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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ancient
very, very old (prior to 476 AD)
bible
a book containing the sacred writings of a religion
covenant
agreement
Diaspora
the forced scattering of the Jews by the Romans around 70 AD
Exodus
the departure of the Jews from ancient Egypt around 1200 BC
Judaism
the religion of the Jewish or Hebrew people
monarchy
form of government with inherited, all-powerful leader (e.g., king, pharoah)
monotheism
the belief in one all-powerful god
polytheism
the belief in many gods
prophet
holy messenger
Abraham
founder of Judaism in Ur around 1900 BC (covenant with God)
David
1) shepherd boy who fought and slew Philistine warrior Goliath;
2) King of Israel after Saul, and founder of Jerusalem
Goliath
giant Philistine warrior (fought and killed by David)
Moses
1) Jewish prophet and leader c. 1200 BC;
2) led Israelite Exodus out of Egypt;
3) obtained 10 Commandments
Phoenicians
seagoing traders; developed alphabet (which evolves through Greeks and Romans to modern English)
Yahweh
the God of the Jews