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90 Cards in this Set

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Chapter 5
What is a fear?
perceived danger
What is Anxiety?
Imagination runs wild
What is meant by the term Pygmalian Affect?
Imagined perception- You are what you believe you are therefore you become it!
Important question about both anxiety and fear?
How do these both effect ouy ADL's
What is a phobia?
Irrational fear
Define a panic attack?
Starts as an episode (10) minutes
Define a panic disorder?
chronic, ongoing and can erupt at any time
What are some of the physical signs of a people having panic attack?
sweating, increased heart rate, passing out, chills, nausea
Name health problems that can contribute to these symptoms?
Heart problems
In what ways can anxiety attacks be alleviated?
reduce caffeine
At what age does a level of anxiety usually present itself?
age 20
Agraphobia is defined as what?
intense anxiety of feeling trapped.
How often is agraphobia more common in women than men?
X2 more likely
Women are diagnosed how many more times than men for anxiety disorders?
Medication for anxiety does what for a person?
Rebalances levels of neuroeprenephrine and GABA in the brain.
Anxiety medications are classified as what?
Benzo's-Valium, Librium, Xanax
What is the downfall of using anxiety medications long term?
Dependancy on drug to cope with life.
What is a better way to tackle treatment of anxiety disorders?
ween people off medications along with use of therapist
Phobia is defines as?
Irrational fear
Give examples of Phobias?
Most common are: animals, thunder, lightning, darkness and blood
What is Instinctive fear?
Fear that is genetically programmed
Carl Jung theory?
Collective unconscious
Cognitive style means what/
How a person thinks out different things in life
Overactive Alarm System is based on what thinking style?
change the way you think and you will change your outcome
Flooding refers to what?
take a fearful situation and keep reintroducing it until fear is gone
In regards to Flooding, what does Graduated Exposure consist of?
flooding down in chunks of time, talked out with therapist while happening and done again some other time.
What is the goal on Flooding and Graduated Exposure theories?
Reward each baby step of moving forward of conquering a fear
What is the number social phobia and second most common?
1. speaking to the public
2. eating in public
What does the left and right side of the brain control?
G.A.D. stands for what?
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
What does G.A.D. disorder consist of?
diverse symptoms because doctors are unsure of what causes it or triggers it. Trading one worry for another.
no great success with long term results
OCD means what?
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
unwanted and persistent thoughts
Compulsion disorder is what?
based on ritual not a need
Name 4 different types of compulsions?
Note: many people have suffered what childhood illness prior to 6 months of age that may influence having this disorder?
Strep throat, often mistaken for cholic in babies
What types of treatments are used for OCD?
Benzo's or meds known as SSRI
Define behavioral therapy?
response is opposite flooding, therapist denies patient from doing behavior that is obsessive by talking him through it.
Cingulotomy is what type of procedure?
Drastic measure to reduce OCD behavior. Operation
What id ASD?
Acute Stress doisorder
When does ASD happen?
soon after traumatic event
PTSD stand for what?
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Define PTSD?
based on specific experiences with patients have flashbacks and nightmares
war veterans
Conversion Disorder refers to what?
loss of physical ability or function such as going blind as a way to avoid what traumatic experience a person witnessed
In PTSD, what is Survivor Syndrome?
Person exposed to traumatic event walks away unharmed but others have been hurt or killed, feels overwhelming guilt
Name some risk factors for ASD or PTSD?
certain pre-existing health conditions such as families already have pysch. disorders already present, women more than men
Two important facts about potentially getting ASD or PTSD?
rape victims now recognized as potential victims and not everyone will get either of these syndromes
When a large amount of stress takes place in a body, what hormone gets released?
HIgh levels of stress for an extended period of time can do what to the body chemistry?
alters production of neurotransmitters. receptors become altered as well.
What does the term Homeostasis mean?
a person is jacked up all the time
What are some of the positive factors of stress being in a person's life?
Better awareness of surroundings
broader experience base to draw from
Chapter 6
What does the term Somatoform mean?
physical complaint with no medical basis
Somatoform Disorder includes what principles?
body complaints
individuals have psych problems but will not acknowledge them, therefore expressed in a physical complaint
Explain Conversion Disorder?
high levels of conflict that manifest itself as motor or sensory problem
Freud renamed Conversion Disorder as what?
Hysterical neurosis
Define Sensory Dysfunction?
things not working in the body as they should with no medical proof of real problem
What does the phrase "Sick Role" mean?
a person loves attention they get when they get sick/ NO REWARD for getting better
Seizures manifest themselves for what reasons?
What does MIxed Episode Combination refer to?
several dysfunctions as the same time/rare/ occurs in most people ages 10-35 years old/more common in women
Somatoform Disorders can occur for what reasons?
sometimes patients will have underlying health problems/ 50 % of cases eventually have this show up even if initial testing shows no evidence to support complaint
BDD stands for what?
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
What are some of the signs of BDD?
patients preoccupied with a physical aspect of themselves
40X more likely to commit suicide
In BDD, what concerns women most and men?
Women- breast size and flabby abdomen
men-hair loss
Hypochondriasis refers to what type of patient?
one that has complaints of physical illness with no medically testing to support it
Malingering refers to?
deliberately faking symptoms for purpose seeking attention
Facticious Disorders are seen in people who have a need for what?
inner need to maintain sick role
DSM defines Munchausen's Syndrome as?
chronic cases of person becomes consumed with the pursuit of medical care
Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy includes what?
Parent makes child ill to get attention through sick child
What are some triggers for Somatoform Disorders?
Post- Partum depression
Why do people fake illnesses?
Primary gain: avoid responsibility Secondary Gain; sympathy
What is the treatment for Hypocodriacs?
Mange stress
Get to the root of the problem
teach coping skills
Problem focused treatment for Hypo's consist of what?
take special courses
work towards gaining skills to succeed
Emotion focused treatment for Hypo's consist of what?
focus therapy on talking it out: How do we react to what just happened and how do I move ahead
What are important components to wanting to change ones thinking?
must be open to change and willing to make to move forward in change
D.I.D. means what?
Dissociative Disorder
What two aspects are present in a true dissociative person?
Host or core personality and alters or others that are present
Alter personalities are often as result of what trauma?
childhood abuse
Name characteristics of DID personalities?
shift between host and alters
questions to host/alters have distorted sense of time
What type of treatment is used for DID cases?
What is the largest problem for Forensics who have a perpetrator who has DID?
alters may blame host for the crime
Dissociative Amnesia is defined as?
people who are unable to recall their personal data/ however they may be able to recall data from childhood
Dissociative Amnesia when a people forget their own environment in a specific accident is referred as?
Localized DA
Generalized DA consists of?
person cannot recall events beofre incident
Continuous DA is?
failure to recall events from a particular time up to the event
DA is not caused by?
physical trauma
Dissociative Fugue is?
person is confused about their identity and unexpectedly takes off and starts new life
Depersonalization Disorder is?
distortion of body concepts such as a person can fly/ often seen in drug users
Continuous DA is?
failure to recall events from a particular time up to the event
DA is not caused by?
physical trauma
Dissociative Fugue is?
person is confused about their identity and unexpectedly takes off and starts new life
Depersonalization Disorder is?
distortion of body concepts such as a person can fly/ often seen in drug users