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26 Cards in this Set

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Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)
The network of nerve fibers that connect the central nervous system to all the other organs of the body
Endocrine System
The System of glandns located throughout the body that help control important activities such as growth and sexual activity
Sympathetic Nervous System
The nerve fibers of the autonomic nervous system that quicken the heartbeat and produce other changes experienced as arousal and fear
Parasympathetic nervous system
The nerve fibers of the autonomic nervous system that help maintain normal organ functioning. They also slow organ functioning after stimulation and return other bodily processes to normal
Hypthalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) Pathway
One route by which the brain and body produce arousal and fear. At times of stress the hypothalamus signals the pituitary gland, which in turn signals the adreanal glands. Stress horomones are then released to various body organs
Corticosteroids
A group of hormones, including cortisol, released by the adreal glands at times of stress
Trait Anxiety
The general level of anxiety that a person brings to the various events in his or her life
Situation Anxiety
The various levels of anxiety produced in a person by different situations. Also called state anxiety
Acute stress disorder
An anxiety disorder in which fear and related symptoms are experienced soon after a traumatic event and last less than a month
Posttraumatic stress disorder
An anxiety disorder in which fear and related symptoms continue to be experienced long after a traumatic event
Rap Group
A group that meets to talk about and explore members' problems in an atmosphere of mutual support
Critical incident stress debriefing
Training in how to help victims talk about their feelings and reactions to traumatic incidents
Psychophysicological Disorders (Psychosomatic disorders)
Illnesses that result from an interaction of psychosocial and organic factors
Ulser
A lesion that forms in the wall of the stomach or of the duodenum
Asthma
A medical problemm marked by narrowing of the trachea and bronchi, which results in shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and a choking sensation
Insomnia
Difficulty falling or staying asleep
Muscle contraction Headache, (Tension Headache)
A headache caused by the narrowing of muscles surrounding the skull
Migraine Headache
An extremely severe headache that occurs on one side of the head, often preceded by a warning sensation and sometimes accompanied by dizziness, nausea, or vomiting
Hypertension
Chronic high blood pressure
Coronary Heart disease
Illness of the heart caused by a blocking of the coronary arteries
type A personality style
A personality pattern characterzed by hostility, cynicism, drivenness, impatience, competitiveness, and ambition
type B personality style
A personality pattern in which persons are more relaxed, less aggressive and less concerned about time
Psychoneuroimmunology
The study of the connections among stress, the bod's immune system, and illness
immune system
The body's network of activities and cells that identify and destroy antigens and cancer cells
Antigen
A foreign invader of the body, suc as abacterium or virus
Lymphocytes
White blood cells that circulate through the lymph system and bloodstream, helping the body identify and destroy antigens and cancer cells