant of religions
What, as a result of ignoring the Puritan pleas for reform happened?
They went on a pilgrimage to America
what was a plot to kill James I and what was the affect?
The Gun Powder Plot with Guy Fawkes- to blow up parliment and the king thought that parliment was involved, so he renforced the idea that parliament should be separate
Why did James I suddenly need money from parliament?
Wars with Spain and France- the Thirty Yrs War
When parliment is called, what happens under James?
They speak their grievances, and he dissolves them
Who takes over after James I? What were his policies?
Charles I- same as his fathers-JamesI
When Charles I calls Parliament for money, what happens, what were they called, and what did they write?
They were dissolved b/c they were speaking their grievances, called the Short Parliament and they wrote The Petition for Rights
After Cromwell's Commonwealth and military dictatorship, who takes over to restore the monarchy?
Charles II- absolutist, procatholic
Under Charles II, what two parties made up the new parliament and what was this parliament called?
Cavalier Parliament- The Torries ( upper class people, like the Nobles, Gentry, the Anglican Conservatives) and the Whigs (middle class, Puritans)
What act did the Cavalier parliament pass? What did it say?
The Habeaus Corpus Act- the right to a speedy trial asnd no double jeapordy
Why were the people scared Charles II was going to bring back Catholicism? What confirmed this?
He had a Catholic Wife and his had the secret treaty of dover with Louis XIV- paying him to convert to cath, support them against the dutch
Who takes over after Charles II? What are his policies on religion?
James I- he is Catholic and appoints many catholics into office and suspends the anticath laws- he is an absolutist
What was the Warming Pan Baby Plot?
When James II hadnt had a legit child and his wife, Mary of Modena, suddenyl has a boy in order to maintain the throne. Fake
As a result of the Babyt plot, who takes over and what were the policies?
William of Orange and Mary- they are protestant, reinstate parliament's influence, not absolutist
Under William of Orange, what kind of government comes up? What was the transition between kings called?
End of Divine Right- Constitutional Monarchy, Parliament has power with a bill of rights and ruling with the consent of the people- the transition called the Glorious Revolution